Sponsors

ECOSOC

DESA

Friedrich Ebert Stiftung

Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) Development Forum on Productive Employment and
Decent Work

8-9 May 2006
 
United Nations Headquarters - New York

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

Opening Ceremony

  • Mr. José Antonio Ocampo is the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. He obtained his doctorate in Economics from Yale University and has been honored with the Alejandro Angel Escobar National Science Award. Prior to assuming his present position, Mr. Ocampo served as Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. He held a number of posts in the Government of Colombia, including those of Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Director of the National Planning Department and Minister of Agriculture. His academic pursuits have included service as Director of the Foundation for Higher Education and Development, Professor of Economics at the Universidad de los Andes and the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and Visiting Professor at both Yale and Oxford Universities. He is the author of numerous books and articles on macroeconomics policy and theory, economic development, international trade and economic history.

  • H.E. Mr. Ali Hachani is the President of the Economic and Social Council for 2006, and also Permanent Representative of Tunisia to the United Nations. Born in 1946, Mr. Hachani, after primary and secondary studies, graduated in English Language and Literature from Tunis University (1968). He then followed a course in International Relations at Columbia University (New York) within the framework of a training program for diplomats (1969-70). He joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tunisia in November 1968. After having served in the Department of International Co-operation, he was appointed (September 1972 to September 1979) Counsellor at the Tunisian Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York. In this capacity, he took part in a great number of regular and extraordinary sessions of the United Nations General Assembly as well as Technical Committees and International Conferences.

  • Mr. Thandika Mkandawire is Director of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), and Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Development Research in Copenhagen. He is an economist with an extensive background in the promotion of comparative research on development issues. Former Executive Secretary of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), headquartered in Dakar. He is a member of the editorial boards of Global Governance; Development and Change; Africa Development and the Oxford Journal of Development Studies, and has recently served on the executive committees of the International Institute for Labour Studies, the Swedish NGO Fund for Human Rights, the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP) of the International Social Science Council, Care International, the Steering Committee of the UNU Project on Intellectual History, and the African Gender Institute.

  • Prof. Diane Elson is a Senior Scholar at the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, USA, and co-director of the Levy Institute's program on gender equality and the economy. She is also professor and member of the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex, U.K. Her research interests include gender and fiscal policy, gender and employment, and gender and international trade. Recent publications include: “The Social Content of Macroeconomic Policies” (with N. Cagatay), World Development, July 2000; Gender Budgets Make Cents (with D. Budlender, G. Hewitt, and T. Mukhopadhyay), Commonwealth Secretariat, London, 2002; What's Behind the Budget? Politics, Rights, and Accountability in the Budget Process (with A. Norton), Overseas Development Institute, London, 2002; Progress of the World's Women 2002 (with H. Keklik), UNIFEM, New York, 2002; “Engendering Government Budgets in the Context of Globalization(s),” International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol.6 No. 4; “Social policy and macroeconomic performance: integrating ‘the economic' and ‘the social'” in T. Mkandawire, ed., Social Policy in a Development Context, Palgrave , 2004. Elson was a member of the U.N. Millennium Project Taskforce; and member of the Advisory Committee for UNRISD Policy Report on Gender and Development. She is a vice-president, International Association for Feminist Economics. Her academic degrees include BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, University of Oxford, 1968; and PhD in Economics, University of Manchester 1994.

  • Professor Prabhat Patnaik, Professor of Economics, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India


Panel 1: “ Macroeconomic policy and employment generation “

                                                                                                                                          ▲ top
  • H.E. Mr. Dalius Cekuolis is the Vice-President of ECOSOC and Permanent Representative of the Republic of Lithuania to the United Nations. Mr. Cekuolis began his diplomatic career for the Republic of Lithuania in 1990, as Head of the Press and Information Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1991, he was appointed Chargé d'Affaires of Lithuania in Denmark, Norway and Iceland, and served as Ambassador to those countries from 1992 to 1994. Mr. Cekuolis also served, from 1994 to 1998, as Ambassador to Belgium, the Netherlands and
    Luxembourg and, concurrently, as the Lithuanian representative to the Western European Union and to the North Atlantic Cooperation Council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). From 1998 to 1999, Mr. Cekuolis was Head of the Committee of Senior Officials of the Council of the Baltic Sea States, in charge of the Lithuanian presidency of that body. He served as his country's Ambassador to Portugal from 1999 to 2004, after which he was appointed Secretary of Lithuania's Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Mr. Cekuolis graduated from the Institute of International Relations in Moscow, in 1982. Apart from his mother tongue, he speaks English, Spanish, French, Russian and Portuguese.

