United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

8 November 1996


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 36


         [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.3 and Add.1)]

            51/8.    International assistance for the
                     rehabilitation and reconstruction of
                     Nicaragua:  aftermath of the war and
                     natural disasters

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 45/15 of 20 November 1990, 46/109 A and
B of 17 December 1991, 47/118 of 18 December 1992, 48/161 of 20
December 1993, 49/137 of 19 December 1994 and 50/132 of 20 December
1995 concerning the situation in Central America,

      Recalling also its resolutions 47/169 of 22 December 1992, 48/8
of 22 October 1993, 49/16 of 17 November 1994 and 50/85 of 15 December
1995 concerning the item entitled "International assistance for the
rehabilitation and reconstruction of Nicaragua:  aftermath of the war
and natural disasters", in which it requested the international
community to continue providing support to Nicaragua, taking into
account the exceptional circumstances faced by that country, and
requested the Secretary-General, in coordination with the Nicaraguan
authorities, to provide the assistance necessary in the process of
consolidation of peace,

      Deeply concerned at the fact that the recent natural disasters
that have occurred in Nicaragua, the burden of the foreign debt,
despite its reduction and renegotiation achieved with the
collaboration of the international community, and the harmful effects
on its economy of the prolonged periods of rain and floods that have
afflicted the Central American region impede the efforts being made by
Nicaragua to overcome the consequences of war within the framework of
a democracy and under the macroeconomic conditions already achieved,

      Deeply concerned also at the serious effects of hurricane Ce'sar,
which created an emergency in the affected areas, as well as the
urgent requirement for humanitarian assistance and the need to restore
the normal conditions of the population, recognized in its resolution
50/244 of 29 August 1996,

      Taking into account the central role of all parties in Nicaragua,
in particular the Government and the Nicaraguan people, in seeking
lasting solutions to consolidate the achievements of their transition,

      Expressing its appreciation for the work of the Support Group for
Nicaragua, which, under the coordination of the Secretary-General,
continues to play an active role in supporting that country's efforts
towards economic recovery and social development,

      Recognizing the efforts of the international community and the
Government of Nicaragua to provide relief to the persons affected by
the aftermath of the war and recent natural disasters,

      Recognizing also the intensive efforts by the Government of
Nicaragua to promote a sustained economic recovery and the
considerable progress made in securing a broad social consensus by
means of a process of national dialogue for the adoption of measures
to lay the foundations for reconstruction and economic and social
development through a comprehensive transition process that will be
further consolidated with the holding of free and democratic elections
in October 1996,

      Taking into account the commitments adopted by the Central
American Presidents at the Central American Environment Summit for
Sustainable Development, through the Alliance for the Sustainable
Development of Central America,  1/ and, in this context, the
special attention required by Nicaragua because of its exceptional
situation in order that those important commitments may begin to be

      Taking note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-
General on the measures adopted pursuant to resolution 50/85,  2/

      1.    Commends the efforts made by the international community,
including the organs and organizations of the United Nations system,
to supplement the action undertaken by the Government of Nicaragua and
by other parties concerned in the task of rehabilitation and national
reconstruction as well as in providing emergency assistance;

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General, within existing resources,
to support the efforts of the Government of Nicaragua in the affected
areas, and invites Member States, organizations, specialized agencies
and programmes of the United Nations to continue to provide assistance
and to respond generously to the appeal issued by Nicaragua;

      3.    Expresses its gratitude to the Secretary-General for his
report on the measures adopted pursuant to resolution 50/85; 2/

      4.    Encourages the Government of Nicaragua to continue its
efforts to bring about reconstruction and national reconciliation, in
particular those related to poverty alleviation, economic and social
development and the solution of property problems, with a view to the
consolidation of a stable democracy;

      5.    Requests all Member States, the international funding
agencies and regional, intraregional and non-governmental
organizations to continue to provide, in a broad and flexible form,
support to Nicaragua at the required levels, giving particular
attention to that country's exceptional circumstances so as to
stimulate a greater effort in the process of reconstruction, social
investment, stabilization and development;

      6.    Expresses its gratitude to Member States, the international
agencies, regional and intraregional organizations and, in particular,
the Secretary-General, for their support for the explicit request of
the Government of Nicaragua in connection with the technical
cooperation and assistance needed in support of the general elections
in Nicaragua in 1996;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the
relevant organs and organizations of the United Nations system and in
close cooperation with the Nicaraguan authorities, to continue to
provide, within existing resources, all necessary assistance to
activities for the reconstruction, stabilization and development of
Nicaragua and to continue to ensure the timely, comprehensive,
flexible and effective formulation and coordination of programmes of
the United Nations system in Nicaragua, given the importance of those
activities for the consolidation of peace, democracy and sustainable

      8.    Also requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide
Nicaragua, at the request of its Government, within existing
resources, with all possible assistance to support the consolidation
of peace, democracy and sustainable development in such areas as
caring for displaced persons, land ownership and land tenure in rural
areas, appropriate care for war-disabled persons, mine clearance and
the overcoming of difficulties in the restoration of the productive
areas of the country, and, in general, a process of sustained economic
and social recovery and development so that the peace and democracy
already achieved become irreversible;

      9.    Further requests the Secretary-General to submit to the
General Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the action
taken to implement the present resolution;

      10.   Decides to consider this issue on a biennial basis, under
the item entitled "Special economic assistance to individual countries
or regions".

                                                          41st plenary meeting
                                                               25 October 1996


1/      See A/49/580-S/1994/1217, annex I.

2/      A/51/263.


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