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INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN BARBADOS


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Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

Following UNCED, Barbados established the National Commission on Sustainable Development (NCSD) comprised of the following ministries: Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Ministry of Finance & Economic Affairs; Ministry of Education & Youth Affairs; Ministry of Tourism; Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development; Ministry of Environment; Community Development Officer; Town and Country Development Planning Office; National Council for Science and Technology. The following para-statal bodies, institutions and NGOs are also involved in the Council: Investment & Development Corporation; Barbados Chamber of Commerce; University of the West Indies; Coalition of Trade Unions; Barbados National Trust; Barbados Environmental Association; National Organisation of Women; Barbados Christian Council; Small Business Association of Barbados; Future Centre Trust.

The mandate of the Council is to advise Government on measures required to integrate environmental and economic considerations in decision-making processes and on global issues of sustainable development; to facilitate national level coordination mechanisms on sustainable development; to promote greater understanding and public awareness of the cultural, social economic and policy approaches to attaining sustainable development in Barbados.

A number of international agreements have called for national strategies, plans and programmes in both cross-sectoral and sectoral areas. Barbados is presently in the process of developing a comprehensive sustainable development Programme. A series of national consultations have been held , starting with sustainable development in general , then following with various sectors of importance. Based on the work of its various sub-committees, the NCSD has made recommendations to the Government on a National Sustainable Development Policy. These sub-committees were comprised of Government, NGOs, CDBs academic and research agencies.

To date administration and enforcement strengthening has been sector- specific and in accordance with the development of legislation e.g. this year legislation was developed regarding the fishing industry and training workshops were held for enforcement personnel. Draft Coastal Zone Management legislation was developed in 1997 will be enacted in 1998. Adaption and implementation of enforcement capabilities is slated for mid 1998.

The Government of Barbados, with the financial assistance of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), is executing a Project entitled, Environmental Management and Land Use Planning for Sustainable Development . The project has four specific objectives:

  1. To establish national policy priorities for natural resources management including guidelines and procedures for impact assessment for Barbados;
  2. To develop a framework for a comprehensive national information system of natural resource;
  3. To formulate an environmentally-sensitive framework and land use plan to govern land use for the next ten years;
  4. To make recommendations for the institutional strengthening of the Environmental Unit with the Ministry of Health and the Environment and the Town and Country Development Planning Office, regarding staff requirements and needs as well as a training programme for all agencies involved in environmental management.

The project addresses three areas of critical importance, including: Environmental Planning, Legislation and Management; a National Park System; and Land Use Policy and Planning. Outputs from the project are expected to include:

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

No information is available

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

No information is available

Information   

Information dissemination is of prime importance to the process both flowing in and out. There needs to be a central warehouse for environmental information with easy and ready access to all. The Government agencies with environment responsibilities are starting to this by talking to one another re. Developing libraries which are inter-connected. Preparations are under way to train staff of the Ministry of Environment in the area of information technology. There are a variety of other training courses which staff attend pertaining to all aspects of environmental management.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

See under Cooperation.


Cooperation  

The Environmental Management and Land Use Planning for Sustainable Development Project is worth BDS$1.5million and is funded through the IADB, as part of the overall Investment Sector Reform Programme (ISRP) between the Government of Barbados and the IADB.

There are a number of regional institutions which develop strategies on the environment and sustainable development, to which Barbados is party. Additionally, an interim coordinating mechanism was set up for the progress of implementation of the Barbados POA in the Caribbean region which seeks to direct and coordinate activities to be implemented at both national and regional levels.These institutions include the Association for Caribbean States (ACS), UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN/ECLAC), Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of American States (OAS).

The Government of Barbados contributes to CARICOM and the ACS as well as the Organisation of American States. It also contributes to regional NGO umbrella bodies such as the Caribbean Conservation Association (CCA) and the Caribbean Tourism Organisation (CTO). Funding for some of the regional institutions is facilitated by bilateral nd multilateral donors. Although provision has been made to ensure coverage of sustainable development issues, staffing and human resources issues has been problematic at the regional level. Additionally, financial support has been limited. Despite this, through the Interim Secretariat of the Bureau, the region has been able to make some headway with regional programmes. Funding is being sought to further additional area programmes such as indicators and economic instruments.

