Click here to go to the following issues:

Economic Aspects | Natural Resource Aspects | Institutional Aspects | Social Aspects | Bahamas

SOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE BAHAMAS

Click here to go to these sections:

POVERTY

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

Decisions are taken by officials responsible for the particular areas in question. Major programmes are referred to the Cabinet for approval. Given the fact that The Bahamas is a small country with a population of approximately 260,000 inhabitants, most issues are discussed at the central level.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans

It is the objective of the Government to improve the quality of life for all nationals but, in particular, those who fall below the poverty level.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

In addition to Government's efforts, major groups working to combat poverty are various church groups, private sector organisations and women's groups.

Programmes and Projects

The Bahamas has no programmes which focus exclusively on combating poverty. However, virtually every programme formulated by The Bahamas Government has the needs of the least advantaged in mind.

The Government's objective of improving the quality of life for all nationals and in particular for the poor can be reflected in the Government's programmes to encourage investment and development to create employment opportunities, education, health care, child care, housing, and so forth.

Status

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.

Financing

As programmes are an integral part of each Ministry's work schedule, funds are provided in the annual budget by sector.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of The Bahamas to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

| Bahamas | AllCountries | Home |

DEMOGRAPHICS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission of the Office of the Prime Minister, the Ministries of Health and Environment and Social Development and the Department of Statistics are engaged in integrated policy coordination in the field of environment and development policies and population. The BEST Commission has taken steps to coordinate matters in the field of environment and sustainable development. The Ministry of Health and the Department of Statistics have conducted population programmes.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

The Government supports NGOs working in this area including The Bahamas Family Planning Association (population activities) and The Bahamas National Trust (environment).

Programmes and Projects

No information is available.

Status

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

Public information activities are undertaken to raise awareness of the linkages among population, environment and sustainable development, particularly in relationship to preparations for and follow-up to the Cairo Conference.

The Government has provided resources needed to develop capacity and provide training.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

There are no bilateral or multilateral initiatives in the area of population and sustainable development in which the Government has been involved.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of The Bahamas to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

| Bahamas | AllCountries | Home |

HEALTH

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

Contributing to the goal of providing the best health care, the Government sponsors health education programmes throughout the country addressing all matters including the means to maintain a healthy lifestyle and adopt a sound nutritional basis.

Status

Basic health care is available to all people living in The Bahamas, with treatment available for almost all illnesses and conditions. The population of The Bahamas continues to experience improvements in many areas of health. Life expectancy at birth has been steadily moving from about 60 years in the early fifties to approximately 73 years in the early nineties.

The Bahamas is an archipelagic nation where a population of approximately 260,000 is concentrated on 20 islands with over 65% living in New Providence Island which has three hospitals, eight community clinics and one satellite clinic. On the other 19 islands, there are one hospital, 49 community clinics and 53 satellite clinics.

There are approximately 430 doctors, 88 dentists, 446 registered nurses, and 450 clinical nurses in total. The hospitals (three public, two private) have a total of 1,100 beds. The public hospitals treat approximately 420,000 outpatients annually.

Those nationals living in the Family Islands who require health care may receive treatment from clinics and will be flown into New Providence for hospital care if needed. Major steps have been taken to address environmental health concerns including garbage collection and pollution.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

No information is available.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of The Bahamas to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

To access the Health for All On-Line Database (WHO): Europe and CIS countries, click here:
Click here to go to the Health and health-related statistical information from the World Health Organization.

| Bahamas | AllCountries | Home |

EDUCATION

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

The Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) encourages partnerships, mobilizes resources, provides information, assesses the needs of different population groups and prepares a National Education Strategy.

The existing MOET Committee for the national strategy on education consists of technical officers in science, the Bahamas National Trust (BNT) and the Bahamas Reef Environment Education Foundation (BREEF).

Awareness-raising is carried out by agencies such as the Departments of Agriculture and Fisheries, Environmental Health Services, the Water and Sewerage Corporation, through the curricula for Agriculture Science, General Science, Health and Family Life and Social Studies, as well as entities such as BNT, BREEF, and other private sector agencies.

Decision-Making: Legislation and Regulations

At the primary and secondary school level, school curricula have been reviewed and revised to adequately address environment and development as a cross-cutting issue. Tools for environmental education like printed material, audio visual tools and special classes, workshops, and seminars have been occasionally used at primary and secondary level.

Legislation to affirm the rights of indigenous people to play a part in education and training in environmental and development issues are being enacted.

