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Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects | Brunei Darussalam

SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

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POVERTY

No information is available.

 

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DEMOGRAPHICS

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HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

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Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Health care in Brunei Darussalam is a three-tier system with health clinics providing primary care, health centres providing secondary care, and district hospitals the tertiary and specialised care. Brunei Darussalam health planners place great emphasis on primary health clinics and mobile services, particularly in the remote areas.

The Poisons Act governs the use of pesticides in Brunei Darussalam. It regulates the import and sale of poisons to prevent its misuse. The Ministry of Hea1th's Director of Medical Services has legal responsibility in implementing the act. Licenses issued by the Department of Medical Services are required for the importation or sale of any substances included in the poison list.
In addition, a Pesticide Assessment Committee was established in 1989 which aims to screen application for licences to import agro-chemicals and to assess the competence of sellers.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

In addition to health care, the Ministry of Health collaborates with the Ministry of Development in health related projects, for example the provision of rural sanitation and water supply. The policy of the Health Ministry is to provide the highest level of health care and quality of life of the whole population in a clean and healthy environment.
In protecting and promoting human health, emphasis is also given to the use of pesticides.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status

Brunei Darussalam has made substantial achievements in improving and upgrading the health status and services, for example:

  1. life expectancy has stabilised to 70.1 years for males and 72.7 for females;
  2. infant mortality has decline from above 20.01 per thousand before the 1970's to about nine per thousand in 1989 and only 7.5 in 1990;
  3. maternal mortality has been reduced to about 0/1000 live births since 1988.

In Brunei Darussalam, the use of chemicals in the form of fertilizers and pesticides is also increasing in agriculture and silviculture. Excessive use of these chemicals has the potential to cause harm to the rural ecology and human health.

Challenges  

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Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

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This information was provided by the Government of Brunei Darussalam to the seventh session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1998.

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EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

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Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

Environmental education and awareness is essential in mobilising public participation in environmental enhancement activities. Effective long-term environmental management will require an informed and supportive public. Brunei Darussalam recognises that there is a need to raise the level of environmental awareness at all levels of society, school children, private business sector, non-governmental organisations and government officials at both the resource management and the highest administrative levels. In this regards, environmental awareness and education forms an important component of the NES.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects 

Environmental components have been integrated in the primary and secondary curricula. In addition, environmental aspects are part of extra curricular activities. Many programmes have been undertaken to promote better awareness and understanding of environmental issues among the public.

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation

Brunei Darussalam actively supports regional efforts in promoting environmental awareness. One such effort was the ASEAN Environment Year (AEY) 1995 with the theme "Green and Clean". The main objective of AEY 1995 was to increase the level of awareness and understanding of environmental issues in the region as well as to promote ASEAN's efforts and achievements in protecting the environment to the international community.

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This information was provided by the Government of Brunei Darussalam to the seventh session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1998.

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HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

In addressing the issue of human settlements, Brunei Darussalam's national long term goal is to provide the people with a proper accommodation in a pleasant environment with the citizen households owning their own houses. Towards achieving these goals, the government encourages the people to build houses through provision of low interest housing loans for its employees and soft loans through the Development Bank of Brunei for housing estates. For those without land to build their own houses, two schemes are available, the National Housing Scheme and the Schemes for the Landless under which housing units are made available at subsidised prices to be paid over a period of 20 - 30 years. In addition, the government provides government housing for its employees at subsidised rents, and certain larger private companies also provides accommodation for their own work force.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status

Safe drinking water is available at the turn of the tap and is presently be enjoyed by more than 90 percent of the population. Total water usage for the period under review reached 66,157 million liters, recording an increase of 66,157million liters. The Water Services Department, Public Works, is directly responsible for the supply of potable water and management of fresh water resources. It manages several water treatment plants with a total capacity of more than 195 million liters per day and has a modern laboratory to make sure that the quality of treated water meets safe drinking standard.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

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This information was provided by the Government of Brunei Darussalam to the seventh session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: December 1998.


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