Click here to go to the following issues:

Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects | Botswana

ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN BOTSWANA

Click here to go to these sections:

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has responsibility for international trade in Botswana. The Botswana Bureau of Standards, established by an Act of Parliament, in 1996, is an independent body under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. It will endeavor to develop national standards to address the need for safe and environmentally friendly goods and services consumed in the country. The Bureau ensures that products produced in Botswana meet specifications of international trade markets, and that imported products do not have a negative impact on the Botswana environment.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The Government, through the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is therefore encouraging and assisting the formation of consumer groups. The Ministry has a dual responsibility of encouraging industrial development and protecting consumers. At present, consumer groups are supported by the Government with the hope that they will grow and become independent. The Government believes that a strong consumer movement will in the future play a major role in trade and environment issues at the national and international levels. The Ministry is also considering legislation on consumer protection which will attempt to address issues relating to the environment.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

There is no clear policy on trade and environment in the Republic. Trade related environmental issues have not been incorporated into the various agreements signed between Botswana and other countries. Furthermore, the flow of information between the coordinating agency and the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has not been put in place following the Rio conference. As such, no attempt has been made to develop environment friendly trade measures in Botswana. Nonetheless, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry has put in place certain measures which support environmental concerns. 

Having access to large markets leads to economies of scale and more efficient use of resources. This results from expansion of production processes and increased incomes. Increased incomes empower consumers and consumer movements which can demand environmentally friendly products and production processes. 

For Botswana to develop her economy, it is important that trade policies take into account environmental concerns. It is becoming increasingly clear that the international demand for a freer trade environment will have an impact on environmental issues, and this will, therefore, need to be reflected in national policies on trade. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has already taken measures to address some of the concerns. Botswana is a contracting member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which is responsible for the removal of all trade barriers. Furthermore, the Ministry has also spearheaded the introduction of environment friendly products, such as unleaded petrol introduced for the first time in Botswana in 1996. To encourage consumption of this product, the Government subsidized it by three thebe per litre. Efforts are continuing to ensure that the product is distributed throughout the country. Efforts are also being made to form consumer groups so that consumers can be aware of their rights and can address issues relating to their environment.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information available

Challenges  

While the Ministry of Commerce and Industry will continue to address environmental issues with respect to trade in goods, it has not been easy to reflect on major concerns on the environment. One of the major constraints is the lack of a coordinated approach to environmental issues. There is no proper guidance to enable other Government agencies to take environmental issues on board in their various policies. This is probably due to the lack of understanding of trade and industrial processing issues as they relate to environmental impact. It is also due to the lack of an encompassing environmental policy to address trade issues, industrial processing, and trade in services, such as tourism. As such, there has not been an appreciation of the need for a foreign trade policy which also addresses environmental issues. In this regard, the lack of legislation on foreign trade policy will continue to impact on the need to ensure that environment issues are taken on board at the national level. Personnel constraints also added to the slow process of developing and implementing policies and legislation to address environmental concerns at the national and international levels.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

The use of environmentally sound technologies in production is essential for the protection of the environment. It is becoming clear that technologies that lead to less pollution save energy, use renewable resources, and recycle waste. While there is no apparent legislation to force manufacturing companies to use environmentally sound technologies, it is noteworthy that some companies, such as the can recycling plant, do protect the environment by recycling their waste products. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry encourages such efforts.

Financing  

No information available

Cooperation  

Botswana is a signatory party to the Montreal Protocol which discourages trade in electrical goods which produce chlorofluorcarbons (CFCs) that are harmful to the ozone layer. The Government, through the Department of Customs and Excise, will continue to monitor importation of such goods.

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry participates in multilateral trade negotiations which include trade related environmental concerns. At the regional level, trade liberalization issues are being addressed, including those which will impact on the environment.

