United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

31 January 1997


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 103


               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/612)]

            51/66.      Traffic in women and girls

      The General Assembly,

      Reaffirming the principles set forth in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, 1/ the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women, 2/ the International Covenants on Human
Rights, 3/ the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or
Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 4/ the Convention on the Rights of
the Child 5/ and the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence
against Women, 6/

      Recalling the Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in
Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, 7/ and
taking note of the comments contained in the report of the Secretary-
General, 8/

      Recalling also all previous resolutions on the problem of the
traffic in women and girls,

      Affirming the provisions of the outcome of the World Conference
on Human Rights, 9/ held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, the
International Conference on Population and Development, 10/ held at
Cairo from 5 to 13 September 1994, the World Summit for Social
Development, 11/ held at Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995, the
Fourth World Conference on Women, 12/ held at Beijing from 4 to 15
September 1995, and the Ninth United Nations Congress on the
Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, 13/ held at
Cairo from 29 April to 8 May 1995, pertaining to the traffic in women
and children,

      Acknowledging the work done by intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations in compiling information on the scale and
complexity of the problem of trafficking, in providing shelters for
trafficked women and children and in effecting their voluntary
repatriation to their countries of origin,

      Noting with concern the increasing number of women and girl
children from developing countries and from some countries with
economies in transition who are being victimized by traffickers, and
acknowledging that the problem of trafficking also victimizes young

      Convinced of the need to eliminate all forms of sexual violence
and sexual trafficking, including for prostitution and other forms of
commercial sex, which are violations of the human rights of women and
girl children and are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the
human person,

      Realizing the urgent need for the adoption of effective measures
nationally, regionally and internationally to protect women and girl
children from this nefarious traffic,

      1.    Takes note with appreciation of the report of the Secretary-
General on the traffic in women and girls; 8/

      2.    Welcomes the convening of the World Congress against
Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children at Stockholm from 27 to 31
August 1996;

      3.    Calls upon Governments of countries of origin, transit and
destination and regional and international organizations, as
appropriate, to implement the Platform for Action of the Fourth World
Conference on Women 14/ by:

      (a)   Considering the ratification and enforcement of
international conventions on trafficking in persons and on slavery;

      (b)   Taking appropriate measures to address the root factors,
including external factors, that encourage trafficking in women and
girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced
marriage and forced labour in order to eliminate trafficking in women,
including by strengthening existing legislation with a view to
providing better protection of the rights of women and girls and to
punishing the perpetrators, through both criminal and civil measures;

      (c)   Stepping up cooperation and concerted action by all relevant
law enforcement authorities and institutions with a view to
dismantling national, regional and international networks in

      (d)   Allocating resources to provide comprehensive programmes
designed to heal and rehabilitate into society victims of trafficking,
including through job training, legal assistance and confidential
health care and by taking measures to cooperate with non-governmental
organizations to provide for the social, medical and psychological
care of the victims of trafficking;

      (e)   Developing educational and training programmes and policies
and considering enacting legislation aimed at preventing sex tourism
and trafficking, giving special emphasis to the protection of young
women and children;

      4.    Invites Governments to accord standard minimum humanitarian
treatment to trafficked persons, consistent with human rights

      5.    Also invites Governments, with the support of the United
Nations, to formulate manuals for the training of personnel who
receive and/or hold in temporary custody victims of gender-based
violence, including trafficking, with a view to sensitizing them to
the special needs of victims;

      6.    Encourages, in this regard, relevant United Nations
organizations and bodies, including the International Research and
Training Institute for the Advancement of Women, the United Nations
Development Fund for Women and the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization, to contribute to the preparation
of guidelines for the use of Governments in the elaboration of their
manuals, in cooperation with all relevant intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations, including those concerned with
traumatic stress, taking into account existing research material or
studies on the subject;

      7.    Calls upon all Governments to criminalize trafficking in
women and girls in all its forms and to condemn and penalize all those
offenders involved, including intermediaries, whether their offence
was committed in their own or in a foreign country, while ensuring
that the victims of these practices are not penalized, and to penalize
persons in authority found guilty of sexually assaulting victims of
trafficking in their custody;

      8.    Urges Governments concerned to support comprehensive
practical approaches by the international community to assist women
and children victims of transnational trafficking to return home and
to be reintegrated in their home societies;

      9.    Invites relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations to provide advisory services to Governments, upon their
request, in planning and setting up rehabilitation programmes for
victims of trafficking and in training personnel who will be directly
involved in the implementation of those programmes;

      10.   Encourages Governments, institutions and non-governmental
organizations to take preventive and assistance measures, including by
establishing helplines to enable victims or potential victims of
trafficking to seek assistance, and to provide targeted training to
those groups dealing with this problem, including law enforcement and
judicial personnel, using as far as possible female police officers to
assist victims;

      11.   Invites the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, in addressing the obstacles to the realization of the human
rights of women, in particular through his contacts with the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against
women, its causes and consequences and the Special Rapporteur of the
Commission on Human Rights on the sale of children, child prostitution
and child pornography, to include the traffic in women and girls among
his priority concerns;

      12.   Invites States parties to the Convention on the Elimination
of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the
Rights of the Child to include information and statistics on
trafficking in women and girls as part of their national reports to
the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women,
taking into account the general recommendation of the Committee, and
to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, respectively;

      13.   Encourages the Inter-Agency Committee on Women and Gender
Equality to continue to address the issue as part of the integrated
follow-up to the Fourth World Conference on Women;

      14.   Encourages all Governments to develop methodologies and to
collect national information, including statistical data, on
trafficking in women and girls in countries with special

      15.   Encourages countries with special vulnerability to conduct
campaigns designed to increase public awareness of the problem;

      16.   Welcomes the consideration given to the problem of
trafficking in women and girls by the Commission on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice, and invites the Commission to continue to
consider appropriate measures to address this issue;

      17.   Also welcomes the decision of the Economic and Social
Council to devote its coordination segment of 1997 to mainstreaming a
gender perspective;

      18.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


1/    Resolution 217 A (III).

2/    Resolution 34/180, annex.

3/    Resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex.

4/    Resolution 39/46, annex.

5/    Resolution 44/25, annex.

6/    Resolution 48/104.

7/    Resolution 317 (IV).

8/    A/51/309.

9/    See A/CONF.157/24 (Part I).

10/   See Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994, (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18).

11/   See A/CONF.166/9.

12/   A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1.

13/   See A/CONF.169/16.

14/   A/CONF.177/20, chap. I, resolution 1, annex II.


This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org