United Nations Security Council Resolution 1373 (2001)

Directory of International Best Practices, Codes and Standards

To facilitate their implementation of resolution 1373 (2001), UN Member States are encouraged to use any of the best practices, codes and standards listed in the directory below, taking into account their own circumstances and needs. This directory is by no means exhaustive; it will be updated by the Committee regularly in order to keep pace with new developments. For questions and clarifications on the materials listed here, please contact the originating organizations. This will ensure an accurate interpretation and application of the recommended best practices, codes and standards.

The directory is organized according to the paragraphs of the resolution:

Paragraph 1 | Paragraph 2 | Paragraph 3

 

Paragraph 1.
  Organization Best Practice

1(a) Prevent and suppress the financing of terrorist acts;

a. Criminalization of financing of terrorism and associated money laundering

  United Nations
  UNODC
  FATF

b. Freezing and confiscation of terrorist assets, provisional measures and confiscation

  FATF
  Interpol

Interpol Summary of Best Practices
  UNODC
  European Union

c. Prevention measures to be taken by financial institutions and non-financial businesses and professions

  FATF
  Bank for International Settlements: Basel Committee on Banking Supervision
  International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS)
  International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO)
  UNODC

d. Institutional and other measures necessary in systems for combating money laundering and terrorist financing

  FATF
  INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

e. Cross-border control of the movement of cash and other monetary instruments

  FATF
  WCO
 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism 

1(b) Criminalize the wilful provision or collection, by any means, directly or indirectly, of funds by their nationals or in their territories with the intention that the funds should be used, or in the knowledge that they are to be used, in order to carry out terrorist acts;

   

1(c) Freeze without delay funds and other financial assets or economic resources of persons who commit, or attempt to commit, terrorist acts or participate in or facilitate the commission of terrorist acts; of entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons; and of persons and entities acting on behalf of, or at the direction of such persons and entities, including funds derived or generated from property owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons and associated persons and entities;

  INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

   

1(d) Prohibit their nationals or any persons and entities within their territories from making any funds, financial assets or economic resources or financial or other related services available, directly or indirectly, for the benefit of persons who commit or attempt to commit or facilitate or participate in the commission of terrorist acts, of entities owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by such persons and of persons and entities acting on behalf of or at the direction of such persons;

   

 

Paragraph 2.
  Organization Best Practice

2(a) Refrain from providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons involved in terrorist acts, including by suppressing recruitment of members of terrorist groups…

Criminalisation of recruitment of members of terrorist groups

 

European Union

Council of Europe

2(a) …and eliminating the supply of weapons to terrorists;

a. Legislation to control arms and explosives: legal and administrative measures to control arms and explosives at the national level in order to eliminate the supply of weapons to terrorists, including greater security and enhanced controls of arms to be used in connection with terrorist activities

  UNODC
  UNODA
 

UNDP

UNODA

UNIDIR

SAS

 

UNODA

SAS

  OAS

b. Import/export controls for arms and explosives

  UNODA
 

ICAO

  UNODC
 

UNDP

UNODA

UNIDIR

SAS

  Wassenaar Arrangement
  OSCE
  OAS
  Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

c. Existence of control programmes to detect and prevent the smuggling of weapons

  WCO
  Wassenaar Arrangement
 

INTERPOL

d. Legal and administrative measures to control arms and explosives in order to eliminate the supply of weapons to terrorists, including greater security and enhanced controls of arms to be used in connection with terrorist activities

  UNODC

At the national level:

 

UNDP

UNODA

UNIDIR

SAS

  UNODC
  OSCE
 

INTERPOL

At the regional level:

 

UNDP

UNODA

UNIDIR

SAS

  UNODC
  APEC
  • 2005: APEC Guidelines on Control and Security of MANPADS
  OSCE
  OAS
  ANDEAN Community
  ECOWAS
  European Commission
  • European Weapons Directive (Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons)
  League of Arab States
  Oceania Customs Organization
  • The Nadi Framework. 2000. In Legal Framework for a Common Approach to Weapons Control. Produced by the South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference and the Oceania Customs Organization. Nadi, Fiji, 10 March.
  Regional Center on Small Arms
  • Nairobi Protocol (Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa)
  Southern African Development Community (SADC)
  • SADC Firearms Protocol (Protocol on the Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in the Southern African Development Community Region)