  • Mr. Michael Piore, Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Professor.
  • Prof. Diane Elson is a Senior Scholar at the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, USA, and co-director of the Levy Institute's program on gender equality and the economy. She is also professor and member of the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex, U.K. Her research interests include gender and fiscal policy, gender and employment, and gender and international trade. Recent publications include: “The Social Content of Macroeconomic Policies” (with N. Cagatay), World Development, July 2000; Gender Budgets Make Cents (with D. Budlender, G. Hewitt, and T. Mukhopadhyay), Commonwealth Secretariat, London, 2002; What's Behind the Budget? Politics, Rights, and Accountability in the Budget Process (with A. Norton), Overseas Development Institute, London, 2002; Progress of the World's Women 2002 (with H. Keklik), UNIFEM, New York, 2002; “Engendering Government Budgets in the Context of Globalization(s),” International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol.6 No. 4; “Social policy and macroeconomic performance: integrating ‘the economic' and ‘the social'” in T. Mkandawire, ed., Social Policy in a Development Context, Palgrave , 2004. Elson was a member of the U.N. Millennium Project Taskforce; and member of the Advisory Committee for UNRISD Policy Report on Gender and Development. She is a vice-president, International Association for Feminist Economics. Her academic degrees include BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, University of Oxford, 1968; and PhD in Economics, University of Manchester 1994.
  • Professor Gerald Epstein is Professor of Economics and founding Co-Director of the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) at the University of Massachusetts. He received his PhD in Economics from Princeton University in 1981. Epstein has previously taught at Williams College and the New School for Social Research. He has also been a visiting Professor at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced and International Studies in Bologna, Italy and at Xiamen University in Xiamen, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China. Epstein's research has focused on domestic and international macroeconomics, monetary policy and finance. He has written numerous articles on topics such as the political economy of central banking, capital controls, international credit relations, and multinational corporations. He has worked with the United Nations Development Program in the areas of Pro-Poor Macroeconomic Policy and Human Development Impact Assessments of Trade Policies, and with UN-DESA on developing alternatives to inflation targeting monetary policy. Epstein's current research focuses on employment oriented macroeconomic and trade policies. He is the editor or co-editor of numerous books, including Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy, (Cambridge University Press, 1999, with Dean Baker and Robert Pollin), Capital Flight and Capital Controls in Developing Countries, (E. Elgar, 2005) and Financialization and the World Economy (E. Elgar, 2005).


Panel 2: “ The effects of structural reform on employment “                                                                                                                                           ▲ top

  • H.E. Mr. Gunter Pleuger is the Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations. Before his appointment, Mr. Pleuger had served as State Secretary in the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin since October 1999. He began his diplomatic career in 1970 as First Secretary at the Permanent Mission of the then Federal Republic of Germany, a position he held until 1974, when he worked for three years at the European Communities Division of the Federal Foreign Office in Bonn. He became spokesman and Head of the Press Division of the German Embassy in New Delhi, India, between 1977 and 1979, and later was Minister-Counsellor for Political Affairs from 1988 to 1993 at his country's Embassy in Washington, DC. Mr. Pleuger also worked in many divisions in the German Foreign Service, both in Bonn and Berlin, including the European Communities Division and Policy Planning Staff Division. In 1985, he became Director in charge of Public Information and Liaison with political parties in the Foreign Minister's Office in Bonn. In 1993 Mr. Pleuger was appointed Head of Directorate for United Nations Affairs and Coordinator for Human Rights Issues until 1995, and Head of Directorate General for United Nations Affairs, Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid, from 1995 to 1998. He studied law and political science at the Universities of Cologne and Bonn between 1960 and 1964, and for four years after that he was engaged in legal training. During that period he also studied at the Ecole Nationale d'Administration in Paris. In 1969 through 1970, Mr. Pleuger attended Foreign Service training courses in Bonn and Liverpool, United Kingdom. Married with two daughters, Mr. Pleuger was born in Wismar on 25 March 1941.

