United Nations

A/RES/51/76


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

20 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 106


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/615)]


                             51/76.  The girl child


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 50/154 of 21 December 1995 and its
resolutions 50/42 of 8 December and 50/203 of 22 December 1995
concerning the follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women, held
at Beijing from 4 to 15 September 1995,

      Recalling also the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for
Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women, 1/ the Copenhagen
Declaration on Social Development and the Programme of Action of the
World Summit for Social Development, 2/ held at Copenhagen from 6 to
12 March 1995, the Programme of Action of the International Conference
on Population and Development, 3/ held at Cairo from 5 to 13
September 1994, the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action of the
World Conference on Human Rights, 4/ held at Vienna from 14 to 25
June 1993, the Plan of Action for Implementing the World Declaration
on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children in the 1990s
of the World Summit for Children, 5/ held in New York on 29 and 30
September 1990, the World Declaration on Education for All and the
Framework for Action to Meet Basic Learning Needs 6/ adopted at the
World Conference on Education for All, held at Jomtien, Thailand, from
5 to 9 March 1990,

      Welcoming with satisfaction the adoption and dissemination of the
Declaration and Agenda for Action of the World Congress against
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children, 7/ held at Stockholm from
27 to 31 August 1996, which constitute an important contribution to
the global efforts aimed at the eradication of such practices,

      Noting with appreciation the report of the Secretary-General on
the mid-decade review of progress made in achieving the goals of the
World Summit for Children, 8/

      Welcoming the report of the expert of the Secretary-General on
the impact of armed conflict on children, 9/

      Deeply concerned about discrimination against the girl child and
the violation of the rights of the girl child, which often result in
less access for girls to education, nutrition, physical and mental
health care and to girls enjoying fewer rights, opportunities and
benefits of childhood and adolescence than boys and often being
subjected to various forms of cultural, social, sexual and economic
exploitation and to violence and harmful practices such as incest,
early marriage, female infanticide, prenatal sex selection and female
genital mutilation,

      Reaffirming the equal rights of women and men as enshrined in the
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations, and recalling the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women 10/ and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 11/

      1.    Urges all States to take all necessary measures and to
institute legal reforms to ensure the full and equal enjoyment by the
girl child of all human rights and fundamental freedoms and to take
effective action against violations of those rights and freedoms;

      2.    Also urges all States to enact and enforce legislation
protecting girls from all forms of violence, including female
infanticide and prenatal sex selection, female genital mutilation,
incest, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, child prostitution and
child pornography, and to develop age-appropriate safe and
confidential programmes and medical, social and psychological support
services to assist girls who are subjected to violence;

      3.    Calls upon all States and international and non-governmental
organizations, individually and collectively:

      (a)   To set goals and to develop and implement gender-sensitive
strategies to address the rights and needs of children, in accordance
with the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to take into account
the rights and particular needs of the girl child, especially in
education, health and nutrition, and to eliminate negative cultural
attitudes and practices against the girl child;

      (b)   To generate social support for the enforcement of laws on
the minimum legal age for marriage, in particular by providing
educational opportunities for girls;

      (c)   To give attention to the rights and needs of adolescent
girls, which call for special action for their protection from sexual
exploitation and abuse, harmful cultural practices, teenage pregnancy
and vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases and human
immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and for the
development of life skills and self-esteem, reaffirming that the
advancement and empowerment of women throughout the life cycle must
begin with the girl child at all ages;

      (d)   To take measures to increase awareness of the potential of
the girl child and to promote gender-sensitive socialization of boys
and girls from early childhood, aimed at achieving gender equality,
development and peace within the family and the community;

      (e)   To ensure the equal participation of girls and young women
on the basis of non-discrimination and as partners with boys and young
men in social, economic and political life and in the development of
strategies and the implementation of action aimed at achieving gender
equality, development and peace;

      (f)   To strengthen and reorient health education and health
services, in particular primary health care programmes, including
sexual and reproductive health, and to design quality health
programmes that meet the physical and mental needs of girls and attend
to the needs of young expectant and nursing mothers;

      4.    Urges States to enact and strictly enforce laws to ensure
that marriage is entered into only with the free and full consent of
the intending spouses, to enact and strictly enforce laws concerning
the minimum legal age of consent and the minimum age for marriage and
to raise the minimum age for marriage where necessary;

      5.    Also urges States to eliminate all barriers so as to enable
girls, without exception, to develop their full potential and skills
through equal access to education and training;

      6.    Encourages States to consider ways and means to ensure the
continuing education of married women, pregnant women and young
mothers;

      7.    Urges States to take special measures for the protection of
children, in particular to protect girls from rape and other forms of
sexual abuse and gender-based violence in situations of armed
conflict, in line with the recommendations of the expert appointed by
the Secretary-General to study the impact of armed conflict on
children;

      8.    Urges States parties to fulfil the obligations they have
undertaken under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against
Women to protect women and girls from all forms of violence, including
domestic violence, sexual trafficking and child prostitution;

      9.    Urges States to implement measures to protect women and
girls from all forms of violence, in line with the recommendations of
the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence
against women, its causes and consequences; 12/

      10.   Requests all States to implement, on an urgent basis,
measures to protect children from all forms of sexual exploitation,
including measures in line with those outlined in the Declaration and
Agenda for Action of the World Congress against Commercial Sexual
Exploitation of Children;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General, as Chairman of the
Administrative Committee on Coordination, to ensure that all
organizations and bodies of the United Nations system, individually
and collectively, in particular the United Nations Children's Fund,
the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,
the World Food Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the
World Health Organization, the United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights, the United Nations Development Programme and the United
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, take into account the rights
and the particular needs of the girl child, especially in education,
health and nutrition, and eliminate negative cultural attitudes and
practices against the girl child in the implementation of the Platform
for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the system-wide
medium-term plan for the advancement of women for the period 1996-
2001; 13/

      12.   Calls upon the Commission on Human Rights, while
considering, in accordance with the agreed conclusions 1996/1 of the
Economic and Social Council, 14/ its input to the Commission on
the Status of Women on ensuring women's equal enjoyment of human
rights relating to economic resources, to pay particular attention to
all the human rights of the girl child;

      13.   Calls upon States and international and non-governmental
organizations to mobilize all necessary resources, support and efforts
to realize the goals, strategic objectives and actions set out in the
Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women;

      14.   Calls upon all States, all relevant organizations and bodies
of the United Nations system and non-governmental organizations to
implement commitments to goals and actions relating to the girl child
and to report on initiatives and progress to the Commission on the
Status of Women at its forty-second session, pursuant to the decision
of the Commission to review the progress made in the implementation of
the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women
relating to the girl child in 1998.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

2/    A/CONF.166/9, chap. I, resolution 1, annexes I and II.

3/    Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994 (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18), chap. I, resolution 1, annex.

4/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

5/    See A/45/625, annex.

6/    Final Report of the World Conference on Education for All:
Meeting Basic Learning Needs, Jomtien, Thailand, 5-9 March 1990,
Inter-Agency Commission (UNDP, UNESCO, UNICEF, World Bank) for the
World Conference on Education for All, New York, 1990, appendix 1 and
2.

7/    A/51/385, annex.

8/    A/51/256.

9/    See A/51/306 and Add.1.

10/   Resolution 34/180, annex.

11/   Resolution 44/25, annex.

12/   See E/CN.4/1996/53 and Add.1 and 2.

13/   E/1993/43, annex.

14/   See A/51/3 (Part I), chap. III, sect. A; see Official Records of
the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 3.

 

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