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Women, peace and security

We are mandated to address gender through specific Security Council Resolutions on Women Peace and Security.

A UN peacekeeper helping a local woman hang a bucket from a ceiling.

UN Photo/Albert Gonzalez Farran

A UN Police Officer with UNAMID visits a woman's home at Zam Zam Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) Camp near El Fasher, Sudan.

At the international level, the UN Security Council has adopted seven resolutions on Women Peace and Security:

Collectively the resolutions provide UN Peacekeeping with a framework for implementing and monitoring the Women Peace and Security agenda.

History of Security Council mandates on Women, Peace and Security

The blueprint for gender and peacekeeping work for the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) is rooted in Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) PDF Document which was the first Resolution to address the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women.

Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) PDF Document stresses the importance of women’s equal and full participation as active agents in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, peace-building and peacekeeping. It calls on member states to ensure women’s equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and urges all actors to increase the participation of women and incorporate gender perspective in all areas of peace building. As a follow up to 1325, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1889 PDF Document which calls for further strengthening of women's participation in peace processes and the development of indicators to measure progress on Resolution 1325.

Recognising the impact that sexual violence in conflict has on the maintenance of peace and security, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1820 PDF Document which explicitly links sexual violence as a tactic of war with women peace and security issues. Security Council Resolution1820 reinforces Resolution 1325 and highlights that sexual violence in conflict constitutes a war crime and demands parties to armed conflict to immediately take appropriate measures to protect civilians from sexual violence, including training troops and enforcing disciplinary measures.

Resolution 1888 PDF Document, as a follow up to Resolution 1820, mandates that peacekeeping missions protect women and children from sexual violence during armed conflict, and requests that the Secretary-General appoint a special representative on sexual violence during armed conflict (Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict). Most recently Resolution 1960 was adopted which builds on and deepens the women, peace and security agenda on sexual violence.