United Nations

A/RES/S-14/1


General Assembly

 7th plenary meeting
                                            20 September 1986


                                           

                      Question of Namibia

    The General Assembly

    Having considered the question of Namibia at a special session,

    Reaffirming that Namibia is the direct responsibility of the
United Nations until genuine self-determination and national independence are
achieved in terms of the relevant resolutions and decisions of the General
Assembly, in particular resolutions 2145 (XXI) of 27 October 1966 and 2248 (S-V)
of 19 May 1967,

    Gravely concerned that, twenty years after the termination by the
General Assembly of the Mandate of South Africa over Namibia, the racist regime
continues its illegal occupation of the Territory in violation of the relevant
resolutions and decisions of the United Nations,

    Declaring that the illegal occupation of Namibia by racist South
Africa, its brutal repression of the Namibian people and its repeated acts of
aggression against and destabilization of neighbouring sovereign States,
including from the Territory of Namibia, constitute a breach of international
peace and security,

    Gravely concerned at the use of the Territory of Namibia by the
racist Pretoria regime as a springboard of aggression against and
destabilization of front-line States, particularly the People's Republic of
Angola,

    Stressing the solemn responsibility of the international community
to support fully the Namibian people in their just and legitimate liberation
struggle by all available means, including armed struggle, under the leadership
of the South West Africa People's Organization, their sole and authentic
representative,

    Recognizing that 1986 marks the twentieth anniversary of the
launching of the armed struggle by the South West Africa People's Organization
against racist South Africa's colonial occupation,

    Reaffirming the mandate of the United Nations Council for Namibia
as the legal Administering Authority for Namibia until the Territory achieves
independence, and emphasizing that the activities of the United Nations Council
for Namibia, undertaken in close co-operation with the South West Africa
People's Organization, should be fully supported by all Governments, specialized
agencies and international organizations so as to enable it to implement its
mandate,

    Gravely concerned at the rapid depletion of the natural resources
of Namibia, which are the inviolable heritage of its people,

    Deeply concerned that the Security Council has been prevented from
adopting appropriate measures under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United
Nations, as the only remaining peaceful means of implementing Council
resolutions 385 (1976) of 30 January 1976 and 435 (1978) of 29 September 1978,
by the repeated vetoes of two Western permanent members of the Council,

    Bearing in mind the report of the Secretary-General to the effect
that all outstanding issues pertaining to the implementation of Security Council
resolution 435 (1978) were resolved when agreement was reached on the electoral
system in November 1985,

    Taking into consideration the final documents of the International
Conference for the Immediate Independence of Namibia, the twenty-second ordinary
session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of
African Unity, held at Addis Ababa from 28 to 30 July 1986 and the Eighth
Conference of Heads of State and Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at
Harare from 1 to 7 September 1986, including the special appeal made by the
Conference on the question of Namibia,

    Having heard the statement of the Acting President of the United
Nations Council for Namibia, the legal Administering Authority for the Territory
until genuine independence is achieved,

    Having heard the statement of the Secretary for Foreign Affairs of
the South West Africa People's Organization, the sole and authentic
representative of the Namibian people,

    Having heard the statements of the representatives of the Chairmen
of the Organization of African Unity and the Movement of Non-Aligned Countries,

    1.  Reaffirms the inalienable right of the Namibian people to
self-determination, freedom and national independence in an untruncated
territory including Walvis Bay, the Penguin Islands and all adjacent offshore
islands in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and General
Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, as well as the subsequent
relevant resolutions and decisions of the Assembly and the Security Council;

    2.  Strongly condemns the racist regime of South Africa for its
continued illegal occupation of Namibia and its persistent refusal to comply
with the resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly and the Security
Council, thus violating the principles of the Charter and defying the authority
of the United Nations;

    3.  Demands once again that the apartheid regime of South Africa
immediately and unconditionally withdraw its illegal administration, occupation
army and police force from Namibia;

    4.  Calls upon the United Nations Council for Namibia to take
immediate practical measures to establish its Administration in Namibia in
accordance with General Assembly resolutions 2248 (S-V) of 19 May 1967 and 40/97
A of 13 December 1985;