  • Mr. Rolph Van Der Hoeven is currently Director a.i. of ILO's International Policy Group and was previously Manager of the Technical Secretariat of the World commission on Globalization, established by the International Labour Organization in Febr. 2002. He holds a Ph.D in Development Economics from the Free University and a M.Sc. in Econometrics from the Municipal University, both in Amsterdam. Previous positions include Chief of the Macroeconomic and Development Policy Group, and other positions in the Employment Department at the ILO, Geneva, Chief Economist of UNICEF in New York and Senior Economist at ILO's World Employment Programme in Geneva and Employment Team in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Lusaka, Zambia. He also has been teaching at the Centre for Development Planning at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam. The work of Mr. van der Hoeven is mainly concentrated on issues of employment, inequality and economic reform, and focusing inter alia on problems related to basic needs, structural adjustment and poverty alleviation. He serves on the board of a number of international institutions and journals, to which he also acts as a referee. He has written or edited 11 books, has edited 3 special journal sections, has authored or co-authored more than 20 articles in professional journals, and has contributed chapters to more than 25 books. Mr. Gerry Rodgers is Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, Geneva. Prior to this position he was Director of the Policy Integration Department of the International Labour Office, which carries out research and policy development on integrated approaches to work and employment. At the ILO he has been responsible for policy development on the decent work agenda in the Director-General's Office; was Technical Director of the Secretariat for the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization; directed the ILO's Multi-disciplinary Technical Team for the Southern Cone of Latin America for several years; and has directed programmes of research and action on training systems, on labour markets and labour institutions and on population issues. His publications include work on poverty, inequality, social exclusion, employment, labour markets, child labour, population growth and economic development, including empirical work in South and Southeast Asia, in Latin America and in Europe.

  • Professor Prabhat Patnaik, Professor of Economics, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

  • Professor Robert Boyer, Economist, Centre Pour la Recherche Economique et ses Applications (CEPREMAP)


Panel 3: “ Labour market flexibility and decent work                                                                                                                  ▲ top

  • H.E. Mr. Aminu Bashir Wali is the Permanent Representative of Nigeria to the United Nations. Before his current appointment, he served as Special Adviser to the President on National Assembly matters from 1999 to 2003. He was a founding member, a member of the board of trustees and the deputy national chairman of the Democratic Party of Nigeria in 1998. Born in Kano, Nigeria, in 1941, Mr. Wali studied at the School of Arabic Studies in that city from 1960 to 1961; attended the Federal Training Centre in Lagos between 1961 and 1962, before proceeding to the North-Western Polytechnic (North London University) from 1963 to 1967, and then on to the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, Jos, in Nigeria between February and October 1986. His extensive work experience covers the business world and the Nigerian Federal Government; serving as chairman for numerous companies, among them Philip Morris Nigeria Limited, International Tobacco Co. Ltd., International Bank for West Africa Ltd., and Nigerian Engineering and Construction Co. Ltd., from 1975 to date. During the same period, he has also served as director for Barclays Bank of Nigeria Ltd., Nigeria Hotels Ltd. and Nigerbras Shipping Line, among others.

  • Professor Robert Boyer, Economist, Centre Pour la Recherche Economique et ses Applications (CEPREMAP)

  • Professor Carmen Pages holds a Master Degree on Economics from the U. Autonoma de Barcelona and a Ph. D in Economics from Boston University. She is currently a senior labor economist at the World Bank. Prior to joining this institution she was a senior research economist at the Research Department of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). She has conducted extensive research and applied analytical work on labor markets and labor institutions. Some recent publications are: “Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and The Caribbean” jointly with Prof. J. Heckman, analyzing the experiences of labor market reforms in Latin America, and “Good Jobs Wanted: Labor Markets in Latin America” analyzing the performance of labor markets in the region. She has published numerous articles in leading economic journals on issues related to macroeconomics and labor economics. Carmen is also an associated editor of Economia, the Journal of the Latin America and Caribbean Economic Association.