At the global level:

 

UNDP

UNODA

UNIDIR

SAS

  UNODC
  INTERPOL


2(b) Take the necessary steps to prevent the commission of terrorist acts…,

Counter-terrorism measures managed by appropriate agencies

  United Nations
  • UN Guidelines and Norms on Criminal Justice - Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, 1979 [English][Arabic]
    Adopted by General Assembly resolution 34/169 of 17 December 1979.
    (http://www.pogar.org/themes/ruleoflaw/guidelines/police-codeconduct79e.html)
    • Report of the Secretary General on United Nations standards and norms in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice (E/CN.15/1996/16): pdf versions in English, French and Spanish
    • Addendum to the report of the Secretary-General: use and application of the Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, together with the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials (E/CN.15/1996/16/Add.2): pdf versions in English and Spanish.
  • Compendium of United Nations Standards and norms in crime Prevention and Criminal justice
  UNODC
  • Technical Assistance Working Paper On Preventing Terrorist Acts: A Criminal Justice Strategy Integrating Rule Of Law Standards In Implementation Of United Nations Anti-Terrorism Instruments
  INTERPOL
  European Union
  Southeast European Cooperative Iinitiative (SECI)
  • Regional center for combating trans-border crime
    (support to the national customs and law enforcement agencies by offering a trusty environment for information sharing, knowledge development, joint planning and common action in the field of trans-border crime.)
  WCO
 

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms located on the Continental Shelf

Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation

  International Labour Organization (ILO) and IMO
 

ICAO

Convention on International Civil Aviation (“Chicago Convention”)

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, 16 December 1970

Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, 23 September 1971

Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, 23 September 1971

Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection, 1 March 1991

  • Annex 17 - Security Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference (Eight edition)
    • Chapter 1: Definitions
    • Chapter 2: General principles
    • Chapter 3: Organization
    • Chapter 4: Preventive security measures
    • Chapter 5: Management of response to acts of unlawful interference
  • Oversight Manual, Part C The Establishment and Management of a State’s Aviation Security Oversight System.Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference (Doc 8973 — Restricted); Please contact avsec@icao.int for information.
  • Manual on the Implementation of the Security Provisions of Annex 6 (Doc 9811 — Restricted)
  • Aerodrome Design Manual (Doc 9157);
  • Aircraft Operations (Doc 8168);
  • Airport Planning Manual (Doc 9184);
  • Guidance Material on the Legal Aspects of Unruly/Disruptive Passengers (Cir 288);
  • Human Factors in Civil Aviation Security Operations (Doc 9808);
  • Human Factors Training Manual (Doc 9683);
  • ICAO Policies on Charges for Airports and Air Navigation Services (Doc 9082);
  • Training Manual (Doc 7192)
  NATO
  • Innovative technology and capabilities that address the threat.
    • The Defense against Terrorism Programme of Work.
    • Initiatives to counter chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN)
    • Cyber defense.
    • Improved intelligence-sharing.
    • The Economic and Financial Dimension of Terrorism.
    • Science cooperation
  •  A network of close cooperation with partners
    • The Partnership Action Plan against Terrorism (PAP-T)
    • Deepening relations to combat terrorism
    • Creating new links
    • Increasing cooperation with other international organizations

2(b) …including by provision of early warning to other States by exchange of information;

Arrangements in place for early warning with other States

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism
  • Interpol Major Event Support Team (IMEST). See: INTERPOL'S "Best Practices in Combatting Terrorism" (page 10)
    (To help member countries plan for prevention of attacks and/or disruptive action during major events)
  CICTE/OAS
  European Union
  Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
  • Regional center for combating trans-border crime
    (Support to the national customs and law enforcement agencies by offering a trusty environment for information sharing, knowledge development, joint planning and common action in the field of trans-border crime.) 
 

