By adopting resolution 693 (1991) of 20 May 1991, the Security Council decided to establish ONUSAL “to monitor all agreements between the two parties, whose initial mandate in its first phase as an integrated peacekeeping operation will be to verify the compliance by the parties with the Agreement on Human Rights signed at San JosJ on 26 July 1990”. At that stage, the tasks of the Mission included actively monitoring the human rights situation in El Salvador; investigating specific cases of alleged human rights violations; promoting human rights in the country; making recommendations for the elimination of violations; and reporting on these matters to the Secretary-General and, through him, to the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
By its resolution 729 (1991) of 14 January 1992, the Security Council decided to enlarge the mandate of ONUSAL to include the verification and monitoring of the implementation of “all the agreements once these are signed” at Mexico City between the Government of El Salvador and FMLN, in particular the Agreement on the Cessation of the Armed Conflict and the Agreement on the Establishment of a National Civil Police.
By resolution 832 (1993) of 27 May 1993, the Security Council decided to enlarge ONUSAL's mandate to include observation of the electoral process, and requested the Secretary-General to take the necessary measures to this effect.
After ONUSAL competed
its mandate on 30 April 1995, a small group of United Nations civilian
personnel -- known as the United Nations Mission in El Salvador (MINUSAL)
-- remained in El Salvador to provide good offices to the parties, to
verify implementation of the outstanding points of the agreements and
to provide a continuing flow of accurate and reliable information.
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