The WTO has established a Committee on Trade and Environment to look at environment related trade issues and to elaborate specific standardization policies which will address concerns relating to industrial processes to reduce their impact on the environment. Such activities will contribute immensely to national policy development on environmental protection. These issues and policies will form part of the agenda of future multilateral trade negotiations. As a contracting member of the WTO, Botswana actively participates in and supports these trade negotiations and is required to ensure that her national policies reflect the aspirations of the international community on environmental issues. The agreements implemented by the WTO cover a wide range of economic sectors. These include agreements on trade in goods, services, agricultural commodities, textiles and clothing, trade related investment measures, aspects of intellectual property rights, and other trade remedies such as customs, pre-shipment inspections, and technical standards, etc.

Within the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, trade liberalization is being addressed. The intention is that the opening up of world markets for agricultural and forestry products should not impact on the environment. Likewise, industrial processes or any other similar activities should not cause damage to the Botswana environment and that of her other trading partners. A protocol on trade cooperation in the SADC was developed and signed in 1996. The protocol includes provisions to ensure the protection of the environment by all contracting parties.

* * * 

This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Botswana to the 5th and 6th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 9 February 1998.

For access to the homepage of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), with country information on economy and particularly on trade in the region, click here:

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

 

TRADE

No information available

* * * 

This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Botswana to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 9 February 1998.

For access to the homepage of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), with country information on economy and particularly on trade in the region, click here:

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

CHANGING CONSUMPTION PATTERNS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

Economic development is for the benefit of the people of Botswana who, in turn, are its main agents. On the other hand, the environment will be protected by people who have a stake in its protection. Production is based on natural and human resources. Each sector of the economy utilizes land, water, energy, and human resources in the production process. Infrastructure and Government systems facilitate the delivery of services and final products to the population for consumption. This process of production and consumption has to be directed properly so as to maximize welfare and minimize costs, including environmental costs, and to avoid degradation of the environment.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * * 

This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Botswana to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.

For information on Instruments for Change and Sustainable Production and Consumption, click here:

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

FINANCING

No information is available.

 

* * *

For information on participating States in the Global Environment Facility, click here:
For information about issues and projects in Africa from the World Bank, click here:

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

TECHNOLOGY

Transfer of Environmentally-Sound Technology

No information is available.

Biotechnology

No information is available.

Click here to link to the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service (BINAS), a service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), which monitors global developments in regulatory issues in biotechnology.
Click here to go to the Web Site of UNEP's International Register on Biosafety.
Click here for the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Biosafety WebPages

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

By and large, the establishment of the Standards Bureau will develop specific standardization policy which should address concerns relating to industrial processes to reduce their impact on the environment. Such activities should contribute immensely to the national policy on environmental protection.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

No information is available

Research and Technologies  

The use of environmentally sound technologies in production is essential for the protection of the environment. It is becoming clear that technologies that lead to less pollution save energy, use renewable resources, and recycle waste. While there is no apparent legislation to force manufacturing companies to use environmentally sound technologies, it is noteworthy that some companies, such as the can recycling plant, do protect the environment by recycling their waste products. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry encourages such efforts.

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * * 

This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Botswana to the 5th and 6th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 9 February 1998.

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

TRANSPORT

No information is available.

 

* * *

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

The Tourism Policy represents a recent example of Botswana's overall policy development to promote integrated land use planning and natural resources management.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status  

The Botswana Government recognizes tourism as the next potential engine of economic growth for the country. Currently tourism is almost entirely based on wildlife and the wilderness resource, and can occur in Wildlife Management Areas (WMA) and game ranches. Twelve of fourteen WMAs designated for commercial use are operational.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

Mapping and inventory of forested areas and their ecosystem's characteristics will be initiated during the current plan period. Information from this exercise will be used to determine the potential for the supply of timber products and other non-consumptive uses such as eco-tourism.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

No information is available

Cooperation  

No information is available

* * * 

This information was provided by the Government of the Republic of Botswana to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last Update: 1 April 1997.



| Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects |

| Botswana | All Countries | Home |