IMO

1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)

  • SOLAS Chapter XI-2 “Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security”
    • Regulation XI-2/2 – International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, Parts A (Mandatory requirements) and B (Guidance regarding Part A)
    • Regulation XI-2/3 – Security levels
    • Regulation XI-2/7 – Threats to ships
    • Regulation XI-2/13 – Communication of information (information displayed in IMO ISPS Code database, part of the GISIS system, http://gisis.imo.org or www.imo.org) Other standards to be determined
 

ICAO

Convention on International Civil Aviation (“Chicago Convention”)

  • Annex 17 Security: Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference (Eighth Edition, 2006)
    • Chapter 2: General principles
      • 2.4: International cooperation
    • Chapter 5: Management of response to acts of unlawful interference
  WCO

2(c) Deny safe haven to those who finance, plan, support, or commit terrorist acts, or provide safe havens;

a. Legislation to criminalise the provision of safe havens to terrorists

b. Screening procedures to identify terrorists prior to granting any form of residency

c. Measures to criminalise and reduce illegal immigration

  CICTE/OAS

2(d) Prevent those who finance, plan, facilitate or commit terrorist acts from using their respective territories for those purposes against other States or their citizens;

Prohibition of use of territory to commit or prepare terrorist acts against other states or their citizens

 

Commonwealth Secretariat

2(e) Ensure that any person who participates in the financing, planning, preparation or perpetration of terrorist acts or in supporting terrorist acts is brought to justice and ensure that, in addition to any other measures against them, such terrorist acts are established as serious criminal offences in domestic laws and regulations and that the punishment duly reflects the seriousness of such terrorist acts;

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

  UNODC
  • Digest of Terrorist Cases

a. Codification of terrorist offences, as stipulated in international counter-terrorism instruments, in domestic criminal law

  UNODC
  • See 1(a)
  • UNODC/TPB Model Legislative Provisions against Terrorism, Chapter 2, Offences
  • UNODC Legislative Guide To The Universal Anti-Terrorism Conventions And Protocols
  • UNODC/TPB Legislative Database
 

Commonwealth Secretariat

 

Witness protection

  UNODC
 

COE

  • Council of Europe Recommendation Rec(2005)9 on the protection of witnesses and collaborators of justice

b. Criminal procedures and accompanying safeguards applicable to terrorism-related cases

 

  UNODC
 

COE

  • Council of Europe Recommendation Rec(2005)10 of the Committee of Ministers on “special investigative techniques” in relation to serious crimes including acts of terrorism
  • Council of Europe Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on human rights and the fight against terrorism
  UN

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948

Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, 9 December 1988

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 9 December 1975

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 10 December 1984

Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, 17 December 1979

Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions, 24 May 1989

Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, 18 December 1992

c. Jurisdiction of courts extends to acts committed outside a State’s territory whether by its nationals or by foreign nationals presently in the State

  UNODC
 

Commonwealth Secretariat

2(f) Afford one another the greatest measure of assistance in connection with criminal investigations or criminal proceedings relating to the financing or support of terrorist acts, including assistance in obtaining evidence in their possession necessary for the proceedings;

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

Domestic provisions for extradition and / or mutual legal assistance, including transfer of criminal proceedings
  See 1(a) and 3(b)

See 1(a) and 3(b)

2(g) Prevent the movement of terrorists or terrorist groups by effective border controls…

a. Effective controls on the cross-border movement of persons and their property (issues dealing with immigration and movement of travellers’ goods/baggage), including procedures for identifying illegal immigrants

 

WCO

International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs Procedures (Revised Kyoto Convention)

  Revised Kyoto Convention General Annex Guidelines
  UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme
  Customs Convention on Containers 1972
  • Customs Convention on Containers 1972
 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

 

ICAO

Convention on International Civil Aviation (“Chicago Convention")

 

CICTE/OAS

  European Union
  Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
  • Regional center for combating trans-border crime
     (Support to the national customs and law enforcement agencies by offering a trusty environment for information sharing, knowledge development, joint planning and common action in the field of trans-border crime.)  Liaison and contact officers networks, http://www.secicenter.org/
  The Canada-USA Transportation Border Working Group (TBWG)
  • The Canada-USA Transportation Border working (TBWG)
    (To facilitate the safe, secure, efficient, and environmentally responsible movement of people and goods across the Canada-U.S. border. The TBWG brings together multiple transportation and border agencies, and other organizations, to coordinate transportation planning, policy implementation, and the deployment of technology to enhance border infrastructure and operations. As such, this forum fosters on-going communication, information sharing, and the exchange of best practices to improve the transportation and the safety and security systems that connect the two countries.)

