United Nations

A/RES/51/79


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

25 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 108


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/617)]


            51/79.      Measures to combat contemporary forms
                        of racism, racial discrimination,
                        xenophobia and related intolerance


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 50/135 of 21 December 1995 and
Commission on Human Rights resolution 1996/21 of 19 April 1996, 1/

      Bearing in mind the outcome of the World Conference on Human
Rights, held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, and, in particular,
the attention given in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of
Action 2/ to the elimination of racism, racial discrimination,
xenophobia and other forms of intolerance,

      Aware that racism, being one of the exclusionist phenomena
plaguing many societies, requires resolute action and cooperation for
its eradication,

      Having examined the report of the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on contemporary forms of racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, 3/ including
his conclusions and recommendations,

      Deeply concerned that, despite continuing efforts, racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, as well as acts of
violence, continue to persist and even grow in magnitude, incessantly
adopting new forms, including tendencies to establish policies based
on racial, religious, ethnic, cultural and national superiority or
exclusivity,

      Conscious of the fundamental difference between, on the one hand,
racism and racial discrimination as governmental policy or resulting
from official doctrines of racial superiority or exclusivity and, on
the other hand, other manifestations of racism, racial discrimination,
xenophobia and related intolerance which are increasingly visible in
segments of many societies and perpetrated by individuals or groups,
some of which are directed against migrant workers and members of
their families,

      Taking note of the final report on freedom of opinion and
expression submitted to the Subcommission on Prevention of
Discrimination and Protection of Minorities at its forty-fourth
session by the Special Rapporteurs Mr. Louis Joinet and Mr. Danilo
Turk, in which the Special Rapporteurs concluded that, under
international law, racism is not an opinion but an offence, 4/

      Noting that the Committee on the Elimination of Racial
Discrimination, in its general recommendation XV (42) of 17 March
1993 5/ on article 4 of the International Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, held that the
prohibition of the dissemination of all ideas based upon racial
superiority or racial hatred was compatible with the right to freedom
of opinion and expression as outlined in article 19 of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights 6/ and in article 5 of the
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Discrimination, 7/

      Conscious that impunity for crimes motivated by racist and
xenophobic attitudes plays a role in weakening the rule of law and
tends to encourage the recurrence of such crimes,

      Underlining the importance of creating conditions that foster
greater harmony and tolerance within societies,

      Regretting that the Special Rapporteur has continued to encounter
difficulties in his efforts to fulfil his mandate, owing to the lack
of necessary resources,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on contemporary forms of racism, racial
discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance; 3/

      2.    Requests the Special Rapporteur to continue his exchange of
views with Member States, relevant mechanisms, related United Nations
organs and specialized agencies in order to further their
effectiveness and mutual cooperation;

      3.    Takes note of the recommendation of the Special Rapporteur
to convene, without further delay, a world conference on racism,
racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and to
include the question of immigration and xenophobia on its agenda; 8/

      4.    Expresses its profound concern at and unequivocal
condemnation of all forms of racism and all racist violence, including
related acts of random and indiscriminate violence;

      5.    Expresses its deep concern at and condemnation of
manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and
related intolerance against migrant workers and members of their
families and other vulnerable groups in many societies;

      6.    Encourages all States, in accordance with the conclusions
and recommendations of the Special Rapporteur in his report, to
include in their educational curricula and social programmes, at all
levels as appropriate, knowledge, tolerance and respect for foreign
cultures, peoples and countries;

      7.    Encourages the efforts of Governments to take measures aimed
at the eradication of all forms of racism, racial discrimination,
xenophobia and related intolerance;

      8.    Categorically condemns any role played by print, audio-
visual or electronic media in inciting acts of violence motivated by
racial hatred;

      9.    Recognizes that Governments should implement and enforce
legislation to prevent acts of racism and racial discrimination;

      10.   Calls upon all Governments and intergovernmental
organizations, with the assistance of non-governmental organizations,
as appropriate, to continue to cooperate with and to supply relevant
information to the Special Rapporteur;

      11.   Commends non-governmental organizations for their action
against racism and racial discrimination and for their continuous
support and assistance to the victims of racism and racial
discrimination;

      12.   Urges all Governments to cooperate fully with the Special
Rapporteur, with a view to enabling him to fulfil his mandate;

      13.   Once again requests the Secretary-General to provide,
without any further delay, the Special Rapporteur, as in the case of
other Special Rapporteurs, with all the necessary human and financial
assistance to enable him to carry out his mandate efficiently,
effectively and expeditiously and to submit, in a timely manner, an
interim report on this question to the General Assembly at its fifty-
second session.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 3 (E/1996/23), chap. II, sect. A.

2/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

3/    A/51/301, annex.

4/    E/CN.4/Sub.2/1992/9 and Add.1.

5/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-eighth
Session, Supplement No. 18 (A/48/18), chap. VIII, sect. B.

6/    Resolution 217 A (III).

7/    Resolution 2106 A (XX), annex.

8/    See A/51/301, para. 57.

 

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