Globalization and Interdependence

About

In the span of one generation, global economic interdependence has grown extraordinarily as a consequence of enormous technological progress and policies aimed at opening national economies internally and externally to competition.

Globalization has brought benefits and opportunities for many people in many parts of the world. However, many others have been excluded from its positive impact. Extreme poverty remains a daily reality for more than 1 billion people who subsist on less than $1 a day. More than 800 million people have too little to eat to meet their daily energy needs. Inequality between countries and within countries has also increased and global environmental risks have increasingly become a matter of global concern.

Promoting a coherent approach to policy making through greater coherence and co-ordination is essential to ensuring that the benefits of globalization are expanded and spread more broadly and that its potentially negative effects are diminished. The globalization of production, finance and information, among others, has not been matched by a corresponding reshaping of institutional mechanisms. Addressing this institutional and governance gap is the second great challenge of globalization. With its universal membership, the General Assembly is particularly well placed to serve as a forum for building consensus on how to better manage globalization in order to promote development.

Globalization and interdependence has been included on the agenda of the Economic and Finance (Second) Committee of the General Assembly since 1999, following a High-Level Dialogue held on 17 - 18 September 1998 on the social and economic impact of globalization and interdependence and the policy implications. The General Assembly debates and, in particular, the special events of the Second Committee have provided a forum for exchanging views among Member States on globalization and interdependence. This has helped to forge a global consensus on actions that need to be taken at the global, regional and national level to turn globalization into a positive force for development that benefits all.

Reports of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence prepared by the Office of ECOSOC Support and Coordination:  

  • A/66/223 - Globalization and interdependence : sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth for a fair and more equitable globalization for all, including job creation
  • A/64/310 - Globalization and interdependence: role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
  • A/63/333 - Impact of globalization on the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals
  • A/62/303 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence
  • A/61/286 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence - The Role of Innovation, Science and Technology (S&T) in Pursuing Development in the Context of Globalization
  • A/60/322 Report of the Secretary-General on Globalization and Interdependence - Building Institutions for Achieving the Development Goals and Integrating in the Global Economy
  • A/59/312 Report of the Secretary-General on globalization and interdependence
  • A/58/394 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence.
  • A/57/287 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
  • A/56/445 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
  • A/55/381 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence
  • A/54/358 Report of the Secretary-General on the role of the UN in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence

General Assembly Resolutions on Globalization and Interdependence on the Role of the United Nations in promoting development in the context of globalization and interdependence

Note;  Since the following resolutions all had the same title, I moved the title to the title of this section (just above) and took it out from next to each resolution as it seemed to be quite repetitive.  Perhaps the resolutions listed below could be listed in two or three columns. 

  • A/RES/61/207

General Assembly Special Events on Globalization and Interdependence organized by OESC:

2011

  • 11 October, Panel discussion on "Alternative development strategies for job creation" by Ms. Lakshmi Puri, Deputy Executive Director and Assistant Secretary-General for Intergovernmental Support and Strategic Partnerships at the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), Mr. Peter Bakvis, Director, Washington Office of the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and the associated Global Union Federations, Mr. Adam B. Greene, Vice President, Labour Affairs and Corporate Responsibility, United States Council for International Business, Mr. Massimiliano La Marca, Economic Policy Specialist, International Labour Organization, and Professor Akbar Noman, Senior Fellow, Initiative for Policy Dialogue, Columbia University.

2010

  • 4 October, Keynote address, “Stimulus and Regulation to Promote a Renewed and Spirited World Economy“, by Professor Robert J. Shiller, Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics, Yale University, and Professor of Finance, Yale School of Management

2009

2008

  • 6 October, Keynote address by Professor Ricardo Hausmann, Director of Harvard University's Center for International Development and Professor of the Practice of Economic Development at the Kennedy School of Government)

  • 24 October, Panel discussion on  “Globalisation and health” by Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization (WHO), H.E. Mr. Luvuyo Ndimeni, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of South Africa to the UN in Geneva, Dr. Nils Daulaire, Chief Executive Officer, Global Health Council, and Dr. Daniel Halperin, Senior Research Scientist, Lecturer in International Health, Harvard University School of Public Health. The panel discussion was chaired by H.E. Mrs. Uche Joy Ogwu (Nigeria), Chairperson of the Second Committee, and moderated by Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director, The Earth Institute and Professor of Health Policy and Management, Columbia University  
2007
  • 17 October, Keynote address by Dr. Edmund Phelps, Department of Economics, Columbia University, (2006 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics)

  • 25 October, Panel discussion on “Bringing the Doha Development Round to a successful conclusion" with Mr. Pascal Lamy, Director-General, World Trade Organization, Geneva; Mr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, Secretary-General of UNCTAD, Geneva;

  • 2 November, Panel discussion on “Eradicating Poverty through Enterprise” with Mr. Shoaib Sultan Khan, Chairman, National Rural Support Programme, Pakistan; Prof. Aneel Karnani, Associate Professor of Strategy; Stephen M. Ross, School of Business, University of Michigan; Ms. Shulamit Ferdman, Director, MCTC Director of Microenterprise Development Courses, Haïfa, Israel; Ms. Sheri Willoughby, Senior Manager, Markets and Enterprise Program, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, USA; Mr. Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (Chair);

  • 7 November, Panel discussion on the “Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy: The value-added of multistakeholder cooperation in the governance of globalization”, Co-Chairs: Erkki Tuomioja, Former Minister for Foreign Affairs, Finland and Dr. Augustine P. Mahiga, Permanent Representative of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations; Moderator: Alex Taylor, BBC; Panelists: Mary Robinson, President, Ethical Globalisation Initiative (NYC);  William Pace, Executive Director, World Federalist Movement, Institute of Global Policy, Jomo Kwame Sundaram, Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development,  United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, jointly organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland and OESC.
2006 2005 2004
  • 1 October, "Development and Conflict", Paul Collier, Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, Oxford University
2003

Links:

United Nations System: Intergovernmental Processes: