United Nations

A/RES/51/81


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

26 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 108


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/617)]


            51/81.      Third Decade to Combat Racism and
                        Racial Discrimination


      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the objectives set forth in the Charter of the United
Nations of achieving international cooperation in solving problems of
an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character and in
promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or
religion,

      Reaffirming also its firm determination and its commitment to
eradicate totally and unconditionally racism, in all its forms, and
racial discrimination,

      Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1/ the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Discrimination 2/ and the Convention against Discrimination in
Education adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization on 14 December 1960, 3/

      Recalling also the outcome of the two World Conferences to Combat
Racism and Racial Discrimination, held at Geneva in 1978 and 1983,

      Welcoming the outcome of the World Conference on Human Rights,
held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, and, in particular, the
attention given in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
4/ to the elimination of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and
other forms of intolerance,

      Stressing the importance of the activities of the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on contemporary forms of
racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/91 of 20 December 1993 and 49/146 of
23 December 1994, by which, respectively, it proclaimed the Third
Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination and adopted the
revised Programme of Action for the Third Decade,

      Noting with grave concern that, despite the efforts of the
international community, the principal objectives of the two previous
Decades for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination have not
been attained and that millions of human beings continue to this day
to be the victims of varied forms of racism and racial discrimination,

      Noting with great concern that, despite the efforts undertaken by
the international community at various levels, racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related forms of intolerance, ethnic
antagonism and acts of violence are showing signs of increase,

      Noting with concern that technological developments in the field
of communications, including computer networks such as the Internet,
have been used for dissemination of racist and xenophobic propaganda
throughout the world,

      Having considered the reports submitted by the Secretary-
General 5/ within the framework of the implementation of the
Programme of Action for the Third Decade,

      Firmly convinced of the need to take more effective and sustained
measures at the national and international levels for the elimination
of all forms of racism and racial discrimination,

      Recognizing the importance of strengthening national legislation
and institutions for the promotion of racial harmony,

      Deeply concerned about the fact that the phenomenon of racism and
racial discrimination against migrant workers continues to increase
despite efforts undertaken by the international community to improve
the protection of the human rights of migrant workers and members of
their families,

      Recalling the adoption of the International Convention on the
Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their
Families 6/ at its forty-fifth session,

      Acknowledging that indigenous people are at times victims of
particular forms of racism and racial discrimination,

      1.    Declares once again that all forms of racism and racial
discrimination, whether in their institutionalized form or resulting
from official doctrine of racial superiority or exclusivity, such as
ethnic cleansing, are among the most serious violations of human
rights in the contemporary world and must be combated by all available
means;

      2.    Recalls with satisfaction the proclamation of the Third
Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, which began in
1993, and requests the Secretary-General to make a further review of
the Programme of Action with a view to making it more effective and
action-oriented;

      3.    Calls upon Governments to cooperate more closely with the
Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on contemporary
forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related
intolerance to enable him to fulfil his mandate;

      4.    Urges all Governments to take all necessary measures to
combat new forms of racism, in particular by adapting constantly the
means provided to combat them, especially in the legislative,
administrative, educational and information fields;

      5.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights to give priority, through the Centre for Human Rights of the
Secretariat, to the follow-up of programmes and activities for
combating racism and racial discrimination;

      6.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to accord special
attention to the situation of migrant workers and members of their
families and to include regularly in his reports all information on
such workers;

      7.    Calls upon all Member States to consider signing and
ratifying or acceding to the International Convention on the
Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their
Families as a matter of priority;

      8.    Commends all States that have ratified or acceded to the
international instruments to combat racism and racial discrimination;

      9.    Encourages the media to promote ideas of tolerance and
understanding among peoples and between different cultures;

      10.   Recommends that a seminar be organized by the Centre for
Human Rights in cooperation with the Committee on the Elimination of
Racial Discrimination, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organization, the International Telecommunication Union and
other relevant United Nations bodies, non-governmental organizations
and Internet service providers, with a view to assessing the role of
the Internet in the light of the provisions of the International
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue the study on the
effects of racial discrimination on the children of minorities, in
particular those of migrant workers, in the fields of education,
training and employment and to submit, inter alia, specific
recommendations for the implementation of measures to combat the
effects of that discrimination;

      12.   Urges the Secretary-General, United Nations bodies, the
specialized agencies, all Governments, intergovernmental organizations
and relevant non-governmental organizations, in implementing the
Programme of Action for the Third Decade, to pay particular attention
to the situation of indigenous people;

      13.   Requests States to consider the relevant decisions of the
Economic and Social Council on the integrated follow-up to previous
world conferences and the need to make optimum use of all available
mechanisms in the struggle against racism;

      14.   Strongly underlines the importance of education as a
significant means of preventing and eradicating racism and racial
discrimination and of creating awareness of principles of human
rights, particularly among young people, and in this regard renews its
invitation to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization to expedite the preparation of teaching materials and
teaching aids to promote teaching, training and educational activities
on human rights and against racism and racial discrimination, with
particular emphasis on activities at the primary and secondary levels
of education;

      15.   Considers that all the parts of the Programme of Action for
the Third Decade should be given equal attention in order to attain
the objectives of the Decade;

      16.   Regrets the lack of interest, support and financial
resources for the Third Decade and its related Programme of Action,
reflected in the fact that the Centre for Human Rights has been able
to organize only one seminar since the adoption of resolution 48/91 in
1993, and notes that unless a supplementary financial effort is made
very few of the activities planned for the period 1994-1997 will be
carried out;

      17.   Considers that voluntary contributions to the Trust Fund for
the Programme for the Decade for Action to Combat Racism and Racial
Discrimination are indispensable for the implementation of the
Programme;

      18.   Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the necessary
financial resources are provided for the implementation of the
activities of the Third Decade during the biennium 1996-1997;

      19.   Also requests the Secretary-General to accord the highest
priority to the activities of the Programme of Action for the Third
Decade;

      20.   Further requests the Secretary-General to submit each year
to the Economic and Social Council a detailed report on all activities
of United Nations bodies and the specialized agencies, containing an
analysis of information received on such activities to combat racism
and racial discrimination;

      21.   Invites the Secretary-General to submit proposals to the
General Assembly with a view to supplementing, if necessary, the
Programme of Action for the Third Decade;

      22.   Invites all Governments, United Nations bodies, the
specialized agencies and other intergovernmental organizations, as
well as interested non-governmental organizations in consultative
status with the Economic and Social Council, to participate fully in
the Third Decade;

      23.   Strongly appeals to all Governments, intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and individuals in a position to do so
to contribute generously to the Trust Fund for the Programme for the
Decade for Action to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination, and to
this end requests the Secretary-General to continue to undertake
appropriate contacts and initiatives to encourage contributions;

      24.   Invites the Commission on Human Rights to consider at its
fifty-third session as a matter of priority the question of a possible
world conference to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia
and other related contemporary forms of intolerance and to make
appropriate recommendations through the Economic and Social Council to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      25.   Once again requests the Secretary-General to consult Member
States and intergovernmental as well as non-governmental organizations
on the possibility of holding a world conference to combat racism,
racial discrimination, xenophobia and other related contemporary forms
of intolerance;

      26.   Decides to keep the item entitled "Elimination of racism and
racial discrimination" on its agenda and to consider it as a matter of
the highest priority at its fifty-second session.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex.

3/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 429, No. 6193.

4/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

5/    E/1996/83 and A/51/541.

6/    Resolution 45/158, annex.

 

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