    5.  Strongly condemns once again the racist regime of South Africa
for the installation of the so-called interim government in Namibia on 17 June
1985 and rejects as illegal, null and void all such fradulent constitutional and
political schemes by which the Pretoria regime attempts to perpetuate its
illegal occupation of Namibia;

    6.  Reaffirms its support of the South West Africa People's
Organization, the sole and authentic representative of the Namibian people in
accordance with General Assembly resolutions 3111 (XXVIII) of 12 December 1973
and 31/146 and 31/152 of 20 December 1976, and calls upon Member States to
render it increased and sustained support and material, financial, military and
other assistance to enable it to intensify its struggle for the liberation of
Namibia;

    7.  Upholds the legitimacy of the struggle of the Namibian people
by every means at their disposal, including armed struggle, to repel South
Africa's aggression and to achieve self-determination, freedom and independence
in a united Namibia;

    8.  Commends the South West Africa People's Organization for their
exemplary leadersip provided by it to the Namibian people for over a quarter of
a century and for the sacrifices made in the field of battle;

    9.  Calls upon the specialized agencies and other organizations of
the United Nations system to provide assistance on a priority basis, within
their spheres of competence, to the Namibian people through the South West
Africa People's Organization;

    10. Emphasizes once again that the only parties to the conflict in
Namibia are, on the one hand, the Namibian people represented by the South West
Africa People's Organization, their sole and authentic representative, and, on
the other, the racist regime of South Africa, which illegally occupies the
Territory;

    11. Reiterates its call upon the international community to extend,
as a matter of urgency, all support and assistance to the front-line States in
order to enable them to defend their sovereignty and territorial integrity
against the repeated acts of aggression by South Africa;

    12. Reaffirms that the United Nations plan for the independence of
Namibia, contained in Security Council resolutions 385 (1976) and 435 (1978), is
the only internationally accepted basis for a peaceful settlement of the
question of Namibia, and demands its immediate implementation without
pre-condition or modification;

    13. Calls upon South Africa to desist from linking the
independence of Namibia to irrelevant and extraneous issues such as the presence
of Cuban troops in Angola as such linkage is incompatible with the relevant
United Nations resolutions, particularly Security Council resolution 435 (1978);

    14. Strongly rejects the policies of "constructive engagement" and
"linkage" which have served to encourage the racist regime of South Africa to
continue its illegal occupation of Namibia and calls for their abandonment so
that United Nations resolutions and decisions on the question of Namibia can be
implemented;

    15. Urges the Security Council to exercise its authority with
regard to the implementation of its resolutions 385 (1976), 435 (1978), 532
(1983) of 31 May 1983, 539 (1983) of 28 October 1983 and 566 (1985) of 19 June
1985 and to act decisively against any dilatory manoeuvres and fradulent schemes
of racist South Africa in Namibia, through the adoption of comprehensive
mandatory sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter;

    16. Reiterates that comprehensive mandatory sanctions under
Chapter VII of the Charter are the most effective peaceful measures to ensure
the compliance of racist South Africa with the resolutions and decisions of the
United Nations on the question of Namibia;

    17. Strongly urges once again those States that have not done so
to cease forthwith, individually and collectively, all dealings with South
Africa, in order to isolate it totally, politically, economically, militarily
and culturally;

    18. Condemns the plunder by South Africa and other foreign
economic interests of the natural resources of Namibia in contravention of the
relevant resolutions of the United Nations and of Decree No. 1 for the
Protection of the Natural Resources of Namibia;

     19.  Calls upon the Security Council to convene urgently to
take action for the immediate and unconditional implementation of the United
Nations plan for the independence of Namibia, endorsed by Council resolution 435
(1978);

     20.  Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his
personal commitment to the independence of Namibia and for his efforts aimed at
the implementation of resolutions and decisions of the United Nations on the
question of Namibia, particularly Security Council resolution 435 (1978) and
urges him to continue those efforts;

     21.  Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly as appropriate, but not later than 31 December 1986, on the
implementation of the present resolution.
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