UNOMIL was established by Security Council resolution 866 (1993) with the following initial mandate:

  • To receive and investigate all reports on alleged incidents of violations of the cease-fire agreement and, if the violation cannot be corrected, to report its findings to the Violations Committee established pursuant to the Peace Agreement and to the Secretary-General;
  • To monitor compliance with other elements of the Peace Agreement, including at points on Liberia’s borders with Sierra Leone and other neighbouring countries, and to verify its impartial application, and in particular to assist in the monitoring of compliance with the embargo on delivery of arms and military equipment to Liberia and the cantonment, disarmament and demobilization of combatants;
  • To observe and verify the election process, including the legislative and presidential elections to be held in accordance with the provisions of the Peace Agreement;
  • To assist, as appropriate, in the coordination of humanitarian assistance activities in the field in conjunction with the existing United Nations humanitarian relief operation;
  • To develop a plan and assess financial requirements for the demobilization of combatants;
  • To report on any major violations of international humanitarian law to the Secretary-General;
  • To train ECOMOG engineers in mine clearance and, in cooperation with ECOMOG, coordinate the identification of mines and assist in the clearance of mines and unexploded bombs;
  • Without participation in enforcement operations, to coordinate with ECOMOG in the discharge of ECOMOG’s separate responsibilities both formally, through the Violations Committee, and informally.
By its resolution 1020 (1995) of 10 November 1995, the Security Council decided to adjust the mandate of UNOMIL to be defined as follows:

  • To exercise its good offices to support the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Liberian National Transitional Government (LNTG) to implement the peace agreements and to cooperate with them for this purpose;
  • To investigate all allegations of violations of the ceasefire reported to the Ceasefire Violations Committee, to recommend measures to prevent the recurrence of such violations and to report to the Secretary-General accordingly;
  • To monitor compliance with the other military provisions of the peace agreements including disengagement of forces, disarmament and observance of the arms embargo and to verify their impartial application;
  • To assist, as appropriate, in the maintenance of assembly sites agreed upon by ECOMOG, the LNTG and the factions, and in the implementation of a programme for demobilization of combatants, in cooperation with the LNTG, donor agencies and non-governmental organizations;
  • To support, as appropriate, humanitarian assistance activities;
  • To investigate and report to the Secretary-General on violations of human rights and to assist local human rights groups, as appropriate, in raising voluntary contributions for training and logistic support;
  • To observe and verify the election process, in consultation with the Organization of African Unity and ECOWAS, including the legislative and presidential elections to be held in accordance with provisions of the peace agreements.

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