United Nations

A/RES/51/70


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

10 February 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 105


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/614)]


            51/70.      Follow-up to the Regional Conference
                        to Address the Problems of Refugees,
                        Displaced Persons, Other Forms of
                        Involuntary Displacement and Returnees
                        in the Countries of the Commonwealth
                        of Independent States and Relevant
                        Neighbouring States


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 48/113 of 20 December 1993, 49/173 of
23 December 1994 and, in particular, 50/151 of 21 December 1995,

      Taking note with satisfaction of the successful conclusion of the
Regional Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced
Persons, Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the
Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant
Neighbouring States, held at Geneva on 30 and 31 May 1996,

      Aware that involuntary, mass displacement, in addition to the
human suffering involved, imposes significant economic and social
burdens and may affect security and stability at the regional level,

      Reaffirming the view of the Conference that, while the primary
responsibility for tackling population displacement problems lies with
the affected countries themselves, the serious challenges cannot be
met by the limited resources and experience of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States individually,

      Recalling that the protection and promotion of human rights and
the strengthening of democratic institutions are essential to prevent
mass population displacement,


      Mindful that effective implementation of the recommendations
contained in the Programme of Action adopted by the Conference 1/
should be facilitated and can be ensured only through cooperation and
coordinated activities undertaken in this respect by all interested
States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and other
actors,

      Welcoming the spirit of international solidarity and cooperation
that made the preparatory process of the Conference and the Conference
itself a success,

      Reaffirming the importance of the 1951 Convention relating to the
Status of Refugees 2/ and its 1967 Protocol, 3/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General; 4/

      2.    Expresses its gratitude to the Government of Switzerland and
other host States that made it possible to convene the Regional
Conference to Address the Problems of Refugees, Displaced Persons,
Other Forms of Involuntary Displacement and Returnees in the Countries
of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Relevant Neighbouring
States and a series of preparatory meetings, as well as to those
States that made voluntary contributions for this purpose;

      3.    Welcomes the Programme of Action adopted by the Conference
on 31 May 1996; 1/

      4.    Also welcomes the innovative approach and close cooperation
of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees,
the International Organization for Migration and the Organization for
Security and Cooperation in Europe in initiating and supporting a
multilateral constructive dialogue among a wide range of countries
concerned that has brought agreement on guidelines for practical
action;

      5.    Expresses its satisfaction with the work of the Conference,
which laid down a solid foundation for further action by countries of
the Commonwealth of Independent States and States concerned and
relevant international, intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations;

      6.    Underlines the urgent need to address the problems of those
displaced, implement measures to prevent situations leading to further
involuntary population displacement and effectively manage other types
of migratory flows in the region;

      7.    Urges all States and intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations concerned to take further action with a view to the full
implementation of the recommendations of the Conference;

      8.    Invites all countries that have not yet done so to accede to
and implement fully the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of
Refugees and its 1967 Protocol;

      9.    Calls upon the Governments of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States to continue to strengthen their
commitment to the principles underlying the Programme of Action and to
ensure progress in its implementation;

      10.   Recognizes that implementation of the Programme of Action
requires additional financial resources, and calls for international
cooperation in order to assist the countries of the Commonwealth of
Independent States in the field of migration and related matters;

      11.   Welcomes the readiness of States and interested
international organizations to provide appropriate forms and levels of
support for the practical implementation of the Programme of Action in
a spirit of solidarity and burden-sharing;

      12.   Invites international financial and other institutions to
contribute to financing projects and programmes within the framework
of the implementation of the Programme of Action;

      13.   Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Refugees, and invites the International Organization for Migration
and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to
continue to steer in close coordination the ongoing and future
activities ensuring progress in the implementation of the Programme of
Action;

      14.   Calls upon all relevant United Nations organs, bodies and
organizations to promote, within their respective mandates, the
implementation of the Programme of Action of the Conference;

      15.   Recognizes the important role to be played by
non-governmental organizations in the implementation of the Programme
of Action, and encourages the Governments of the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States and international organizations to
strengthen their cooperation with non-governmental organizations and
to involve them actively in the follow-up to the Conference;

      16.   Reaffirms the necessity for effective follow-up mechanisms
to the Conference;

      17.   Highly appreciates the initial steps undertaken by the
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in
cooperation with the International Organization for Migration to
promote the implementation of the Programme of Action;

      18.   Invites the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe to demonstrate similar initiative in contributing to the
effective implementation of the Programme of Action;

      19.   Welcomes the Joint Operational Strategy for 1996-2000 of the
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the
International Organization for Migration in the countries of the
Commonwealth of Independent States, which outlines the practical
dimensions of implementing the results of the Conference;

      20.   Emphasizes the necessity of fulfilling the recommendations
of the Programme of Action relating to ensuring respect for human
rights as an important factor in the management of migration flows,
the consolidation of democracy, the rule of law and stability;

      21.   Urges the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,
in coordination with the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, the International Organization for
Migration and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe,
to take into account those elements of the Programme of Action that
are relevant to his mandate;

      22.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the measures taken and
proposed and on progress achieved in the implementation of the present
resolution;

      23.   Decides to continue examination of this question at its
fifty-second session.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/341, appendix.

2/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, No. 2545.

3/    Ibid., vol. 606, No. 8791.

4/    A/51/341.

 

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