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UNAMIR was established by Security Council Resolution 872 (1993) of 5 October 1993 to the monitor cease-fire, security situation, process of repatriation of refugees, to assist with mine clearance, the coordination of humanitarian assistance and to contribute to the security of the city of Kigali. UNAMIR also contributed to the security of personnel of the International Tribunal for Rwanda and of human rights offices in Rwanda and assisted in the establishment and training of a now, integrated national police force. The UNAMIR mandate came to end in March 1996.

A medal was established in December 1993. The ribbon contains a wide centered stripe of UN blue flanked by a narrow stripe of white and three equal stripes of black, green and red. The black colour represents the volcanic lava and the world famous gorillas of the area; green is the colour of the local bush vegetation; and red represents the African soil. Ninety days of service is required for qualification.

The countries of AUstralia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Canada, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, India, Malawi, Mali, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Uruguay and Zimbabwe sent troops, military observers or police observers.

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(Effective 16 June 1997)