The need persists for high-level decision makers throughout the region to recognize the importance of sustainable development issues in general, as well as the need to make decisions, allocate resources etc. on the basis of technical advise from experts in the fields of environment and sustainable development.

National Decision-Making Structure

1. National Sustainable Development Coordination Body: YES
2. National Sustainable Development Policy: IN PRGRESS
3. National Agenda 21/other strategy for SD: NO
4. Local/Regional Agenda(s) 21: NO
5. Environmental Impact Assessment Law: IN PROGRESS
6. Major Groups involved in Sustainable Development Decision-Making: YES

National Instruments and Programmes

1. Sustainable. Dev. or environmental education incorporated into school curricula: YES
2. Sustainable Development Indicators Program: YES
3. Ecolabel Regulations: NO
4. Recycle/Reuse Programs: YES
5. Green Accounting Program: NO
6. Access to Internet: YES
7. Access to World Wide Web: YES
8. A national World Wide Web Site for Sustainable Dev. or State of the Environment: IN PROGRESS

Policies, Programmes, and Legislation

Does your country have either a policy, programme, and/or legislation consistent with Agenda 21 in:  
1. Combatting poverty: YES
2. Changing consumption and production patterns: IN PROCESS
3. Atmosphere: YES
4. Land Use Planning: YES
5. Forest and Deforestation: YES
6. Desertification and Drought: YES
7. Sustainable Mountain Development: NO
8. Sustainable Agriculture: YES
9. Biological Diversity: YES
10. Biotechnology: YES
11. Oceans and Coastal Areas: YES
12. Freshwater Management: YES
13. Toxic Chemicals: YES
14. Hazardous Wastes: YES
15. Solid Wastes: YES
16. Radioactive Wastes: NO
17. Energy: YES
18. Transport: YES
19. Sustainable Tourism: YES

* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the fifth, sixth and seventh Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: January 1999

For recommendations from the NCSD and its steering committees on the National Sustainable Development Policy, click here:

For information on the Environmental Unit in the Ministry of Health and the Environment in Barbados, click here.
For information on Environmental Law around the World, click here:

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MAJOR GROUPS

WOMEN

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women was signed on 24 July 1980 and ratified on 16 October 1980. In Barbados, the percentage of women in government was 49% in 1992 and 46% in 1996, and in parliament 8.3% in 1992 and 19% in 1996. Curricula and educational material already promote gender relevant knowledge. Policies, strategies, and plans for achievement of equality in all aspects of society and to eliminate obstacles to full participation of women in sustainable development are being drawn up. Mechanisms are in place to assess implementation and impact of development and environment policies and programmes on women.

Women are highly positioned as decision-makers. The Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Tourism, Minister of Health and Environment and the Minister of Education Culture and Youth Affairs are women. Women are also members of various committees charged with the execution of development programmes. Barbados has an active programme for the integration of women and development, directed by the Bureau of Women's Affairs. There are no barriers to education and professional development by gender; therefore, Barbados ranks among the highest in the world (UNDP rankings) in the area of the advancement of women.

Women's NGOs have received financial assistance from the Government. The Government also contributes with technical assistance, training and the loan of equipment. The Government has established a Bureau of Women's Affairs to which financial assistance is provided. This Bureau facilitates the formulation of national policy on matters affecting women, and advises the Government agencies and NGOs on matters of concern to women. The Bureau is currently involved in a project designed to address gender as a factor of development with a 1995 budget of BDS$683,723 provided jointly by the Government and the Inter-American Development Bank. Total Government disbursement to the Bureau for 1995 was BDS$297,544. The Government also provides an annual subvention of BDS$1,500 to the National Organization of Women, for human resource development, office equipment, operating expenses and projects. The Government also provides office space.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *


This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

For information on Women Watch in different countries, click here:
For information on national plans of action in the follow-up to the Beijing Conference, click here:

CHILDREN AND YOUTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

Children and youth are full participants the national sustainable development process including through the following youth fora (most important):

Programmes and Projects 

The goal set in Agenda 21, of ensuring that by year 2000 more than 50% of youth -- gender balanced -- have access to appropriate secondary education or vocational training, has been reached. Youth (age 20-24) unemployment was 33.9% in 1992 and in 1995 31.1%.

