UN Charter

UN Charter (full text)

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

  • to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
  • to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and

Introductory Note

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

Chapter XIX

CHAPTER XIX: RATIFICATION AND SIGNATURE

 

Article 110

  1. The present Charter shall be ratified by the signatory states in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.
  2. The ratifications shall be deposited with the Government of the United States of America, which shall notify all the signatory states of each deposit as well as the Secretary-General of the Organization when he has been appointed.

Chapter XVIII

CHAPTER XVIII: AMENDMENTS

 

Article 108

Amendments to the present Charter shall come into force for all Members of the United Nations when they have been adopted by a vote of two thirds of the members of the General Assembly and ratified in accordance with their respective constitutional processes by two thirds of the Members of the United Nations, including all the permanent members of the Security Council.

Chapter XVII

CHAPTER XVII: TRANSITIONAL SECURITY ARRANGEMENTS

 

Chapter XVI

CHAPTER XVI: MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

Article 102

  1. Every treaty and every international agreement entered into by any Member of the United Nations after the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as possible be registered with the Secretariat and published by it.
  2. No party to any such treaty or international agreement which has not been registered in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of the United Nations.

Chapter XV

CHAPTER XV: THE SECRETARIAT

 

Article 97

The Secretariat shall comprise a Secretary-General and such staff as the Organization may require. The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization.

Chapter XIV

CHAPTER XIV: THE INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE

 

Article 92

The International Court of Justice shall be the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It shall function in accordance with the annexed Statute, which is based upon the Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice and forms an integral part of the present Charter.

Chapter XIII

CHAPTER XIII: THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

 

COMPOSITION

Article 86

   1 The Trusteeship Council shall consist of the following Members of the United Nations:

          a. those Members administering trust territories;

          b. such of those Members mentioned by name in Article 23 as are not administering trust territories; and

Chapter XII

CHAPTER XII: INTERNATIONAL TRUSTEESHIP SYSTEM

 

Article 75

The United Nations shall establish under its authority an international trusteeship system for the administration and supervision of such territories as may be placed thereunder by subsequent individual agreements. These territories are hereinafter referred to as trust territories.

Article 76

The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in accordance with the Purposes of the United Nations laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall be:

Chapter XI

CHAPTER XI: DECLARATION REGARDING NON-SELF-GOVERNING TERRITORIES

 

Article 73

Chapter X

CHAPTER X: THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL

 

Chapter IX

CHAPTER IX: INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CO-OPERATION

 

Article 55

With a view to the creation of conditions of stability and well-being which are necessary for peaceful and friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, the United Nations shall promote:

  a. higher standards of living, full employment, and conditions of economic and social progress and development;

Chapter VIII

CHAPTER VIII: REGIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

 

Article 52

  1. Nothing in the present Charter precludes the existence of regional arrangements or agencies for dealing with such matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security as are appropriate for regional action provided that such arrangements or agencies and their activities are consistent with the Purposes and Principles of the United Nations.

Chapter VII

CHAPTER VII: ACTION WITH RESPECT TO THREATS TO THE PEACE, BREACHES OF THE PEACE, AND ACTS OF AGGRESSION

 

Article 39

The Security Council shall determine the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression and shall make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken in accordance with Articles 41 and 42, to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Chapter VI

CHAPTER VI: PACIFIC SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES

 

Article 33

  1. The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
  2. The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.

Chapter V

CHAPTER V: THE SECURITY COUNCIL

 

Chapter IV

CHAPTER IV: THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

 
COMPOSITION

Article 9

  1. The General Assembly shall consist of all the Members of the United Nations.
  2. Each Member shall have not more than five representatives in the General Assembly.
 
FUNCTIONS and POWERS

Article 10

Chapter III

CHAPTER III: ORGANS

 

Article 7

  1. There are established as principal organs of the United Nations: a General Assembly, a Security Council, an Economic and Social Council, a Trusteeship Council, an International Court of Justice and a Secretariat.
  2. Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the present Charter.

Article 8

Chapter II

CHAPTER II: MEMBERSHIP

 

Article 3

The original Members of the United Nations shall be the states which, having participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, or having previously signed the Declaration by United Nations of 1 January 1942, sign the present Charter and ratify it in accordance with Article 110.

Chapter I

CHAPTER I: PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES

 

Article 1

The Purposes of the United Nations are:

Preamble

WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONS DETERMINED

  • to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
  • to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
  • to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
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