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Beyond 2015. The Post-2015 UN Development Agenda

The Challenge: Hunger can be eliminated in our lifetimes

Hunger can be eliminated in our lifetimes

This requires comprehensive efforts to ensure that every man, woman and child enjoy their Right to Adequate Food; women are empowered; priority is given to family farming; and food systems everywhere are sustainable and resilient. Launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2012, the Zero Hunger Challenge is his personal vision of a world without hunger – a global call to action.

The challenge of Zero Hunger means:

Zero stunted children less than 2 years

100% access to adequate food all year round

All food systems are sustainable

100% increase in smallholder productivity and income

Zero loss or waste of food

Taken together, these five elements can help us build a world with zero hunger.

Eliminating hunger involves investments in agriculture, rural development, decent work, social protection and equality of opportunity. It will make a major contribution to peace and stability and to the reduction of poverty. It will contribute to better nutrition for all – especially women from the beginning of pregnancy and children under the age of two. The United Nations Secretary-General gives top priority to the elimination of hunger. He appreciates the bold leadership by many from governments, the UN System, civil society, business, labour unions, consumer groups and the scientific community. They succeed through working together.

The Zero Hunger Challenge encourages participation by a range of organizations, social movements and people around a common vision. They promote effective strategies, more investments and increased development cooperation, in line with existing national and international agreements. They strive for results and are accountable for their efforts – particularly to those who are hungry.

The UN Secretary-General encourages all partners to scale up their efforts and turn the vision of an end to hunger into a reality. What does this mean?

 

Zero stunted children less than 2 years

Ensuring universal access to nutritious food in the 1000-day window of opportunity between the start of pregnancy and a child’s second birthday, supported by nutrition-sensitive health care, water, sanitation, education and specific nutrition interventions, coupled with initiatives that enable empowerment of women, as encouraged within the Movement for Scaling Up Nutrition.

100% access to adequate food all year round

Enabling all people to access the food they need at all times through nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food systems, marketing, decent and productive employment, a social protection floor, targeted safety nets and food assistance; boosting food supply from local producers; through open, fair and well-functioning markets and trade policies at local, regional and international level, preventing excessive food price volatility.

All food systems are sustainable

Ensuring that all farmers, agribusinesses, cooperatives, governments, unions and civil society establish standards for sustainability; verifying their observance and being accountable for them; encouraging and rewarding universal adoption of sustainable and climate-resilient agriculture practices; pursuing cross-sectoral policy coherence (encompassing energy, land use, water and climate); implementing responsible governance of land, fisheries and forests.

100% increase in smallholder productivity and income

Reducing rural poverty and improving wellbeing through encouraging decent work, and increasing smallholders’ income; empowering women, small farmers, fishers, pastoralists, young people, farmer organizations, indigenous people and their communities; supporting agricultural research and innovation; improving land tenure, access to assets and to natural resources, making sure that all investments in agriculture and value chains are responsible and accountable; developing multidimensional indicators for people’s resilience and wellbeing.

Zero loss or waste of food

Minimizing food losses during storage and transport, and waste of food by retailers and consumers; empowering consumer choice through appropriate labeling; commitments by producers, retailers and consumers within all nations; achieving progress through financial incentives, collective pledges, locally-relevant technologies and changed behavior.

Zero Hunger and the Sustainable Development Goals

The new framework: Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is composed of 17 goals and 169 targets to wipe out poverty, fight inequality and tackle climate change over the next 15 years. The Goals aim to build on the work of the historic Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which in September 2000, rallied the world around a common 15-year agenda to tackle the indignity of poverty.

Key to the success of the 2030 Agenda, and to the 17 global goals, will be the concept and practice of integration. The successful achievement of the new sustainable development will lie in an integrated, holistic approach to its implementation.

The Secretary-General’s Zero Hunger Challenge has championed just such an integrated approach. It calls on all stakeholders to work together in an integrated manner, and recognizes that Zero Hunger can only be achieved if all elements are taken together: zero stunting and good nutrition, and access to adequate food for everyone at all times; sustainable, inclusive and resilient food systems, with no loss or waste of food; and support for smallholders, especially women and young people.

The 2030 Agenda is people-centered and principle-driven, calling for cooperation between all stakeholders to create measurable impact for those on the ground.

The member-states have responded to the Secretary-General’s Challenge by making zero hunger integral to the 2030 Agenda. Goal 2 – “Zero Hunger” – calls upon member states to “End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.” It includes targets on stunting, access, agricultural productivity and income for smallholders and women, and sustainable food systems. Goal 12 calls on member states to “Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns” and includes a target on global food waste and loss.

Zero Hunger can be achieved by tackling food insecurity and malnutrition while promoting sustainable agriculture and food systems – but it cannot be achieved alone. The 2030 Agenda recognizes that only by recognizing the interconnected root causes of poverty and hunger can we end them forever. We cannot claim success if any goal is unmet, or if any country or person is left behind. We must recognize, and work together to address, the links between, food, climate, nutrition, health, poverty, and planet. Each goal can only be achieved in the company of the others.

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