Globalization and Interdependence
- Reports of the Secretary-General
- General Assembly resolutions
- General Assembly special events on globalization and interdependence
In the span of one generation, global economic interdependence has grown extraordinarily as a consequence of enormous technological progress and policies aimed at opening national economies internally and externally to competition.
Globalization has brought benefits and opportunities for many people in many parts of the world. However, many others have been excluded from its positive impact. Extreme poverty remains a daily reality for more than 1 billion people who subsist on less than $1 a day. More than 800 million people have too little to eat to meet their daily energy needs. Inequality between countries and within countries has also increased and global environmental risks have increasingly become a matter of global concern.
Promoting a coherent approach to policy making through greater coherence and co-ordination is essential to ensuring that the benefits of globalization are expanded and spread more broadly and that its potentially negative effects are diminished. The globalization of production, finance and information, among others, has not been matched by a corresponding reshaping of institutional mechanisms. Addressing this institutional and governance gap is the second great challenge of globalization. With its universal membership, the General Assembly is particularly well placed to serve as a forum for building consensus on how to better manage globalization in order to promote development.Globalization and interdependence has been included on the agenda of the Economic and Finance (Second) Committee of the General Assembly since 1999, following a High-Level Dialogue held on 17 - 18 September 1998 on the social and economic impact of globalization and interdependence and the policy implications. The General Assembly debates and, in particular, the special events of the Second Committee have provided a forum for exchanging views among Member States on globalization and interdependence. This has helped to forge a global consensus on actions that need to be taken at the global, regional and national level to turn globalization into a positive force for development that benefits all.
Reports of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence prepared by the Office of ECOSOC Support and Coordination:
- A/66/223 - Globalization and interdependence : sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth for a fair and more equitable globalization for all, including job creation
- A/64/310 - Globalization and interdependence: role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
- A/63/333 - Impact of globalization on the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals
- A/62/303 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence
- A/61/286 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence - The Role of Innovation, Science and Technology (S&T) in Pursuing Development in the Context of Globalization
- A/60/322 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence - Building Institutions for Achieving the Development Goals and Integrating in the Global Economy
- A/59/312 Report of the Secretary-General on globalization and interdependence
- A/58/394 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence.
- A/57/287 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
- A/56/445 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
- A/55/381 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
- A/54/358 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
General Assembly Resolutions on Globalization and Interdependence on the Role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
Note; Since the following resolutions all had the same title, I moved the title to the title of this section (just above) and took it out from next to each resolution as it seemed to be quite repetitive. Perhaps the resolutions listed below could be listed in two or three columns.
- 11 October, Panel discussion on "Alternative development strategies for job creation" by Ms. Lakshmi Puri, Deputy Executive Director and Assistant Secretary-General for Intergovernmental Support and Strategic Partnerships at the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), Mr. Peter Bakvis, Director, Washington Office of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and the associated Global Union Federations, Mr. Adam B. Greene, Vice President, Labour Affairs and Corporate Responsibility, United States Council for International Business, Mr. Massimiliano La Marca, Economic Policy Specialist, International Labour Organization, and Professor Akbar Noman, Senior Fellow, Initiative for Policy Dialogue, Columbia University.
- 24 October, Presentation, “The global economic situation and sovereign debt crisis”, by Professor Joseph Stiglitz, Columbia University and 2001 recipient of the Noble Prize in Economics. The presentation was held in the context of a joint meeting of the Second Committee and the Economic and Social Council.
- 27 October, Panel discussion on “Investing in productive capacities for job-rich growth”, by Ms. Michelle Bachelet, Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women); Mr. Juan Somavía, Director-General of the International Labour Organization (ILO); and Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Moderator). The panel discussino was held in the context of a joing meeting of the Second Committee and the Economic and Social Council.