Decision-Making: Strategies, Policies and Plans

The Bahamas has a national strategy on education. The Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission plans to work with the Ministry of Education and Training/COB to expand materials and subjects in curricula to be a permanent part of education in The Bahamas, including curricula for teachers trained at the College of the Bahamas, so that they in turn will be sensitized and committed to teaching these principles when they graduate and enter the school system.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

The Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission's Education and Public Awareness Committee consists of Commission members and a cross section of individuals from throughout the country, including women, men, NGO's and technical officers of Government agencies. They assist with the development of resource materials and teacher upgrading in schools.

Schools and universities are part of a national network addressing environment and development issues. At the national level, there is an association of NGO's, including the Bahamas National Trust (BNT), the Bahamas Reef Environmental Education Foundation (BREEF) and Friends of the Environment Conservation Groups, that provide educational upgrading for teachers and students via resource materials, workshops, field trips and assistance with science clubs.

Programmes and Projects

With regard specifically to educating the public about issues of water conservation and management, the adult popultation is targeted through The Bahamas National Water Week Activities while for school children Components of Waste Management and Water Conservation are part of the instructional programme in Bahamian schools. Other approaches have also been taken to raise awareness in local communities and to enhance their participation in planning and implementing education-related action plans. This has been done through television programmes and through community meetings and displays and exhibitions in public places. Some innovative education, public awareness or training activities related to sustainable development are a Vector Control Programme, a Solid Waste Management programme and a programme for Reef Conservation.

Status

Education is freely accessible in the Bahamas. All children are encouraged to finish high school and to go on to university if at all possible. It is mandatory for children to attend school up to the age of 16 years. Education is provided at no cost through high school and at the tertiary level for those aspiring to be teachers. Students in other fields at the tertiary level are required to pay a nominal fee. In addition to the foregoing, efforts to combat poverty are made through programmes for training and skill building in technological and vocational areas. The evening classes of educational institutions are heavily attended by young and middle aged women taking advantage of the courses offered.

At the primary and secondary school levels environmental health, sanitation, ecosystems, recycling and energy saving are dealt in part, and safe drinking water and food are dealt with fully.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

Pre-service and in-service training programmes are available for teachers, administrators, educational planners and non-formal educators in all sectors concerning the nature and methods of environmental and developing education. Environmental workshops, seminars, on-site supervision, field trips, and so forth, are conducted and facilitated by NGO's and technical officers.

Recently, a scholarship for teachers' upgrading in an environmental education workshop was granted. Funding for teacher and student attendance to the global youth forum (UNEP) and UN conferences is also given periodically.

Radio and television broadcasts and in-service workshops on environmental education for school administrators, parents and teachers are used by the Ministry of Education and Training's Committee. The BEST Committee will use Internet, television, radio and the press for public awareness and intends to co-author pamphlets and other materials which relate exclusively to the Bahamian children and the need for sustainable development to protect their heritage.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

In order to develop partnerships among educators, scientists, NGOs, industry, youth, the media and other major groups to communicate the key messages of sustainable development, the Government intends to activate the Science and Technology Resources Network, which will serve as a liaison between schools, resource persons and sites of scientific and technological interest to the community.\

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

The UN agencies have supported educational programmes on environment and sustainable development issues by providing public awareness information on environmental issues, but more UN support is needed.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of The Bahamas to the fifth and sixth sessions of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 4 June 1998.

| Bahamas | AllCountries | Home |

HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

Decision-Making: Coordinating Bodies

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Legislation and  Regulations 

No information is available.

Decision-Making: Strategies, policies and plans

There are plans for the further development of low cost housing throughout the most heavily populated areas of New Providence.

Decision-Making: Major Groups Involvement

No information is available.

Programmes and Projects

The Bahamas has continued its efforts to provide reasonable housing for its population. On the Island of New Providence, where over 65% of the population lives, there has been a number of low-cost housing projects. In 1996, the Government completed 184 houses in Phase C of the Flamingo Gardens and Faith Avenue Subdivision and the Cox Street Housing Development. Work is still ongoing on 89 houses in the Jasmine Gardens and Tall Pines Estates and construction of 442 houses is to commence in the first quarter of 1997 in Emerald Gardens, Pastel Gardens and Olive Gardens.

Status

No information is available.

Challenges

No information is available.

Capacity-building, Education, Training and Awareness-raising

No information is available.

Information

No information is available.

Research and Technologies

A Family-Island Infrastructure Study is proposed for 1997. It will include an inventory of existing infrastructure facilities and identify priority infrastructure projects in support of environmentally sound economic activities in islands in The Bahamas archipelago.

Financing

No information is available.

Cooperation

No information is available.

 

* * *

This information was provided by the Government of The Bahamas to the fifth session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. Last update: 1 April 1997.

Click here to access "Best Practices for Human Settlements in Central America"

For information related to human settlements and refugees, you may access the UNHCR Country Index by clicking here:


| Natural Resource Aspects | InstitutionalAspects | Economic Aspects |

| Bahamas | AllCountries | Home |