UNOMUR was deployed on the
Ugandan side of the border between Uganda and Rwanda in accordance with
Security Council resolution
846 (1993) of 22 June 1993. Its mandate was to monitor that border
“to verify that no military assistance reaches Rwanda, focus being
put primarily in this regard on transit or transport, by roads or tracks
which could accommodate vehicles, of lethal weapons and ammunition across
the border, as well as any other material which could be of military use”.
While the tragic turn of events
in Rwanda in April 1994 prevented UNOMUR from fully implementing its mandate,
the Observer Mission played a useful role as a confidence-building mechanism
in the months following the conclusion of the Arusha Peace Agreement and
during UNAMIR's initial efforts to defuse tensions between the Rwandese
parties and to facilitate the implementation of that agreement. UNOMUR
was officially closed on 21 September 1994.
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