United Nations

A/RES/51/84


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 109


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/618)]


            51/84.      Universal realization of the right of
                        peoples to self-determination


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the importance, for the effective guarantee and
observance of human rights, of the universal realization of the right
of peoples to self-determination enshrined in the Charter of the
United Nations and embodied in the International Covenants on Human
Rights, 1/ as well as in the Declaration on the Granting of
Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples contained in its
resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960,

      Welcoming the progressive exercise of the right to self-
determination by peoples under colonial, foreign or alien occupation
and their emergence into sovereign statehood and independence,

      Deeply concerned at the continuation of acts or threats of
foreign military intervention and occupation that are threatening to
suppress, or have already suppressed, the right to self-determination
of an increasing number of sovereign peoples and nations,

      Expressing grave concern that, as a consequence of the
persistence of such actions, millions of people have been and are
being uprooted from their homes as refugees and displaced persons, and
emphasizing the urgent need for concerted international action to
alleviate their condition,

      Recalling the relevant resolutions regarding the violation of the
right of peoples to self-determination and other human rights as a
result of foreign military intervention, aggression and occupation
adopted by the Commission on Human Rights at its thirty-sixth, 2/
thirty-seventh, 3/ thirty-eighth, 4/ thirty-ninth, 5/
fortieth, 6/ forty-first, 7/ forty-second, 8/ forty-third, 9/
forty-fourth, 10/ forty-fifth, 11/ forty-sixth, 12/ forty-seventh, 13/
forty-eighth, 14/ forty-ninth, 15/ fiftieth, 16/ fifty-first 17/ and
fifty-second 18/ sessions,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 35/35 B of 14 November 1980, 36/10 of
28 October 1981, 37/42 of 3 December 1982, 38/16 of 22 November 1983,
39/18 of 23 November 1984, 40/24 of 29 November 1985, 41/100 of 4
December 1986, 42/94 of 7 December 1987, 43/105 of 8 December 1988,
44/80 of 8 December 1989, 45/131 of 14 December 1990, 46/88 of 16
December 1991, 47/83 of 16 December 1992, 48/93 of 20 December 1993,
49/148 of 23 December 1994 and 50/139 of 21 December 1995,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on the right
of peoples to self-determination, 19/

      1.    Reaffirms that the universal realization of the right of all
peoples, including those under colonial, foreign and alien domination,
to self-determination is a fundamental condition for the effective
guarantee and observance of human rights and for the preservation and
promotion of such rights;

      2.    Declares its firm opposition to acts of foreign military
intervention, aggression and occupation, since these have resulted in
the suppression of the right of peoples to self-determination and
other human rights in certain parts of the world;

      3.    Calls upon those States responsible to cease immediately
their military intervention in and occupation of foreign countries and
territories and all acts of repression, discrimination, exploitation
and maltreatment, particularly the brutal and inhuman methods
reportedly employed for the execution of those acts against the
peoples concerned;

      4.    Deplores the plight of the millions of refugees and
displaced persons who have been uprooted as a result of the
aforementioned acts, and reaffirms their right to return to their
homes voluntarily in safety and honour;

      5.    Requests the Commission on Human Rights to continue to give
special attention to the violation of human rights, especially the
right to self-determination, resulting from foreign military
intervention, aggression or occupation;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to report on this question to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session under the item
entitled "Right of peoples to self-determination".


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

2/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1980,
Supplement No. 3 and corrigendum (E/1980/13 and Corr.1), chap. XXVI,
sect. A.

3/    Ibid., 1981, Supplement No. 5 and corrigendum (E/1981/25 and
Corr.1), chap. XXVIII, sect. A.

4/    Ibid., 1982, Supplement No. 2 and corrigendum (E/1982/12 and
Corr.1), chap. XXVI, sect. A.

5/    Ibid., 1983, Supplement No. 3 and corrigendum (E/1983/13 and
Corr.1), chap. XXVII, sect. A.

6/    Ibid., 1984, Supplement No. 4 and corrigendum (E/1984/14 and
Corr.1), chap. II, sect. A.

7/    Ibid., 1985, Supplement No. 2 (E/1985/22), chap. II, sect. A.

8/    Ibid., 1986, Supplement No. 2 (E/1986/22), chap. II, sect. A.

9/    Ibid., 1987, Supplement No. 5 and corrigenda (E/1987/18 and
Corr.1 and 2), chap. II, sect. A.

10/   Ibid., 1988, Supplement No. 2 and corrigendum (E/1988/12 and
Corr.1), chap. II, sect. A.

11/   Ibid., 1989, Supplement No. 2 (E/1989/20), chap. II, sect. A.

12/   Ibid., 1990, Supplement No. 2 and corrigendum (E/1990/22 and
Corr.1), chap. II, sect. A.

13/   Ibid., 1991, Supplement No. 2 (E/1991/22), chap. II, sect. A.

14/   Ibid., 1992, Supplement No. 2 (E/1992/22), chap. II, sect. A.

15/   Ibid., 1993, Supplement No. 3 (E/1993/23), chap. II, sect. A.

16/   Ibid., 1994, Supplement No. 4 and corrigendum (E/1994/24 and
Corr.1), chap. II, sect. A.

17/   Ibid., 1995, Supplement No. 3 and corrigenda (E/1995/23 and
Corr.1 and 2), chap. II, sect. A.

18/   Ibid., 1996, Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

19/   A/51/414.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org