United Nations

A/RES/51/68


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

31 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 103


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/612)]


            51/68.      Convention on the Elimination of All
                        Forms of Discrimination against Women


      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind that one of the purposes of the United Nations,
as stated in Articles 1 and 55 of the Charter, is to promote universal
respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without
distinction of any kind, including distinction as to sex,

      Affirming that women and men should participate equally in
social, economic and political development, should contribute equally
to such development and should share equally in improved conditions of
life,

      Recalling the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted
by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993, 1/ in which
the Conference reaffirmed that the human rights of women and the girl
child were an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal
human rights,

      Welcoming the growing number of States parties to the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 2/
which now stands at one hundred and fifty-four,

      Having considered the reports of the Committee on the Elimination
of Discrimination against Women on its fourteenth 3/ and
fifteenth 4/ sessions,

      Noting that the number of reports to the Committee has increased
as a result of the growing number of States parties to the Convention
and that the annual session of the Committee has been the shortest of
all the annual sessions of the human rights treaty bodies, thus
creating a considerable backlog of reports submitted but not
considered,

      1.    Urges all States that have not yet ratified or acceded to
the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women to do so as soon as possible, so that universal
ratification of the Convention can be achieved by the year 2000;

      2.    Emphasizes the importance of full compliance by States
parties with their obligations under the Convention;

      3.    Urges States to limit the extent of any reservations they
lodge to the Convention, to formulate any such reservations as
precisely and as narrowly as possible, to ensure that no reservations
are incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention or
otherwise incompatible with international treaty law, to review their
reservations regularly with a view to withdrawing them and to withdraw
reservations that are contrary to the object and purpose of the
Convention or that are otherwise incompatible with international
treaty law;

      4.    Invites States parties to the Convention to make all
possible efforts to submit their reports on the implementation of the
Convention in accordance with article 18 thereof and with the
guidelines provided by the Committee on the Elimination of
Discrimination against Women and to cooperate fully with the Committee
in the presentation of their reports;

      5.    Urges States parties to the Convention to take appropriate
measures so that acceptance of the amendment to article 20,
paragraph 1, of the Convention by a two-thirds majority of States
parties can be reached as soon as possible in order for the amendment
to enter into force;

      6.    Approves the request made by the Committee and supported by
the States parties to the Convention for additional meeting time so as
to allow the Committee to hold two sessions annually, each of three
weeks' duration, preceded by a pre-session working group, for an
interim period starting in 1997;

      7.    Welcomes the report of the Open-ended Working Group on the
Elaboration of a Draft Optional Protocol to the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women of the
Commission on the Status of Women; 5/

      8.    Decides to authorize the Open-ended Working Group to meet
for ten working days, in parallel with the Commission on the Status of
Women at its forty-first session;

      9.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report on the status of the
Convention and the implementation of the present resolution.


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.

2/    Resolution 34/180, annex.

3/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fiftieth Session,
Supplement No. 38 (A/50/38).

4/    Ibid., Fifty-first Session, Supplement No. 38 (A/51/38).

5/    Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 6 (E/1996/26), annex III.

 

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