  • Mr. Gerry Rodgers, is Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, Geneva.  Prior to this position he was Director of the Policy Integration Department of the International Labour Office, which carries out research and policy development on integrated approaches to work and employment. At the ILO he has been responsible for policy development on the decent work agenda in the Director-General's Office; was Technical Director of the Secretariat for the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization; directed the ILO's Multi-disciplinary Technical Team for the Southern Cone of Latin America for several years; and has directed programmes of research and action on training systems, on labour markets and labour institutions and on population issues. His publications include work on poverty, inequality, social exclusion, employment, labour markets, child labour, population growth and economic development, including empirical work in South and Southeast Asia, in Latin America and in Europe.

  • Mr. Haroon Bhorat, Director of the Development Policy Research Unit (DPRU), School of Economics, University of Cape Town

     

Panel 4: “ Formalizing the informal sector ?                                                                                                                  ▲ top

  • H.E. Mr. Léo Mérorés is the Vice-President of ECOSOC, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Haiti to the United Nations. From April 2001 to March 2004, he served as a Consultant on management and economic cooperation issues for several United Nations entities, including its Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Mr. Mérorès was associated with the UNDP for many years, beginning in 1974. From September 1992 to March 2001, he was a principal counsellor for the Programme working with the countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). From 1984 to 1992, he was the UNDP’s Deputy Resident Representative for Liberia, Mali and Cameroon, and from 1989 to 1992, he was responsible for the UNDP offices in Gabon and Burundi. From 1978 to 1984, he was the UNDP’s Deputy Resident Representative in Togo and Madagascar, and worked in the UNDP’s office in Rwanda from 1974 to 1978. Mr. Mérorès started his career in 1961 as a salesman for Enterprises Gerard Theard in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and in 1969-1973, he worked part-time as an accountant, assistant of the Head of the Credit Department at Shapiro & Sons Textile Corporation in New York. In 1964, Mr. Mérorès received a Bachelor of Laws degree from the Law School of the State University of Haiti and an accountant’s diploma from Ecole de Commerce Maurice Laroche in Port-au-Prince. In 1969, he received a master’s degree in economic science and in 1973, a PhD in economics, both from New York University.

  • Professor Martha Chen is a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and Coordinator of the global research-policy network Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO). An experienced development practitioner and scholar with a doctorate in South Asia Regional Studies from the University of Pennsylvania, her areas of specialization are gender, poverty, and the informal economy. Before joining Harvard University in 1987, Dr. Chen had resident experience in Bangladesh working with one of the world's largest non-governmental organizations (BRAC), and in India where she served as field representative of Oxfam America for India and Bangladesh. Since joining Harvard University in 1987, Dr. Chen has undertaken four major field studies in India; spent three years as a Visiting Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study; and co-founded the global research-policy network WIEGO (see www.wiego.org). She is the author of numerous books including, most recently, Progress of the World's Women 2005: Women, Work, and Poverty (which she co-authored with five colleagues from the WIEGO network), Mainstreaming Informal Employment and Gender in Poverty Reduction (which she co-authored with Joann Vanek and Marilyn Carr), Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture (which she co-authored with Joann Vanek) and Perpetual Mourning: Widowhood in Rural India.

