Organization of the UN Dispute Tribunal
The UNDT is located in Geneva, Nairobi and New York, but it may also decide to hold sessions at other duty stations. It operates on a full-time basis and is composed of five permanent, professional judges - three full-time and two half-time - with one full-time judge in Geneva, Nairobi and New York, respectively. As a provisional measure, the General Assembly further decided to appoint three ad litem - or temporary – judges in order to strengthen the UNDT capacity to adjudicate cases transferred from the former system of administration of justice. The three ad litem judges have all the powers conferred to the permanent judges and exercise their functions in Geneva, Nairobi and New York, respectively.
The judges are all nationals from different Member States of the United Nations. They must be of “high moral character” and “possess at least 10 years of judicial experience in the field of administrative law”. They are appointed by the General Assembly from a list of candidates drawn up by the Internal Justice Council (which consists of representatives from both staff and management, as well as distinguished jurists), for a non-renewable term of seven years. As a transitional measure, one full-time and one half-time judges initially appointed serve for a three-year term and may be reappointed to the UNDT for a further non-renewable term of seven years. The judges are not eligible for any appointment within the UN, except another judicial post, for a period of five years following their respective terms of office.
In accordance with its statute, the UNDT has established its own rules of procedure on 26 June 2009, which have also been approved by the General Assembly.
The UNDT elects a President from among the full-time Judges. In June 2009, the Tribunal elected Judge Vinod Boolell as President for a term of one year. On 2 July 2010, the Tribunal elected Judge Thomas Laker as President for a term of one year. On 1 July 2011, the Tribunal elected Judge Memooda Ebrahim-Carstens as President for a term of one year. The President directs the work of the UNDT in accordance with the Statute.
Three Registries have been established in Geneva, Nairobi and New York respectively to support the work of the UNDT at the different locations.