was established by Security Council
resolution 1118 (1997) of 30 June 1997 with an overall mandate
to assist the Angolan parties in consolidating peace and national reconciliation,
enhancing confidence-building and creating an environment conducive to
long-term stability, democratic development and rehabilitation of the
country. MONUA took over from the United
Nations Verification Mission in Angola III (UNAVEM III)
MONUA’s Division of Political Affairs would assist the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in implementing the political mandate of the mission. The Division would also:
- Monitor the normalization of State administration throughout the country;
- Provide good offices and mediation at the provincial and local levels and participate in the official organs established for that purpose;
- Monitor and verify the integration of UNITA elements into State structures, as provided for in the Lusaka Protocol and subsequent agreements between the Government and UNITA, and assist in the resolution and management of conflicts which may arise;
- Promote, in coordination with other components, a climate of confidence and national accord by establishing a presence in major population areas and areas of tension.
With the withdrawal of United Nations military personnel and the gradual normalization of State administration over the entire Angolan territory, the civilian police component of MONUA would:
- Verify the neutrality of the Angolan National Police;
- Verify the incorporation of UNITA personnel into the national police;
- Verify the quartering and occasional deployment of the rapid reaction police;
- Verify the free circulation of people and goods;
- Give special attention to respect for civil and political rights and freedoms;
- Carry out joint patrols with the Angolan National Police, especially in areas formerly controlled by UNITA;
- Inspect prisons and, if need be, establish its temporary presence at national police posts and stations;
- Monitor and verify the collection of weapons recovered from the civilian population;
- Supervise proper storage or destruction of these weapons;
- Oversee security arrangements for UNITA leaders.
Human rights issues
The human rights component of MONUA would:
- Contribute to the promotion of human rights and prevention of their abuse in the country;
- Help develop the capacity of national institutions and non-governmental organizations in the field of human rights;
- Investigate adequately allegations of abuses and initiate appropriate action.
The military component of MONUA would:
- Verify compliance with various aspects of the ceasefire regime;
- Investigate allegations of offensive troop movements, the presence of any UNITA armed elements and the existence of weapons caches;
- Monitor the dismantlement of checkpoints and UNITA command posts;
- Monitor the integration of UNITA soldiers into the Angola Armed Forces.
The Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit would:
- Support the demobilization of UNITA ex-combatants and their social reintegration;
- Monitor the emergency situation and maintain a capacity to respond to humanitarian needs as they emerge;
- Serve as the focal point for information, donor liaison and coordination of humanitarian operations through an established network of field advisors in key provinces.
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