b. Availability of passenger information permitting risk analysis

  WCO/ ICAO/ International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  WCO
  ICAO

2(g) …and controls on issuance of identity papers and travel documents, and through measures for preventing counterfeiting, forgery or fraudulent use of identity papers and travel documents;

a. Controls on the issuance of identity and travel documents

 

ICAO

Other organizations to be determined

Other standards to be determined

b. Measures to prevent counterfeiting, forgery or fraudulent use of identity papers and travel documents

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

 

Paragraph 3.
  Organization Best Practice

3(a) Find ways of intensifying and accelerating the exchange of operational information, especially regarding actions or movements of terrorist persons or networks; forged or falsified travel documents; traffic in arms, explosives or sensitive materials; use of communications technologies by terrorist groups; and the threat posed by the possession of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist groups;

Procedures for exchange of information on movement of terrorists, forgery and falsification of travel documents, arms trafficking, use of communication technologies, and terrorist threats related to WMD

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

  European Union
  Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
  • Regional center for combating trans-border crime
    (Support to the national customs and law enforcement agencies by offering a trusty environment for information sharing, knowledge development, joint planning and common action in the field of trans-border crime.)  Liaison and contact officers networks, http://
  UNODC
  UNDP
 

ICAO

Convention on International Civil Aviation (“Chicago Convention)

  WCO

3(b) Exchange information in accordance with international and domestic law and cooperate on administrative and judicial matters to prevent the commission of terrorist acts;

a. Extradition treaties

  United Nations
  UNODC

b. Mutual assistance in criminal matters

  United Nations
  UNODC
  Eurojust
  • Eurojust manual on joint investigative teams

c. Extradition and mutual assistance

  UNODC
  Commonwealth Secretariat
  Rabat Declaration, French-speaking African Countries
  • Rabat Declaration, Annex Convention on Extradition and Mutual Legal Assistance in Counter-terrorism (A/62/939, S/2008/567)

 

INTERPOL

Interpol ‘Best Practices’ in Combatting Terrorism

d. Mutual assistance

   

3(c) Cooperate, particularly through bilateral and multilateral arrangements and agreements, to prevent and suppress terrorist attacks and take action against perpetrators of such acts;

a. Existence of bilateral and multilateral cooperation instruments and agreements: mutual assistance in customs matters

 

WCO

  ICAO
  • Modal clause on aviation security, Council resolution of 25 June 1986
  • Bilateral or regional modal agreement of aviation security, Council resolution of 30 June 1989

b. Existence of bilateral and multilateral cooperation instruments and agreements: multilateral cooperation on maritime security

  EMSA
  • Directive 2009/45/EC on safety rules and standards for passenger ships (Text with EEA relevance).
  • Regulation 391/2009/EC on common rules and standards for ship inspection and survey organisations (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Regulation 392/2009/EC on the liability of carriers of passengers by sea in the event of accidents (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Directive 2009/17/EC -- Amending Directive 2002/59/EC. The purpose of this Directive was to make a number of amendments in order to improve and extend the original, including: facilitating the implementation and operation of SafeSeaNet in a uniform way across Europe, establishing European LRIT data centre, and extending the Directive to fishing vessels over 15m long.
  • Directive 2009/20/EC on the insurance of shipowners for maritime claims (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Directive 2009/21/EC on compliance with flag State requirements (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Directive 2009/15/EC on common rules and standards for ship inspection and survey organisations and for the relevant activities of maritime administrations (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Directive 2009/18/EC establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector and amending Council Directive 1999/35/EC and Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Also known as Accident Investigation Directive (Third Maritime Package)
  • Directive 2009/16/EC Directive 2009/16/EC on Port State Control was implemented on 1 January 2011. Its provisions have entered into force on 17 June 2009. Detentions and Preventions of Operation which occurred after that date were taken into account for the refusal of access.
  • Directive 2008/106/EC on the minimum level of training of seafarers (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Regulation 324/2008/EC laying down revised procedures for conducting Commission inspections in the field of maritime security (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Regulation 336/2006/EC on the implementation of the International Safety Management Code within the Community and repealing Council Regulation (EC) 3051/95
  • Regulation 725/2004/EC on enhancing ship and port facility security (Text with EEA relevance)
  • Directive 2003/24/EC amending Council Directive 98/18/EC on safety rules and standards for passenger ships
 

