United Nations E-Government Survey 2010
The survey on the theme “Leveraging e-government at a time of financial and economic crisis” presents various roles for e-government in addressing the ongoing world financial and economic crisis. The public trust that is gained through transparency can be further enhanced through the free sharing of government data based on open standards. The ability of e-government to handle speed and complexity can also underpin regulatory reform.
While technology is no substitute for good policy, it may give citizens the power to question the actions of regulators and bring systemic issues to the fore. Similarly, e-government can add agility to public service delivery to help governments respond to an expanded set of demands even as revenues fall short. Since the last edition of the survey, in 2008, governments have made great strides in development of online services, especially in middle-income countries.
The costs associated with telecommunication infrastructure and human capital continue to impede e-government development. However, effective strategies and legal frameworks can compensate significantly, even in least developed countries. Those who are able to harness the potential of expanded broadband access in developed regions and mobile cellular networks in developing countries to advance the UN development agenda have much to gain going forward.
For more information: http://www2.unpan.org/egovkb/global_reports/10report.htm
Monthly Bulletin of Statistics and MBS Online
The Monthly Bulletin of Statistics presents current economic and social statistics for more than 200 countries and territories of the world. It contains over 50 tables of monthly and/or annual and quarterly data on a variety of subjects illustrating important economic trends and developments, including population, prices, employment and earnings, energy, manufacturing, transport, construction, international merchandise trade and finance.
Vol. LXIV – No. 3, March 2010
Quarterly and bimonthly features in this issue:
18. Fuel imports, developed economies: unit value and volume indices; value
19. Indicators on fuel imports, developed economies
30. Registration of new motor vehicles
37. External trade conversion factors
39. Manufactured goods exports: unit value indices, volume indices and value
51. Selected series of world statistics
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mbs
2007 Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles
The publication contains energy balances for 118 developing countries, showing energy production, trade, conversion and consumption for each fuel used in the country; and electricity profiles for 194 countries, providing detailed information on production, trade and consumption of electricity, net installed capacity and thermal power plant input for selected developing and developed countries.
This publication is a source of overall consumption statistics of energy commodities in all sectors and of detailed information on production, trade and consumption of electricity, net installed capacity and thermal power plant input and efficiency.
For more information: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pubs/gesgrid.asp?id=417
Four facts sheets were published by DESA’s Population Division in March and April. Details are provided below.
The first, Speeding Progress on the Millennium Development Goals, highlights the role that family planning could play in helping achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Providing family planning is a cost effective solution to achieving the MDGs. There is considerable scope for expanding family planning programmes, particularly in least developed countries where there are high levels of unmet need for contraception which are the result of barriers to accessing supplies and services.
Health Workers, International Migration and Development, is the second of the fact sheets. It outlines the shortage of heath workers that exists in many countries. These shortages are particularly acute in sub-Saharan Africa and, within countries, are experienced primarily in rural areas. A significant proportion of health workers in OECD countries are immigrants and emigration is contributing to shortages of health workers in some developing countries. However, the fact sheet points out that these shortages are not due primarily to migration of heath workers. Codes of practice in the ethical recruitment of health workers, particularly by developed countries, are discussed.
The Age Distribution of Deaths is the third of the fact sheets and provides an overview of how the pattern of death by age is changing. In high- and upper-middle-income countries, 78 per cent of deaths occur at age 60 or over and 40 per cent at age 80 or over. In sharp contrast, just 35 per cent of deaths in low-income countries occur at age 60 or over and the proportion at age 80 or over is a low 9 per cent. In low-income countries, there are almost as many deaths among children as among the elderly. As countries develop there is a shift in deaths from communicable diseases, which are most likely to affect the young, to non-communicable diseases, which occur primarily at older ages.
The fourth fact sheet, Sex Differentials in Mortality, reviews data on the differentials in mortality between males and females. In most countries, male mortality is higher than female mortality at all ages and male life expectancy is lower than female life expectancy. In Africa, the differences between female and male mortality are smaller, and although both sexes suffer from very high mortality risks male mortality is higher. Excess female mortality, particularly among children, is high is some parts of the world such as China and India. Male mortality is especially high relative to that of females in Eastern Europe and in Latin America and the Caribbean.
For more information: http://www.un.org/esa/population/