The Government supports a youth programme under the Division of Youth Affairs and Culture. The Division receives approximately BDS$10.9 million, out of which approximately BDS$3.2 is dedicated specifically to youth programmes. The Government of Barbados supports a Youth and Community Development Programme to provide leadership training and to improve community participation in the development process. With the support of the OAS (US$23,000), a Youth Business Centre has been established, promoting entrepreneurship among youth through training and advisory services.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *


This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

 

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

Not applicable to Barbados

 

* * *

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

Mechanisms exist already allowing NGOs to play their partnership role responsibly and effectively. NGO inputs are important reviewing decision making and implementation and NGOs participate in the conception, establishment and evaluation of official mechanisms to review A21 implementation.

In the agriculture sector the NGOs receive a total of BDS$65,000 (US$32,500) annually. NGOs involved in environmental and heritage conservation receive total annual subventions of BDS$450,000 (US$225,000). The Caribbean Conservation Association (CCA), a regional NGO, receives a subvention of BDS$15,000 annually, as well as office accommodation and tax concessions on equipment. The Barbados Museum and Historical Society receives an annual subvention of BDS$360,000. The Barbados National Trust receives an annual subvention of BDS$75,000. In addition, for 1995-1996, the Barbados National Trust (BNT) received BDS$600,000 for a special restoration project. The Government provides a subvention of over US$500,000 to the Barbados Family Planning Associates. The NGO Theocratic Government of His Majesty Haile Selassie I. Churchical Order of Nyahbinhi received US$6,680 for a project in sustainable agriculture from the GEF Small Grants Programme. The GEF also supported the Professional Association of Divers with US$10,000 for the installation of permanent mooring buoys for reef protection. The Future Centre Trust is recently formed NGO with particular concerns for Environment and Development

The following organizations are full members of the national sustainable development coordination mechanism:

The following major groups organizations participate in impact assessment projects at the national and local level:

Major groups' organizations such as the Tourist Development Programme, Small Business Sector (e.g. vendors), The Barbados Chamber of Commerce, Business and Industry (hoteliers) and Environmental and Heritage (NGOs) participate occasionally in the design of national sustainable development projects and policies. Major groups' organizations also occasionally participate in the implementation of national sustainable development projects. For example, concerning a Coastal Zone Management Project, the fishing community and hoteliers were involved in the implementation of pilot projects.

The Government has included representatives from major groups in its delegation to the CSD, the UN International Conference on Women in Beijing (China 1995), and the Cairo Conference on Population and Development. However, lack of funding for non-governmental representatives remains an obstacle to their greater participation in regional and international conferences.

Programmes and Projects 

No information is available.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

See under Cooperation.

Cooperation

The Government has received special assistance from the following international organizations or bilateral donors to strengthen the role and contribution of Major Groups in national Agenda 21 implementation:

Barbados collaborates with international NGOs and other international organizations of major groups in national and regional sustainable development programmes, such as the IUCN-World Conservation Union, FAO, UNICEF, UNESCO, UNDP, OAS, the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA) and the Caribbean Agriculture Research and Development Institute (CARDI). Local NGOs relate directly to their international counterparts.

The Government has developed the following new and innovative methods (including those designed in partnership with major groups' organizations), that have increased local or national major group participation in sustainable development: establishment of National Commissions (e.g. Commission on Social Development; Commission on Sustainable Development) and Task Forces to address various sectoral parameters (e.g. education, culture, environment, solid wastes management).


* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997


LOCAL AUTHORITIES

This Chapter is not applicable to Barbados.

* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997


WORKERS AND UNIONS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

Important ILO Conventions have been ratified and a tripartite grouping of Government, Unions and the private sector attend ILO conventions.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997


BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

There are governmental policies encouraging increasing the efficiency of resource use, including reuse, recycling, and reduction of waste per unit of economic output. There is an Environmental Levy which is imposed on all plastics, glass bottles, refrigerators, stoves, paper board boxes and cartons, tyres, washing machines, motor vehicles, car batteries, TV sets and mattresses. A few enterprises of various sizes have adopted sustainable development policies. The Government provides assistance to companies for export promotion and training initiatives. This assistance is provided through the Barbados Investment and Development Corporation. Total disbursements for 1995 were approximately BDS$253,000.

Individual hotels within the sector have adopted sustainable development strategies such as the recycling of solid waste, composting and energy and water conservation techniques such as solar water heaters.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.


* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNITY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

No information is available. 

