Political Missions and Offices
The Security Council has established a wide variety of organs to support its political work, including through supporting peace processes or conflict prevention efforts. Below is a list of all the political missions and integrated and regional offices established by the Security Council, with a short description prepared on the basis of the content of the Repertoire, as well as links to the sections covering them in the Repertoire. They are organized by region, and then under relevant areas or subregions, placed chronologically starting with those established most recently. See also Peacebuilding offices, which are also considered political offices. For more information on Political Missions, please visit the Department of Political Affairs website
United Nations Mission in Angola (UNMA)
UNMA was established on 15 August 2002 as a follow-on mission for the United Nations Office in Angola (UNOA) to assist the parties to conclude the Lusaka Protocol and assist the Government of Angola in the areas of human rights, economic recovery and development.
United Nations Office in Angola (UNOA)
UNOA was established on 15 October 1999, to liaise with the political, military, police and other civilian authorities, with a view to exploring effective measures for restoring peace, assisting the Angolan people in the area of capacity-building, humanitarian assistance, the promotion of human rights, and coordinating other activities.
United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB)
BINUB was established on 25 October 2006, to support the Government of Burundi in its effort towards long-term peace and stability throughout the peace consolidation phase, including by ensuring coherence and coordination of the United Nations agencies in Burundi.
United Nations Office in Burundi (UNOB)
UNOB was established in November 1993, to facilitate the restoration of constitutional rule in Burundi through the implementation of the Arusha Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation and subsequent ceasefire agreements. The mandate of ONUB was successfully concluded on 31 December 2006.
United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire (MINUCI)
MINUCI was established on 13 May 2003 to facilitate the implementation by Côte d’Ivoire and the tebel groups of the Linas-Marcoussis Agreement following the cessation of the Ivorian Civil War. MINUCI was terminated on 4 April 2004 and was succeeded by the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI).
United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL)
UNIOSIL was established on 31 August 2005, to assist the Government of Sierra Leone in, among other things: building the capacity of State institutions to develop and implement a strategy for addressing the root causes of the conflict and accelerate progress towards the Millennium Development Goals; establishing a national human rights commission; enhancing good governance, transparency and accountability; building the capacity of the National Electoral Commission to conduct a free, fair and credible electoral process in 2007; and strengthening the security sector. It was succeed by the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Sierra Leone (UNIPSIL)
The United Nations Political Office for Somalia (UNPOS)
UNPOS was established on 15 April 1995, to assist the Secretary-General in advancing the cause of peace and reconciliation through contacts with Somali leaders, civic organizations and the states and organizations concerned.
United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA)
UNOWA was established in November 2001, to better address the cross-border impact of conflict in West Africa and harmonize United Nations activities in the sub region, UNOWA is focused on a number of priorities: encouraging recovery efforts in countries affected by crisis, consolidating good governance and the rule of law, promoting human rights and gender mainstreaming, and raising awareness of the imperative need for economic growth and the fair distribution of wealth.
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
UNAMA was established on 28 March 2002 to provide political and strategic advice for the peace process, to promote international engagement in the country, to assist the Government of Afghanistan towards implementing the Afghanistan Compact of 2006 and to contribute to the protection and promotion of human rights.
The United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA)
UNRCCA is a special political mission of the United Nations Organization established at the initiative of the governments of the five Central Asian countries. While initiating this proposal, the Governments took into consideration the multiple threats that face Central Asia, including international terrorism and extremism, drug trafficking, organized crime and environmental degradation.
UNMIN was established on 23 January 2007 at the request of the Government of Nepal to assist in creating a free and fair atmosphere for the election of the Constituent Assembly as well as to facilitate the peace process between the Army of Nepal and the Army of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
United Nations Observer Mission in Bougainville (UNOMB)
UNOMB was established on 23 December 2003 for six months, as a follow-on from the United Nations Political Office in Bougainville (UNPOB). UNOMB was tasked to finish the residual tasks of UNPOB and support the efforts of the parties in the transitional period leading to the elections as well as assess whether the level of security in Bougainville was conducive to the holding of elections, in accordance with the amended Constitution of Papua New Guinea.
United Nations Political Office in Bougainville (UNPOB)
UNPOB was established in August 1998, following the ceasefire and the signing of the Lincoln Agreement in January 1998 between the Government of Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville parties to the conflict. UNPOB was mandated to monitor the implementation of the Lincoln and Arawa Agreements, including the activities of the Peace Monitoring Group, in relation to its mandate.
United Nations Office in Timor-Leste (UNOTIL)
UNOTIL was established on 28 April 2005, as a follow-on political mission to the United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET). UNOTIL was mandated to support the development of critical State institutions, to support further development of the police and of the Border Patrol Unit, to provide training in observance of democratic governance and human rights and to monitor and review progress of the above tasks. UNOTIL’s mandate expired on 25 August 2006, when it was replaced by the United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT).
United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET)
UNAMET was established on 31 August 1999, to organize and conduct a popular, direct, and universal ballot in order to ascertain whether the East Timorese people accepted the proposed constitutional framework providing for a special autonomy for East Timor within the unitary Republic of Indonesia or rejected the proposed special autonomy for East Timor, leading to East Timor’s separation from Indonesia, in accordance with the General Agreement of 5 May 19999 reached by the Governments of Indonesia and Portugal and the United Nations. The establishment of the peacekeeping operation, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) on 22 October 1999 marked the termination of UNAMET.
United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)
UNAMI was established on 14 August 2003 to coordinate among UN and international agencies engaged in humanitarian assistance and reconstruction activities in Iraq and to advance efforts to restore and establish national and local institutions.