United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
- Type(s)of Assistance:
- Expertise, Financial
- Legal, Implementation
- Export Controls, Border Controls, Enformcement
The UK is willing to provide assistance as appropriate in response to specific requests from States lacking the legal and regulatory infrastructure, implementation experience and/or resources for fulfilling the provisions of SCR 1540.
We are also fully committed to the work of the 1540 Committee in ensuring global implementation of this resolution, including - where appropriate - through providing assistance or advice to others. Bilaterally, the UK works with a range of partners to prevent illicit trafficking in nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and related materials, and their means of delivery. Where appropriate, we also provide technical assistance to other States. The UK is active in the various law enforcement expert meetings of the proliferation control regimes, disseminating trend information and case studies, and discussing lessons learned and identified best practice.
The UK also has an active export control outreach programme. We have carried out outreach visits to a number of States, including some transshipment hubs. These visits have allowed us to address issues connected with effective implementation of export controls, and provide advice and assistance where required. These contacts also build the links that facilitate exchange of information, advice on specific cases, and assistance where required.
As a member of the G8, the UK subscribed fully to the Kananaskis Principles to prevent terrorists, or those that harbour them, from gaining access to weapons or materials of mass destruction. The Principles were agreed at the G8 Summit in Alberta in 2002, and include the commitment to: "Develop and maintain effective border controls, law enforcement efforts and international co-operation to detect, deter and interdict in cases of illicit trafficking in such items, for example through installation of detection systems, training of customs and law enforcement personnel and co-operation in tracking these items; provide assistance to States lacking sufficient expertise or resources to strengthen their capacity to detect, deter and interdict in cases of illicit trafficking in these items."
We have committed up to US$750 million over ten years to the Global Partnership, launched at the 2002 G8 Summit in Canada to give renewed impetus to the co-operative threat reduction efforts of all the G8 countries. The G8 Summits at Evian (2003) and Sea Island (2004) extended the Partnership to include non-G8 contributors. Further information can be found in the UKs 2003 report ‘The Global Partnership’ (www.dti.gov.uk); a further UK report will be published before the end of 2004.
Assistance through International Organizations
The UK contributes to the IAEA Nuclear Security Fund. The fund supports programmes aimed at combating nuclear terrorism. Our total contributions since the fund’s inception in 2002 come to over f 950,000.
The UK has provided advice on CWC and BTWC implementation to a range of States Party and potential States Party, either bilaterally or in conjunction with the OPCW Technical Secretariat. At the 2003 BTWC Experts’ Meeting the UK circulated a list of governmental experts that could provide advice on BTWC implementation and bio-security measures.