Status 

There is some effort in the direction of improving exchange of knowledge and concerns between the science and technology community and the general public.. Lectures are being given to schools and youth groups. Work is being done with NGOs, e.g., Future Centre Trust. The ISO 14000 standards have been adopted by the Barbados National Standards Institute (BNSI). The BNSI involved in testing of water saving devices for showers and taps in conjunction with the Barbados Water Authority

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

 

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997

FARMERS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

No information is available.

Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects 

A farmer's Incentive/Subsidy Programme exists under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Concessions are given (after application) by the Government with respect to machines and agricultural imports. Grants and rebates are provided for initiatives such as orchard development, tractor utilization and spraying equipment. Grants for 1995 totaled over BDS$232,000. Grants are also given to non-profit organizations involved in agriculture e.g. Barbados Agricultural Society (BAS), Barbados Horticultural Society and Barbados 4H Foundation. For 1995, the grants available to such organizations were BDS$190,000.

Status 

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.  

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997



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SCIENCE

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies    

No information is available

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

The National Council for Science and Technology, within the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Business Development is responsible for decision-making in this area. The Ministry of Education plays a role in terms of curriculum and human resource development. The involvement of major stakeholders is facilitated through the normal channels, i.e. meetings, workshops and working groups where the various interests will meet and discuss issues with decision-makers.

The National Council for Science and Technology has responsibility for the coordination of Science and Technology. In addition, there are other institutions which facilitate dialogue between these sectors:

Science is incorporated in decision-making in a quasi ad-hoc manner but there is movement to centrally imbed scientific considerations within the decision-making process. In several ways, science has contributed to the formulation of policy etc. It is also being pushed in the curriculum.

A policy toward science has evolved, but it is not strictly documented. Most departments and ministries address problems, aimed at economic, social and environmental development in an ad-hoc manner.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

No information is available

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement   

No information is available

Programmes and Projects   

No information is available

Status   

The scientific community in Barbados, though comparably small, is very well respected and has the ear of decision-makers. Its contributions have been ad-hoc up to this point. However, there are clear indications that efforts are afoot to present science in a more systematic way with the efforts of the University of the West Indies (UWI), the NCST and the Barbados Academy of Academic Scientists (BAAS). Certainly, the work of eminent scientists such as Professor Oliver Headley has led to the promotion of renewable energy concepts and research in varying forms such as Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), wind and tidal energy possibilities. Much of their work is focussed on national development.

There are no projects or programmes as such to increase the contribution of science for sustainable development, though mechanism exist which can facilitate this such as the NCSD. Other mechanism include science fairs; specific projects such as the solar still project, alternative energy and tissue culture technology. In addition, efforts are being made to make a shift in the structural methodologies with regard to the teaching of science to the cultivation of the environment as a resource medium.

Challenges  

No information is available

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising   

There are no specific guidelines or legislation in this area, but government has always regarded science as an important developmental tool and has provided resources to enable training of professionals and the growth and strengthening of scientific research. In terms of guidelines, the Ministry of Education develops course syllabi to ensure training in science and is also guided by the Caribbean Examination Council for the various course offerings.

The University of the West Indies has developed programming which would facilitate the development of a cadre of scientists and researchers. A significant scientific research effort is undertaken in UWI, especially in Barbados with regard to environmental research e.g. on energy through CERMES.

Science is not regulated in domestic law but is guided by practice and tradition. The overall education regulations i.e. the Education Act , speaks to education generally and in so doing to the issue of science education.

There are no specific programmes to educate policy-makers in the concept and policy design of science for sustainable development. The Environment Division does work in collaboration with other agencies, for example, to sensitize policy-makers on the entire issue of Sustainable Development.

No organised programmes for awareness-raising are conducted. Generally these would be coordinated by the NCST as well as by various agencies with whom scientific research is part of their programme area. In addition, activities are also coordinated by the University of the West Indies, and the Associated Schools Project funded by UNESCO (which focuses on sustainability and the connection between science and SD). Further, the Science and Mathematics Integrated Learning Experience (SMILE) funded by the OAS and administered by NCST, will also build capacity and raise awareness.

Constraints

Priority constraints to implementing effective programmes to address the issues raised in this programmes area include the following:

Information   

Information for decision-making is readily available from any of the agencies involved, but there is no single repository and there is no cross-linkage of information. Types include:

Information is also available through news media, T.V. and radio programmes.

