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1540 Committee | United Nations

Finland

Direct Assistance

Type(s)of Assistance:
Expertise, Training, Resources
Scope:
Legal, Implementation
Regions:
Eastern Europe, Central Asia
Subject(s):
Border Controls, Safeguards, Chemical, Nuclear

Finland is willing to provide assistance, as appropriate, in response to specific requests, to the States lacking the legal and regulatory infrastructure, implementation experience and/or resources for fulfilling the provisions of Security Council resolution 1540.

Finland has established international safeguards support and cooperation programmes for Ukraine, for the Baltic States and for the Russian Federation. About 3.9 million euros have been used for these programmes since 1994.

Since 1997 Finland has had a bilateral co-operation programme with Russia which focuses on procedures to prevent illicit trafficking and to protect nuclear material against other illegal activities. So far, about 200 000 euros have been allocated annually for this programme.

Since 1990, the Finnish Institute for Verification of the Chemical Weapons Convention (VERIFIN) has offered, on a regular basis, basic and advanced training in analytical chemistry to help the implementation of the CWC in developing countries. In 2002, a new training course on national authority and chemical databases was offered. So far, some 150 experts from more than 64 countries have attended the training courses. In addition, VERIFIN organizes seminars and workshops and provides opportunities for foreign interns in the OPCW internship support programme. In 2003, the total expenditure in training amounted to EUR 360.000, and in 2004 the foreseen expenditure is EUR 325.000.

The Particular Task-Force (TF) on Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region was set up in 1996 by the Heads of Government of the Baltic Sea States. Special attention has been paid to combating terrorism. Finland took over the chairmanship of the TF at the beginning of 2005.

Finland organized a Border Management seminar for some Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) in June 2002. The program included a presentation of the border control system and the border control cooperation as well as introduction the Finnish customs system - both in theory and practice.

SUBJECTS

Assistance through International Organizations

Finland has participated actively in the IAEA’s Coordinated Technical Support Programme (CTSP) to the NIS. Under the CTSP, Finland provided bilateral support and assistance to the Baltic States and to Ukraine in improving their systems for nuclear material control, including nuclear material accountancy and control, physical protection and export/import control. In 1995 - 2002 Finland contributed to the CTSP also through the Finnish Support Programme to the IAEA by funding a cost-free expert (CFE) to participate in the coordination work of the IAEA. In 2003, the Finnish CFE was assigned tasks related to nuclear security as in kind contribution to the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Fund (NSF). Finland has also contributed the Nuclear Security Fund 10 000 euros in 2004.

Finland participates in the destruction of the chemical weapons stockpiles in the Russian Federation in the framework of the G8 Global Partnership programme. So far, Finland has provided a fixed chemical warfare agent detection network in the Russian Federation (Kambarka and Gorny) with a total of EUR 1.000.000. The next cooperation project is under discussion.

Points of Contact

Requests for assistance concerning policy issues should be directed to:

Name:
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland
Title:
Department:
Unit for Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, P.O. Box 176, FIN-00161 Helsinki
Location:
Helsinki
Contact:
POL-05@formin.fi, Tel: +358-9-16005.

Requests for assistance concerning licensing should be directed to:

Name:
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland
Title:
Department:
Export Control Unit, P.O. Box 176, FIN-00161 Helsinki,
Location:
Helsinki
Location:
Contact:
KPO-08@formin.fi, Tel: +358-9-16005.