United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 January 1997


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 103


               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/612)]

            51/65.      Violence against women migrant workers

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling all previous resolutions on violence against women
migrant workers adopted by the General Assembly, the Commission on the
Status of Women and the Commission on Human Rights, as well as the
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, 1/

      Affirming the outcome of the World Conference on Human Rights, 2/
held at Vienna from 14 to 25 June 1993, the International
Conference on Population and Development, 3/ held at Cairo from 5 to
13 September 1994, the World Summit for Social Development, 4/ held
at Copenhagen from 6 to 12 March 1995 and the Fourth World Conference
on Women, 5/ held at Beijing from 4 to 15 September 1995,
specifically as the results pertain to women migrant workers,

      Noting the holding of the expert group meeting on violence
against women migrant workers at Manila from 27 to 31 May 1996, and
expressing its appreciation to the Government of the Philippines for
hosting the meeting,

      Taking note of resolution 1996/12 of the Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities 6/
concerning, inter alia, women migrant workers,

      Conscious of the great importance given to the promotion and
protection of the human rights of persons belonging to groups that
have been rendered vulnerable, including migrant workers, the
elimination of all forms of discrimination against them and the
strengthening and more effective implementation of existing human
rights instruments,

      Noting the large numbers of women from developing countries and
from some countries with economies in transition who continue to
venture forth to more affluent countries in search of a living for
themselves and their families as a consequence of, inter alia,
poverty, unemployment and other socio-economic conditions, and
acknowledging the duty of sending States to work for conditions that
provide employment and security to their citizens,

      Acknowledging the economic benefits that accrue to sending and
receiving States from the employment of women migrant workers,

      Emphasizing the need for accurate, objective and comprehensive
information and data as a basis for policy formulation,

      Concerned by the continuing reports of grave abuses and acts of
violence committed against the persons of women migrant workers by
some employers in some host countries,

      Encouraged by measures adopted by some receiving States to
alleviate the plight of women migrant workers residing within their
areas of jurisdiction,

      Reiterating that acts of violence directed against women impair
or nullify their enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
violence against women migrant workers; 7/

      2.    Determines to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence
against women and girls;

      3.    Encourages Member States to enact and/or reinforce penal,
civil, labour and administrative sanctions in domestic legislation to
punish and redress the wrongs done to women and girls who are
subjected to any form of violence, whether in the home, the workplace,
the community or society;

      4.    Also encourages Member States to adopt and/or implement and
periodically to review and analyse legislation to ensure its
effectiveness in eliminating violence against women, emphasizing the
prevention of violence and the prosecution of offenders, and to take
measures to ensure the protection of women subjected to violence and
their access to just and effective remedies, including compensation
and indemnification and healing of victims, and for the rehabilitation
of perpetrators;

      5.    Invites Member States concerned, specifically the sending
and receiving States, to consider adopting appropriate legal measures
against intermediaries who deliberately encourage the clandestine
movement of workers and who exploit women migrant workers;

      6.    Reiterates the need for States concerned, specifically the
sending and receiving States of women migrant workers, to conduct
regular consultations for the purpose of identifying problem areas in
promoting and protecting the rights of women migrant workers and
ensuring health, legal and social services for them, adopting specific
measures to address those problems, setting up, as necessary,
linguistically and culturally accessible services and mechanisms to
implement those measures and, in general, creating conditions that
foster greater harmony and tolerance between women migrant workers and
the rest of the society in which they reside;

      7.    Encourages Member States to consider signing and ratifying
or acceding to the International Convention on the Protection of the
Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 8/ as
well as the Slavery Convention of 1926; 9/

      8.    Requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Human
Rights, the Centre for Human Rights of the Secretariat and the Special
Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against
women, its causes and consequences, as well as all relevant bodies and
programmes in the United Nations system, when addressing the issue of
violence against women, to give particular attention to the issue of
violence perpetrated against women migrant workers;

      9.    Invites Member States, as well as relevant international
organizations, to provide their views and comments to the Secretary-
General on the issue of indicators as a basis for addressing the
situation of women migrant workers, as set forth in the report of the

      10.   Also invites the Administrative Committee on Coordination,
within its mandate, to examine how to improve coordination within the
United Nations system on the question of violence against women
migrant workers;

      11.   Invites the regional commissions and the regional offices of
the International Labour Organization to examine ways and means,
within their mandates, of dealing with concerns pertaining to women
migrant workers;

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution, including the reports received from all
authorities and bodies of the United Nations system, Member States,
intergovernmental organizations and other concerned bodies, with due
regard for possible measures to improve reporting procedure.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


1/    Resolution 48/104.

2/    See A/CONF.157/24 (Part I).

3/    See Report of the International Conference on Population and
Development, Cairo, 5-13 September 1994, (United Nations publication,
Sales No. E.95.XIII.18).

4/    See A/CONF.166/9.

5/    See A/CONF.177/20 and Add.1.

6/    See E/CN.4/1997/2-E/CN.4/Sub.2/1996/41, chap. II, sect. A.

7/    A/51/325.

8/    Resolution 45/158, annex.

9/    See Human Rights:  A Compilation of International Instruments
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XIV.1 (vol. I, Part I)).


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