- 4 October, Keynote address, “Stimulus and Regulation to Promote a Renewed and Spirited World Economy“, by Professor Robert J. Shiller, Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics, Yale University, and Professor of Finance, Yale School of Management
- 22 October, Panel discussion on "Follow-up to the outcome of the High-level Plenary Meeting relating to MDG 1, and an introduction to the Multidimensional Poverty Index" by Mr. Jomo K. Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Moderator), Prof. James Foster, Professor of Economics and International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington DC, Ms. Azita Berar Awad, Director, Employment Policy Department, International Labour Organization
- 12 October, Panel discussion on "Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Preparing the 2010 UN MDG Summit" by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director of the Earth Institute, and Professor of Health Policy and Management, Columbia University, Professor Esther Duflo, Abdul Latif Jameel Professor of Poverty Alleviation and Development Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Founder/Director of the Jameel Poverty Action Lab, Mr. Olav Kjǿrven, Assistant Secretary-General and Director of the Bureau for Development Policy, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Mr. Patrick Hayford, Director of the Office of the Special Adviser on Africa, United Nations. Summary of proceedings
- 29 October, Panel discussion on "Impact of the financial crisis on employment, trade, migration and external debt" by Mr. Juan Somavia, Director-General, International Labour Organization, Ms. Laura Thompson, Deputy Director-General, International Organization for Migration, Mr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Ms. Alicia Bárcena, Executive Secretary, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Mr. Andrew Steer, Director General for Policy and Research, Department for International Development (DFID), United Kingdom
- 6 October, Keynote address by Professor Ricardo Hausmann, Director of Harvard University's Center for International Development and Professor of the Practice of Economic Development at the Kennedy School of Government)
- 24 October, Panel discussion on “Globalisation and health” by Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO), H.E. Mr. Luvuyo Ndimeni, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of South Africa to the UN in Geneva, Dr. Nils Daulaire, Chief Executive Officer, Global Health Council, and Dr. Daniel Halperin, Senior Research Scientist, Lecturer in International Health, Harvard University School of Public Health. The panel discussion was chaired by H.E. Mrs. Uche Joy Ogwu (Nigeria), Chairperson of the Second Committee, and moderated by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director, The Earth Institute and Professor of Health Policy and Management, Columbia University
- 17 October, Keynote address by Dr. Edmund Phelps, Department of Economics, Columbia University, (2006 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics)
- 25 October, Panel discussion on “Bringing the Doha Development Round to a successful conclusion" with Mr. Pascal Lamy, Director-General, World Trade Organization, Geneva; Mr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD, Geneva;
- 2 November, Panel discussion on “Eradicating Poverty through Enterprise” with Mr. Shoaib Sultan Khan, Chairman, National Rural Support Programme, Pakistan; Prof. Aneel Karnani, Associate Professor of Strategy; Stephen M. Ross, School of Business, University of Michigan; Ms. Shulamit Ferdman, Director, MCTC Director of Microenterprise Development Courses, Haïfa, Israel; Ms. Sheri Willoughby, Senior Manager, Markets and Enterprise Program, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, USA; Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Chair);
- 7 November, Panel discussion on the “Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy: The value-added of multistakeholder cooperation in the governance of globalization”, Co-Chairs: Erkki Tuomioja, Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Finland and Dr. Augustine P. Mahiga, Permanent Representative of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations; Moderator: Alex Taylor, BBC; Panelists: Mary Robinson, President, Ethical Globalisation Initiative (NYC); William Pace, Executive Director, World Federalist Movement, Institute of Global Policy, Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, jointly organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland and OESC.
- 9 October, “The Future of Globalization: Growing complexities and challenges and search for solutions” keynote address by Dr. Kenneth Rogoff, Thomas D. Cabot Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge
- 18 October, “Social Policy in an Era of Globalisation”, keynote addresses by Professor Laura Tyson, Dean London Business School; Professor Kaushik Basu, C. Marks Professor of International Studies and Professor of Economics, Cornell University, New York and Dr. Michal Rutkowski, Director, Human Development Department Middle East and North African Region, The World Bank
- 30 October, “Negotiating Doha”, keynote addresses by Mr. Pascal Lamy, Director-General, World Trade Organization, Geneva; Mr. Gary Hufbauer, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow, Institute for International Economics, Washington D.C.; Dr. Carlos M. Correa, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
- 7 October, “In search of prosperity: A view on national growth strategies”, Keynote address by Professor Dani Rodrik, John F. Kennedy School on Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
- 1 October, "Development and Conflict", Paul Collier, Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, Oxford University
- 15 October, "Serving the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty through profits", by C.K. Prahalad, University of Michigan Business School
- 29 October, "Forging Coherence towards the Achievement of the MDGs in the context of Globalization and Interdependence", Prof. Amartya Sen, Harvard University and Mr. Martin Wolf, Financial Times
- 10 October, Corporate Responsibility, Mrs. Halima Embarek Warzazi, Chairperson of the Sub-commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights; Ms. Enery Quinones, Head, Anti-Corruption Division, OECD; Mr. Peter Utting, Acting Deputy Director and Research Co-coordinator on Corporate Social Responsibility of UNRISD; Ms. Malaika Culverwell, Senior Fellow at the Royal Institute for International Affairs, London.
- The Global Programme on Globalization, Liberalization and Sustainable Human Development (UNCTAD-UNDP)