The Ten-Year Capacity Building Programme (TYCBP) for the African Union
The Ten-Year Capacity Building Programme (TYCBP) for the African Union (AU) was the result of a Declaration signed in 2006 by the United Nations Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan, and the then Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Mr. Alpha Konare, as called for in UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/60/1 of 2005.
The Declaration was subsequently endorsed by the UN General Assembly (Resolution 63/310) and the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government.
The main objectives of the TYCBP-AU are to enhance institutional and technical capacities and cooperation between the UN, AU and RECs. In this respect, the programme establishes a basis for expanding and strengthening consultations and cooperation between the UN System and the AU and RECs.
It is a comprehensive programme that reflects a broad range of UN efforts in support of the African Union in areas such as:
- Institution building;
- Human resources development and financial management;
- Peace and security, human rights, political, legal and electoral matters;
- Social, economic, cultural and human development; and
- Food security as well as environmental protection.
OSAA’s contribution to the implementation of the TYCBP is mainly through the Interdepartmental Task Force on African Affairs (IDTFA), which is convened and chaired by OSAA, and through the Regional Coordination Mechanism. In order to ensure UN support is tailored to the specific needs of the continent, OSAA also creates platforms that facilitate regular interactions and engagement between:
- The African Union,
- The Regional Economic Communities,
- The NEPAD Agency, and
- Other United Nations agencies.
One of these platforms is the annual briefing by the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) to UN Member States and system, which OSAA convenes on the margins of the General Assembly debate on the development of Africa to foster and enhance synergies and cooperation among the RECs on the one hand, and between the RECs and the United Nations System and international community, on the other.
The annual RECs briefing promotes mutual sharing of information among RECs about their respective efforts. It also raises awareness of the international community and United Nations system on the work programmes and challenges of the RECs, thus leveraging enhanced support for the implementation of TYCBP.
Review and Progress
UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/60/1 of 2005 which called for the TYCBP also called for a review of the programme every three years:
- The first review, conducted in 2010, covered the period from 2006 to 2009.
- The second review, undertaken in 2013, covered the period 2010-2012, and was presented to the Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM-Africa) at its 15th session in Abuja, Nigeria.
- The third triennial review of the TYCBP is expected to take place at the expiration of the programme at the end of 2016.
Through the TYCBP, the UN entities, particularly through the RCM, have supported the AU’s efforts and initiatives to define and articulate its priorities and strategies for the realization of its objectives and goals, including in regional integration.
UN entities in the RCM-Africa system have partnered well with the AU in supporting the frameworks, agendas, plans and programmes being implemented for Africa's integration and development in the various areas such as:
- Industrial development,
- Science and technology,
- Human resources,
- Governance and human rights,
- Peace and security, etc.
It has also facilitated the UN support to the AU in its negotiations on global issues such as international trade - the Doha Round - and climate change.
Furthermore, the AU, in close and active collaboration with the UN System in Africa has formulated several short, medium and long-term integration and development blueprints in the past ten years. These include:
- the African Union Commission and NEPAD Coordinating Agency Strategic Plans (2014-2017),
- the African Common African Position (CAP) on the post -2015 Development Agenda, and
- Africa’s Agenda 2063 and its First Ten Year Implementation Plan 2014 -2023.
TYCBP Successor Programme
The TYCBP comes to an end in 2016. In building on its achievements, the UN and AU have jointly proposed a successor programme for a renewed UN/AU Partnership on Africa's Integration and Development Agendas (PAIDA). PAIDA was formulated in consultations with:
- the United Nations,
- the African Union including the NEPAD Agency,
- the Regional Economic Communities, and
- the African Development Bank.
United Nations Ten-Year Capacity Building Programme for the African Union, Second Triennial Review 2010-2012, Final Report (2014)