Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture
It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food.
If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting people-centred rural development and protecting the environment.
But right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of opportunities.
A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish today’s 925 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050.
The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has launched a Zero Hunger Challenge, inviting all nations to be boldly ambitious as they work for a future where no one goes hungry. The Zero Hunger Challenge has five objectives:
- 100% access to adequate food all year round.
- Zero stunted children under 2 years, no more malnutrition in pregnancy and early childhood.
- All food systems are sustainable.
- 100% growth in smallholder productivity and income, particularly for women.
- Zero loss or waste of food, including responsible consumption.
- Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world, providing livelihoods for 40 per cent of today’s global population. It is the largest source of income and jobs for poor rural households.
- 500 million small farms worldwide, most still rainfed, provide up to 80 per cent of food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to increase food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.
- Since the 1900s, some 75 per cent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields. Better use of agricultural biodiversity can contribute to more nutritious diets, enhanced livelihoods for farming communities and more resilient and sustainable farming systems.
- 1.3 billion people have no access to electricity worldwide - most of which live in rural areas of the developing world. Energy poverty in many regions is a fundamental barrier to reducing hunger and ensuring that the world can produce enough food to meet future demand.
- A Pest That Knows No Borders (IAEA, Europe)
- African Leafy Vegetables (Bioversity International)
- Agriculture key to addressing future water and energy needs (FAO)
- Cereal Banks Change Women's Lives in Niger (WFP)
- Chile's Blueberries Bloom (IAEA, Latin America)
- Conservation farming in Zimbabwe (IFAD)
- Contributing to a rinderpest-free world: how nuclear techniques have helped to eradicate a deadly cattle disease (IAEA, global)
- Crop Wild Relatives (Bioversity International)
- Extracting Fertilizer from a Clear Blue Sky (IAEA, Latin America)
- Fewer pesticides and higher yields and incomes (FAO)
- Global Fight to Preserve Daily Bread (IAEA, global)
- Green Growth in West Africa (IFAD)
- Green investments in the marine sector can bring tide of economic and social benefits (FAO)
- Helping farmers face drought (FAO)
- Helping nomadic families prepare for a complex future in Mongolia (IFAD)
- Homespun Response to Malnutrition Deployed in Pakistan (WFP)
- Mozambique: Better seeds for better crops (FAO)
- Philippines: Cage Project a Boon for Returnee Fishermen (WFP)
- Protecting forests to preserve livelihoods (FAO)
- Saving the Source of Chocolate (IAEA, Africa)
- Rehabilitating the Syrian steppe (IFAD)
- Rice Mutation Breeding in China (IAEA, Asia)
- Rwanda: Selling to WFP only the Beginning (WFP)
- Sustainable Forest Management in Mexico (IFAD)
- Villages in Cameroon Find Solution to Yearly Hunger Season (WFP)
- IAEA: The Road to Rio+20, Applying Nuclear Technology for Sustainable Development
- IFAD: Feed the world, protect the planet
- Bioversity International
- World Food Programme
Do you have a vision of a world where everyone can get the food they need? Do you want to know what others are doing to ensure nutrition for all?
Then join the global conversation and connect on Twitter using #futurewewant