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From Africa Recovery, Vol.15# 1-2 (June 2001), page 7
Kofi Annan: A call to action
At the Abuja summit on AIDS and in a speech a few days later in Philadelphia, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan proposed five key priorities for the global battle against HIV/AIDS:
Preventing further spread of the epidemic, especially by giving young people -- those at greatest risk of infection -- the knowledge and power to protect themselves. Large-scale awareness campaigns must be mounted, and access provided to voluntary counselling, testing and, when appropriate, condoms.
Reducing HIV transmission from mother to child. All mothers must be able to find out whether they are HIV-positive, and those who are must have access to short-term anti-retroviral therapy, which has been shown to reduce mother-to-child transmission by up to half.
Ensuring that care and treatment is within reach of all. This includes access to affordable HIV-related drugs, as well as voluntary counselling and testing, home and community-based care, and simple treatments for opportunistic infections.
Delivering scientific breakthroughs. Higher priority must be given in scientific budgets to finding both a cure for HIV/AIDS and, more importantly, a vaccine against the disease.
Protecting those made most vulnerable by the epidemic, especially orphans.
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