  • Dr. Victor Tokman, Former Economic Advisor to the President of Chile and former Regional Director of the ILO for the Americas. Mr. Tokman, is an economist, D.Phil, Oxford University, Magister of Escolatina, University of Chile and CPA at the University of Litoral, Argentina. He is presently an international consultant and a member of the Advisory Council for the Protection of Early Childhood, designated by the present President of Chile. He has also served as a Presidential Advisor to the former President of Chile, Ricardo Lagos, from 2001 until March 2006. He was Assistant Director General and Regional Director for the Americas of the ILO, Director of the Employment and Development Department and Director of  PREALC. He has worked at CEPAL, ILPES and the OAS among other international institutions.  He has lectured and undertaken research in many universities. The Growth Center of Yale University, the IDS of the University of Sussex, the Catholic University of Chile and the University of Chile, the Latin America Faculty for Social Sciences (FLACSO), the Turin Training Center of the ILO and many others. He has written and published extensively on equity, employment and development and contributed especially in the analysis and policy proposal of the informal sector. He has published many books and articles in recognized journals. His more recent books are “Una voz en el camino. Empleo y equidad en América Latina: 40 años de busqueda”, Fondo de Cultura Económica, and “De la informalidad a la modernidad”, ILO. His more recent papers are, “Las dimensiones laborales de la transformación productiva con equidad” and  “Mercados de trabajo y protección social”,  both published by CEPAL.

  • Mr. Gerry Rodgers, is Director of the International Institute for Labour Studies, Geneva.  Prior to this position he was Director of the Policy Integration Department of the International Labour Office, which carries out research and policy development on integrated approaches to work and employment. At the ILO he has been responsible for policy development on the decent work agenda in the Director-General's Office; was Technical Director of the Secretariat for the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization; directed the ILO's Multi-disciplinary Technical Team for the Southern Cone of Latin America for several years; and has directed programmes of research and action on training systems, on labour markets and labour institutions and on population issues. His publications include work on poverty, inequality, social exclusion, employment, labour markets, child labour, population growth and economic development, including empirical work in South and Southeast Asia, in Latin America and in Europe.

Panel 5: “ Social protection options                                                                                                                   ▲ top

  • H.E. Ms. Judith Mbula Bahemuka is the Permanent Representative of Kenya to the United Nations. Before her current appointment, Ms. Bahemuka was the Chairman of the Social and Human Sciences National Committee at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) National Commission. Since 1998, Ms. Bahemuka has served as Director of the University of Nairobi's International Learning Centre, which she established. Between 1994 and 1998, she was professor and Chairman of the University's Department of Sociology. A trained sociologist, whose specialization is rural development, Ms. Bahemuka is the author of a number of books and publications on a wide range of issues. She has done sizeable work in the area of women and development, looking at the role of women in agricultural development. The Hubert Humphrey Fellowship at Cornell University is one of several fellowships Ms. Bahemuka has held. Ms. Bahemuka has also worked with the Kenya National AIDS Secretariat, and supported the 1992-1993 Evaluation of AIDS in Kenya. From 1995 to 1997, she participated in the preparation for the sessional paper on HIV/AIDS, chairing the Committee on Women, Children and HIV/AIDS. Born in the Makueni District on 5 May 1942, Ms. Bahemuka currently holds the UNESCO Chair on Women and Sustainable Development and represents Kenya at the UNESCO Executive Board. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1970 from Marygrove College in the United States. She has a master's degree and PhD from Nairobi University and an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Kalamazoo College, United States.

  • Professor Huck-ju Kwon is Associate Professor and the Chair of the Department of Public Administration, Sung Kyun Kwan University, Seoul, Korea. He was previously Research Coordinator at the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva. His recent publications included Transforming the Developmental Welfare State in East Asia (London: Palgrave, 2005), International Encyclopedia of Social Policy (co-editor, London: Routledge, forthcoming) and East Asian Welfare State: Welfare Orientalism and the State (London: Routlege, 1998).

  • Mr. Michael Cichon, formerly the Chief of Financial, Actuarial and Statistical Services Branch, is the Director of Social Security Department of the ILO.  He is the author and co-author of various policy and research papers on social security governance and financing, health care financing and the ILO text book series on “Quantitative Method in Social Protection.”   He also has worked as a health economist for the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in Germany.  He received masters degree in Mathematics from Technical University of Aachen, Master of Public Administration from Harvard University and PhD in Health Economics from the University of Gottingen Germany. 

