I. Organizational, administrative and other matter
Election of five non-permanent members of the Security Council
In accordance with Article 23 of the Charter, as amended, the Security Council consists of five permanent members (China, France, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America) and 10 non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years. In accordance with rule 142 of the rules of procedure, the General Assembly elects each year five non-permanent members of the Security Council.
At its eighteenth session, in 1963, the Assembly decided that the non-permanent members of the Council should be elected according to the following pattern (resolution 1991 A (XVIII)):
- Five from African and Asian States;
- One from Eastern European States;
- Two from Latin American States;
- Two from Western European and other States.
At its sixty-second session, the General Assembly elected five non-permanent members of the Security Council (decision 62/403). At present, the Council is thus composed of the following 15 Member States:
Belgium,* Burkina Faso,** China, Costa Rica,** Croatia,** France, Indonesia,* Italy,* Libyan Arab Jamahiriya,** Panama,* Russian Federation, South Africa,* United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America and Viet Nam.**
* Term of office expires on 31 December 2008.
** Term of office expires on 31 December 2009.
At its sixty-third session, the General Assembly will need to fill the seats being vacated by the following States: Belgium, Indonesia, Italy, Panama and South Africa. As stipulated in rule 144 of the rules of procedure, a retiring member is not eligible for immediate re-election.
In accordance with rule 92 of the rules of procedure, the election is held by secret ballot and there are no nominations. Under rule 83 of the rules of procedure, the non-permanent members of the Security Council are elected by a two-thirds majority.
The names of the States that have served as non-permanent members of the Security Council are listed in annex IV.
References for the sixty-second session (agenda item 112 (a)
- Plenary meeting A/62/PV.26
- Decision 62/403
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- Security Council
- Members of the Security Council
- Elections and appointments at the General Assembly
- UN Peace and Security
- UN Charter