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United Nations Security Council

Resolution 2231 (2015)

Ballistic missile-related transfers and activities

What are the restrictions on Iranian ballistic missile activities?

Paragraph 3 of Annex B of resolution 2231 (2015) calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology.

What are the restrictions on ballistic missile-related transfers to or activities with Iran?

Pursuant to paragraph 4 of Annex B of resolution 2231 (2015), if approved in advance on a case-by-case basis by the Security Council, all States may participate in and permit:

  1. the supply, sale or transfer directly or indirectly from their territories, or by their nationals or using their flag vessels or aircraft to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of Iran, and whether or not originating in their territories:
    • of all items, materials, equipment, goods and technology set out in S/2015/546;
    • of any items, materials, equipment, goods and technology that the State determines could contribute to the development of nuclear weapon delivery systems; and
  2. the provision to Iran of any technology or technical assistance or training, financial assistance, investment, brokering or other services, and the transfer of financial resources or services, or Iran’s acquisition of an interest in any commercial activity in another State, related to the supply, sale, transfer, manufacture or use of the items, materials, equipment, goods and technology described in subparagraph (a) above or related to the activities described in paragraph 3 of Annex B.

In the event of an approval by the Security Council:

  1. the contract for delivery of such items or assistance should include appropriate end-user guarantees; and
  2. Iran should commit not to use such items for development of nuclear weapon delivery systems.

How to submit a request for approval?

States shall submit proposals to participate in and permit the activities set forth in paragraph 4 of Annex B of resolution 2231 (2015) to the Security Council Facilitator. States are encouraged to send these proposals, through their Permanent Missions to the United Nations, at the Email address: SC-Resolution2231@un.org.

How long will the restrictions on ballistic missile-related transfers and activities apply?

All these restrictions shall apply until the date eight years after the JCPOA Adoption Day (18 October 2015) or until the date on which the IAEA submits a report confirming the Broader Conclusion, whichever is earlier.