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Oceans and Coastal Areas

Small islands

The preparation and holding of the 1994 Conference on Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States in Barbados as a direct result of Agenda 21 produced a more comprehensive evaluation of the special environmental problems and vulnerabilities of small islands, and a plan of action to address them (UN, 1994a) [see the UNEP Islands web page]. The vulnerability of small island developing States can be illustrated by the facts that 65 percent of their GDP is derived from imports and exports, over twice that of other countries, and that a single cyclone can wipe out their entire agricultural production (Briguglio, 1995).


Briguglio, Lino. 1995. Small Island Developing States and Their Economic Vulnerabilities. World Development 23(9): 1615-1632.

UN. 1994a. Report of the Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States, Barbados, 1994. A/CONF.167/9.


Emerging Issues


UNEP/DEWA/Earthwatch 1996-2003