There is no national website as yet but several agencies have their own sites which speak, in part, on the issues mentioned above. The Environment Division is developing its own website which, after further development, may deal with this issue.

Barbados is part of the UN Testing Programme on Sustainable Development Indicators. Further to that, we have developed a National Indicators Programme (NIP) which seeks to define national indicators for all policy areas, including science. Presently, the programmes has reached a data collection stage in terms of trying to discover what information is available and in what format.

Research and Technologies  

No information is available

Financing  

Financing in this area has several aspects. Evidently, there is considerable government expenditure (national budget) and co-financing. In addition, some of the above-mentioned projects are funded by externals assistance from UNESCO and the OAS. Further some private sector firms have contributed and assisted with projects which would improve our technology options e.g. Barbados Light & Power co. Ltd with alternative energy research.

Cooperation  

See under Financing.

* * *

This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th, 6th and 7th Sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: January 1999

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    INFORMATION

    Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies   

    No information is available.

    Decision Making: Legislation and Regulations 

    No information is available.

    Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans  

    No information is available.

    Decision-Making: Major Groups involvement

    No information is available.

    Programmes and Projects

    No information is available. 

    Status 

    Availability of sustainable development information at the national level

    Agenda 21 Chapters

    Very good

    Good

    Some good data but many gaps

    Poor

    2. International cooperation and trade    

    x

     
    3. Combating poverty    

    x

     
    4. Changing consumption patterns    

    x

     
    5. Demographic dynamics and sustainability  

    x

       
    6. Human health  

    x

       
    7. Human settlements  

    x

       
    8. Integrating E & D in decision-making    

    x

     
    9. Protection of the atmosphere    

    x

     
    10. Integrated planning and management of land resources  

    x

       
    11. Combating deforestation        
    12. Combating desertification and drought        
    13. Sustainable mountain development        
    14. Sustainable agriculture and rural development  

    x

       
    15. Conservation of biological diversity    

    x

     
    16. Biotechnology    

    x

     
    17. Oceans, seas, coastal areas and their living resources    

    x

     
    18. Freshwater resources    

    x

     
    19. Toxic chemicals    

    x

     
    20. Hazardous wastes    

    x

     
    21. Solid wastes    

    x

     
    22. Radioactive wastes      

    x

    24. Women in sustainable development    

    x

     
    25. Children and youth  

    x

       
    26. Indigenous people      

    x

    27. Non-governmental organizations    

    x

    x

    28. Local authorities      

    x

    29. Workers and trade unions    

    x

     
    30. Business and industry  

    x

       
    31. Scientific and technological community    

    x

     
    32. Farmers    

    x

     
    33. Financial resources and mechanisms  

    x

       
    34. Technology, cooperation and capacity-building    

    x

     
    35. Science for sustainable development    

    x

     
    36. Education, public awareness and training    

    x

     
    37. International cooperation for capacity-building    

    x

     
    38. International institutional arrangements    

    x

     
    39. International legal instruments    

    x

     
    40. Information for decision-making    

    x

     

    There has been an effort to establish an overall policy for information at the national level by integrating environment and development information. The basic ground has been developed, and the research and database development was to occur in mid-1996. There is no programme yet to develop or use indicators of sustainable development, but Barbados considers the CSD process of developing such indicators and the methodologies as a good basis for a national programme.

    Primary scientific data on potable water supply and nearshore environmental quality and change are available, as are conventional parameters of economic performance and social indicators as well as land use projects. Traditional information is not generally collected or utilized. Both the Central Bank of Barbados Annual Statistical Report and the Annual Economic Report contain data fully accessible to the public. Databases with limited access include the Pesticide Control Board Database, the Coastal Conservation Project Database, and the Barbados Water Authority Database. A comprehensive database of environment and development parameters is needed as the basis for sustainable development policies. Decision-makers at the national level, institutes, researchers at universities and Major Groups are the main users of sustainable development information.

    Challenges

    No information is available.

    Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising  

    No information is available.

    Information

    No information is available.

    Research and Technologies

    No information is available.  

    Financing

    No information is available.

    Cooperation

    No information is available.


    * * *

    This information is based on Barbados's submission to the 5th Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, April 1997. Last update: 1 April 1997



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    INTERNATIONAL LAW

    No information is available.

     

    * * *



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