  • Mr. Thandika Mkandawire is Director of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), and Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Development Research in Copenhagen. He is an economist with an extensive background in the promotion of comparative research on development issues. Former Executive Secretary of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), headquartered in Dakar. He is a member of the editorial boards of Global Governance; Development and Change; Africa Development and the Oxford Journal of Development Studies, and has recently served on the executive committees of the International Institute for Labour Studies, the Swedish NGO Fund for Human Rights, the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP) of the International Social Science Council, Care International, the Steering Committee of the UNU Project on Intellectual History, and the African Gender Institute.


Panel 6: “ Generating employment “                                                                                                                ▲ top

  • H. E. Mr. Munir Akram is the Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations in New York since May 21st, 2002. He holds a Master of Arts and Bachelor of Law from Karachi University. He has previously held many diplomatic positions for Pakistan, among others, Ambassador & Permanent Representative of Pakistan to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland (1995-2002); Additional Foreign Secretary (1992-1995), Ambassador of Pakistan to the European Community, Belgium and Luxembourg (1988-1992), and Director-General (United Nations, Economic Cooperation and Policy Planning), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1985-1988).

  • Professor Azizur Khan, is currently a Visiting Professor at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He was Professor of Economics at the University of California, Riverside from 1988 to 2005. His prior assignments included those at the World Bank, the International Labour Organization and the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. His published research in development economics has been concentrated in recent years in areas of employment, income distribution, poverty and globalization. His most recent book (jointly with Carl Riskin) is Inequality and Poverty in China in the Age of Globalization (Oxford University Press).

  • Mr. Anis Ahmad Dani, Social Policy Adviser, Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (ESSD) Network, World Bank

  • Mr. Janvier Désiré Nkurunziza, a national of Burundi, works for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA). He holds a doctorate in Economics from the University of Oxford where he was affiliated with the Center for the Study of African Economies. He was a Post-doctoral Fellow at Harvard University and Coordinator of a Discussion Group on African Politics in the Institute of Politics. Before joining Oxford University in 1998, he worked for the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa after a two-year period as a researcher and lecturer at the University of Burundi. He is a research member of the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) and the Global Development Network (GDN). He has authored a number of studies on Burundi and Kenya and his research interests include economic growth, political economy of Africa, economics of civil wars, and applied industrial organization.

  • Professor Prabhat Patnaik, Professor of Economics, Centre for Economic Studies and Planning, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

 

Closing Ceremony                                                                                     ▲ top

  • H.E. Mrs. Maria Angela Holguín is the Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations. Previously, Ms. Holguín served as her country's Ambassador to Venezuela from September 2002 until August 2004 and was the Coordinator of the International Affairs Committee of the Alvaro Uribe campaign. She also held the post of Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Foreign Affairs in charge in 1998. A political scientist of great expertise in Colombia foreign policy, Ms. Holguín was the Regional Director for Latin America of the Worldview International Foundation (1999) and has served as the Deputy Director in the office of the President of Colombia, as well as the advisor to the Deputy Minister, Chief of Staff and Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. On the regional plane, Ms. Holguín has served as the Colombian Coordinator of the thirty-ninth Assembly of the Inter-American Development Bank and the Inter-American Investment Corporation, as the Executive Director of the Regional Conference on Children of the Caribbean and Latin America and as the Technical Secretary of the Eleventh Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries. Ms. Holguín, who received her Bachelor of Science degree in political science from the University of Los Andes in Bogota, Colombia, also has specializations in Public Management and Administrative Institutions from the University of Los Andes and in diplomacy and strategy from the Centre d'Etudes Diplomatiques et Strategiques in Paris, France. She was born in Bogota, Colombia, and has one son.

  • Mr. José Antonio Ocampo is the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. He obtained his doctorate in Economics from Yale University and has been honored with the Alejandro Angel Escobar National Science Award. Prior to assuming his present position, Mr. Ocampo served as Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. He held a number of posts in the Government of Colombia, including those of Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Director of the National Planning Department and Minister of Agriculture. His academic pursuits have included service as Director of the Foundation for Higher Education and Development, Professor of Economics at the Universidad de Los Andes and the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and Visiting Professor at both Yale and Oxford Universities. He is the author of numerous books and articles on macroeconomics policy and theory, economic development, international trade and economic history.

▲ top

* *** *