Judges of the UN Dispute Tribunal
The UNDT is composed of three full-time Judges, two half-time Judges and three ad litem judges, appointed by the General Assembly. The current composition of the Tribunal is as follows:
Nairobi: Mr. Vinod Boolell (Mauritius)
Judge Boolell has been President of the Dispute Tribunal from 2009-2010 and from 2012-2013. He was formerly Chief International Judge with the international judiciary in the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). Judge Boolell studied law at Oxford University and was called to the Bar at Inner Temple London. He also holds a Masters in French Law and a Diploma from the French School of Judges in Paris. After practicing at the Bar in his home country Mauritius, he served as a prosecutor and as an adviser at the Ministry of Justice in Mauritius for a number of years. He was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Mauritius in 1988. From 2001 to 2002 he served as a judicial mentor at the Supreme Court of Cambodia. In 2002 he was appointed judge with UNMIK and ended his mission there as acting Chief International Judge.
New York: Ms. Memooda Ebrahim-Carstens (Botswana)
Judge Ebrahim-Carstens is the current President of the United Nations Dispute Tribunal, a function she previously performed from 2011-2012. She was initially appointed to the Dispute Tribunal in 2009 for a three-year term and was reappointed on 1 July 2012 for a seven year-term. Judge Carstens was formerly a presiding Judge of the High Court of Botswana. Prior to this, she served for more than 10 years as a Judge of the Industrial Court of Botswana a Superior Court of Law and Equity, and a specialised labour court, where she gained considerable experience in the fields of employment/labour law, administrative law, adjudication, and mediation. Prior to this, Judge Carstens ran her own legal practice from 1987-1998, mainly in civil/commercial/employment/matrimonial and human rights law. Judge Carstens also worked briefly in London. She holds an Honours Degree in law (BA Hons. Business Law), from City of London Polytechnic Business Law School (now London Metropolitan University). She also obtained her Barristers Degree in 1983, and was called to the Bar at Lincoln's Inn, London.
Geneva: Mr. Thomas Laker (Germany)
Judge Laker is a former President of the United Nations Dispute Tribunal, a function he previously performed from 2010 to 2011, and also from 2013 to 2014. He was formerly a presiding judge at the Administrative Law Court in Hamburg (since 2005). He is also a qualified mediator. He has served continuously as a judge of the Administrative Law Court in Hamburg since 1989. He studied law in Göttingen and Geneva and holds a law degree from the Georg-August University in Göttingen (1985).
Sir Goolam Hoosen Kader-Meeran (United Kingdom)
His Honour Sir Goolam Meeran, a Deputy Judge of the Upper Tribunal in the UK, was President of the Employment Tribunals for England and Wales from 2002 to 2008.He had responsibility for all aspects of policy, practice and procedure, management of judicial resources and providing judicial input to Ministerial working groups on Regulations and Rules of Procedure in Employment Tribunals. He introduced judicial mediation to complement other forms of alternative dispute resolution. In the 2009 New Years Honours list Judge Goolam was awarded a Knighthood for "Services to the Administration of Justice". He has been a full time Employment Judge since 1993 and a member of the Judicial Studies Board Equal Treatment and Tribunals Committees. Judge Goolam holds degrees from the University of Manchester (1969) and the London School of Economics (1970), and a diploma in law (1981).
Ms. Coral Shaw (New Zealand)
Judge Shaw obtained a law degree from the University of Auckland in 1981 having earlier qualified as a teacher. She practiced as a lawyer in Criminal, Labour and Administrative law for 10 years. In 1992 she was appointed as a judge of the New Zealand District Court and served on that court until 1999. She served as a judge of the New Zealand Employment Court from 1999 until 2009 when she retired from the New Zealand Bench to take up the position of half-time judge of the UN Dispute Tribunal. She is a qualified mediator and mediates in employment related disputes in New Zealand when not acting as a Judge of the UNDT.
Ad litem judges
The General Assembly elected the current three ad litem judges, Judge Nkemdilim Amelia Izuako, Judge Alessandra Greceanu and Judge Rowan Downing, on 31 March 2009, 16 April 2012 and 18 December 2014, respectively. Their mandates expire on 31 December 2015.
New York: Ms. Alessandra Greceanu (Romania)
Judge Greceanu served as a Judge at the Court of Appeal of Bucharest having been appointed in 2002. She was on the Court's Civil Section (IV) and previously sat on the Court's Labour Section. She also served as a trainer Judge at the National Institute of Magistracy in labour law and European Union law. Prior to appointment at the Court of Appeal, Judge Greceanu held appointments from 2000 until 2002 with the Tribunal of Bucharest (Civil and Administrative Suit) and from 1993 to 2000 as a first-instance Judge in Judecatoria sector 1, Bucharest. Judge Greceanu received her degree in law from the University of Bucharest in 1993 and received her Certificate from the National Institute for Training of Magistrates in 1994.
Nairobi: Ms. Nkemdilim Amelia Izuako (Nigeria)
Judge Izuako was formerly a high court judge in the Solomon Islands. Previously, she held office as a high court judge in Anambra State in Nigeria, as a high court judge in the Gambia, and an acting judge of the Gambia Court of Appeal. In each of these jurisdictions and as a judge of a court of general jurisdiction, she had experience in handling labour and administrative law matters. She was also a law lecturer in Nnamdi Azikiwe University in Nigeria and in the Gambi Technical Institute. She holds law degrees from the University of Ife, Nigeria (1976 and 1981).
Geneva: Mr. Rowan Downing (Australia)
Prior to his appointment as ad litem judge of the United Nations Dispute Tribunal, Judge Downing served as judge of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia since 2006. Earlier in his career, he held a number of expert and legal advisory positions in private and public sector, including as Adviser to the Ombudsman of Vanuatu. In 1998, he was appointed as Queen's Counsel, and in 1993 as Judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Vanuatu. He was previously admitted to practice as barrister and solicitor of the Supreme Court of Victoria and the High Court of Australia in 1977, and of the Supreme Court of New South Wales and the Supreme Court of Tasmania in 1987. Judge Downing holds Bachelor of Arts (International Politics), Bachelor of Laws and Master of Laws degrees from the University of Melbourne.