IMO

1974 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS)

  • SOLAS Chapter XI-2 “Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security”
    • Regulation XI-2/2 – International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, Parts A (Mandatory requirements) and B (Guidance regarding Part A)
    • Regulation XI-2/7 – Threats to ships
    • Regulation XI-2/9 – Control and compliance measures
    • Regulation XI-2/11 – Alternative security arrangements
    • Regulation XI-2/13 – Communication of information (information displayed in IMO ISPS Code database, part of the GISIS system, (http://gisis.imo.org or www.imo.org)

c. Existence of bilateral and multilateral cooperation instruments and agreements: multilateral cooperation in criminalizing terrorist acts

  Council of Europe

d. Existence of bilateral and multilateral cooperation instruments and agreements: extradition treaties

  Commonwealth Secretariat
  OAS

e. Existence of bilateral and multilateral cooperation instruments and agreements: mutual assistance in criminal matters

  Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

3(d) Become parties as soon as possible to the relevant international conventions and protocols relating to terrorism, including the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism of 9 December 1999;

Ratify or accede to the 13 international counter-terrorism instruments and related amendments

   

1. Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed On Board Aircraft (Aircraft Convention)

  • Signed at Tokyo on 14 September 1963
    Entered into force on 4 December 1969

2. Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft (Unlawful Seizure Convention)

  • Signed at The Hague on 16 December 1970
    Entered into force on 14 October 1971

3. Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation (Civil Aviation Convention)

  • Signed at Montreal on 23 September 1971
    Entered into force on 26 January 1973

4. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents (Diplomatic Agents Convention)

  • Adopted at New York on 14 December 1973
    Entered into force on 20 February 1977

5. International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages (Hostage Taking Convention)

  • Adopted at New York on 17 December 1979
    Entered into force on 3 June 1983

6. Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (Nuclear Material Convention)

  • Signed at Vienna on 26 October 1979
    Entered into force on 8 February 1987

7. Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, done at Montreal on 23 September 1971 (Airport Protocol)

  • Signed at Montreal on 24 February 1988
    Entered into force on 6 August 1989

8. Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (Maritime Convention)

  • Done at Rome on 10 March 1988
    Entered into force on 1 March 1992

9. Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf (Fixed Platform Protocol)

  • Done at Rome on 10 March 1988
    Entered into force on 1 March 1992

10. Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection (Plastic Explosives Convention)

  • Done at Montreal on 1 March 1991
    Entered into force on 21 June 1998

11. International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (Terrorist Bombing Convention)

  • Adopted at New York on 15 December 1997
    Entered into force on 23 May 2001

12. International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (Terrorist Financing Convention)

  • Adopted at New York on 9 December 1999
    Entered into force on 10 April 2002

13. International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (Nuclear Terrorism Convention)

  • Adopted at New York on 13 April 2005
    Entered into force on 7 July 2007

Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (Amendment to the Nuclear Material Convention)

  • Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference, IAEA, 04-08 July 2005
    Not yet in force

Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of maritime navigation (Protocol 2005 to the Maritime Convention)

  • Done at London on 14 October 2005
    Not yet in force

Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the suppression of unlawful acts against the safety of fixed platforms located on the continental shelf (Protocol 2005 to the Fixed Platforms Protocol)

  • Done at London on 14 October 2005
    Not yet in force

3(e) Increase cooperation and fully implement the relevant international conventions and protocols relating to terrorism and Security Council resolutions 1269 (1999) and 1368 (2001);

Ratify or accede to the 13 international counter-terrorism instruments, and implement Security Council resolutions 1269 (1999) and 1368 (2001)
   

3(f) Take appropriate measures in conformity with the relevant provisions of national and international law, including international standards of human rights, before granting refugee status, for the purpose of ensuring that the asylum-seeker has not planned, facilitated or participated in the commission of terrorist acts;

Non-abuse of the refugee process

 

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

 

 

 


United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNOHCHR)

3(g) Ensure, in conformity with international law, that refugee status is not abused by the perpetrators, organizers or facilitators of terrorist acts, and that claims of political motivation are not recognized as grounds for refusing requests for the extradition of alleged terrorists;

Non-abuse of the refugee process

  UNHCR

This page was last updated on: 28-Jul-2011 4:57 PM EST