United Nations

A/RES/51/99


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

3 March 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 110 (b)


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/619/Add.2)]


                         51/99.  Right to development


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the Declaration on the Right to Development, 1/
which it proclaimed at its forty-first session,

      Noting that 4 December 1996 marked the tenth anniversary of the
adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development, which
represents a landmark and a meaningful instrument for countries and
people worldwide,

      Reaffirming the commitment contained in the Charter of the United
Nations to promote social progress and better standards of life in
larger freedom,

      Recalling its resolutions 45/97 of 14 December 1990, 46/123 of
17 December 1991, 47/123 of 18 December 1992, 48/130 of
20 December 1993, 49/183 of 23 December 1994 and 50/184 of
22 December 1995 and those of the Commission on Human Rights relating
to the right to development, and taking note of Commission resolution
1996/15 of 11 April 1996, 2/

      Recalling also the report on the Global Consultation on the
Realization of the Right to Development as a Human Right, 3/

      Recalling further the principles proclaimed in the Rio
Declaration on Environment and Development of 14 June 1992, 4/

      Mindful that the Commission on Human Rights continues to consider
this matter, which is directed towards the implementation and further
enhancement of the right to development,

      Noting the need for coordination and cooperation throughout the
United Nations system for a more effective promotion of the right to
development,

      Recognizing that the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights and the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat have
important roles to play in the promotion and protection of the right
to development,

      Reaffirming the need for action at the national and international
levels by all States to realize all human rights, and the need for
relevant evaluation mechanisms to ensure the promotion, encouragement
and reinforcement of the principles contained in the Declaration on
the Right to Development,

      Welcoming the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993, 5/ which
reaffirms the right to development as a universal and inalienable
right and an integral part of all fundamental human rights and
reaffirms that the human person is the central subject of development,

      Recalling that the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
examined the relationship between democracy, development and human
rights, and recognizing the importance of creating a favourable
environment in which everyone may enjoy their human rights as set out
in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,

      Recalling also that, in order to promote development, equal
attention and urgent consideration should be given to the
implementation, promotion and protection of civil, political,
economic, social and cultural rights, and recognizing that all human
rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and
that the universality, objectivity, impartiality and non-selectivity
of the consideration of human rights issues must be ensured,

      Noting that aspects of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development, adopted by the
Conference on 13 September 1994, 6/ the Copenhagen Declaration on
Social Development and the Programme of Action of the World Summit for
Social Development, adopted by the World Summit on 12 March 1995, 7/ 
the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action, adopted by the
Fourth World Conference on Women on 15 September 1995, 8/ and the
United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II), held at
Istanbul, Turkey, from 3 to 14 June 1996, are relevant to the
universal realization of the right to development, within the context
of promoting and protecting all human rights,

      Expressing concern that obstacles to the realization of the right
to development still exist, at both the national and international
levels, ten years after the adoption of the Declaration on the Right
to Development,

      Noting that the first session of the Intergovernmental Group of
Experts established by the Commission on Human Rights to elaborate a
strategy for the implementation and promotion of the right to
development, as set forth in the Declaration on the Right to
Development, in its integrated and multidimensional aspects, was held
at Geneva from 4 to 15 November 1996,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General prepared
pursuant to General Assembly resolution 50/184, 9/

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the right to development for
every human person and all peoples in all countries, in particular the
developing countries, as an integral part of fundamental human rights;

      2.    Urges States to pursue the promotion and protection of
economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights and the
implementation of comprehensive development programmes, integrating
these rights into development activities;

      3.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 9/

      4.    Reiterates its commitment to implementing the results of the
World Conference on Human Rights, which reaffirm that all human rights
are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated and that
democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the Commission
on Human Rights at its fifty-third session a report on the
implementation of Commission resolution 1996/15;

      6.    Reiterates that lasting progress towards the implementation
of the right to development requires effective development policies at
the national level, as well as equitable economic relations and a
favourable economic environment at the international level;

      7.    Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights to consider
carefully the report of the first session of the Intergovernmental
Group of Experts to elaborate a strategy for the implementation and
promotion of the right to development, as set forth in the Declaration
on the Right to Development, in its integrated and multidimensional
aspects, bearing in mind the conclusions of the Working Group on the
Right to Development established by the Commission on Human Rights in
its resolution 1993/22 of 4 March 1993 10/ and the conclusions of
the World Conference on Human Rights and of the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development, the International
Conference on Population and Development, the World Summit for Social
Development, the Fourth World Conference on Women and the United
Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II);

      8.    Notes the efforts made by the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights within his mandate, and encourages him
to continue the coordination of the various activities with regard to
the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to Development,
including a programmatic follow-up to the establishment in the Centre
for Human Rights of the Secretariat of a new branch, the primary
responsibilities of which include the promotion of the right to
development, as part of the effort to implement the Vienna Declaration
and Programme of Action; 5/

      9.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, within his mandate, to continue to take steps for the
promotion and protection of the right to development by, inter alia,
working in conjunction with the Centre for Human Rights and drawing on
the expertise of the funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the
United Nations system related to the field of development;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to inform the Commission on
Human Rights at its fifty-third session and the General Assembly at
its fifty-second session of the activities of the organizations,
funds, programmes and specialized agencies of the United Nations
system for the implementation of the Declaration on the Right to
Development, as well as obstacles identified by them to the
realization of the right to development;

      11.   Calls upon all Member States to make further concrete
efforts at the national and international levels to remove the
obstacles to the realization of the right to development;

      12.   Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights to continue to
make proposals to the General Assembly through the Economic and Social
Council, on the future course of action on the question, in particular
on practical measures for the implementation and enhancement of the
Declaration on the Right to Development, including comprehensive and
effective measures to eliminate obstacles to its implementation,
taking into account the conclusions and recommendations of the Global
Consultation on the Realization of the Right to Development as a Human
Right, the reports of the Working Group on the Right to Development
and the report of the Intergovernmental Group of Experts to elaborate
a strategy for the implementation and promotion of the right to
development;

      13.   Calls upon all States to address, within the declarations
and programmes of action adopted by the relevant international
conferences convened by the United Nations, the elements for the
promotion and protection of the principles of the right to development
as set out in the Declaration on the Right to Development;

      14.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on the
implementation of the present resolution to the General Assembly at
its fifty-second session;

      15.   Decides to consider this question at its fifty-second
session under the sub-item entitled "Human rights questions, including
alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human
rights and fundamental freedoms".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 41/128, annex.

2/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

3/    E/CN.4/1990/9/Rev.1.

4/    See Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1(Vol.
I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1)) (United
Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda), vol. I: 
Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex I.

5/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

6/    Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

7/    A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

8/    A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

9/    A/51/539.

10/   See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1993,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1993/23), chap. II, sect. A.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org