United Nations

A/RES/51/64


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 102


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/611)]


            51/64.      International action to combat drug
                        abuse and illicit production and
                        trafficking


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 49/168 of 23 December 1994 and 50/148
of 21 December 1995, 

      Gravely concerned that, despite increased efforts by States and
relevant international organizations, there is a global expansion of
illicit demand for, production of and trafficking in narcotic drugs
and psychotropic substances, including synthetic and designer drugs,
which threatens the health, safety and well-being of millions of
persons, in particular young people, in all countries, as well as the
political and socio-economic systems and the stability, national
security and sovereignty of an increasing number of States,

      Deeply alarmed by the growing violence and economic power of
criminal organizations and terrorist groups engaged in drug
trafficking activities and other criminal activities, such as money
laundering and illicit traffic of arms and precursors and essential
chemicals, and by the increasing transnational links between them, and
recognizing that enhanced international cooperation and effective
strategies are required to achieve results against all forms of
transnational criminal activities,

      Convinced of the desirability of closer coordination and
cooperation among States in combating drug-related crimes, such as
terrorism, illicit arms trade and money laundering, and bearing in
mind the role that could be played by both the United Nations and
regional organizations in this respect, 

      Fully aware that States, the relevant organizations of the United
Nations system and multilateral development banks need to accord a
higher priority to dealing with this scourge, which undermines
development, economic and political stability and democratic
institutions, and the combat against which entails increasing economic
costs for Governments and the irreparable loss of human lives,

      Reaffirming and stressing the need for increased efforts to
implement the comprehensive framework for international cooperation in
drug control provided by the existing drug control conventions, the
Declaration 1/ and the Comprehensive Multidisciplinary Outline of
Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control, 2/ the Political
Declaration and Global Programme of Action 3/ adopted by the
General Assembly at its seventeenth special session devoted to the
question of international cooperation against illicit production,
supply, demand, trafficking and distribution of narcotic and
psychotropic substances, the Declaration adopted by the World
Ministerial Summit to Reduce the Demand for Drugs and to Combat the
Cocaine Threat, 4/ the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on
Drug Abuse Control, 5/ the Naples Political Declaration and Global
Action Plan against Organized Transnational Crime 6/ and other
relevant international standards,

      Recognizing the efforts of countries that produce narcotic drugs
for scientific, medicinal and therapeutic uses to prevent the
diversion of such substances to illicit markets and to maintain
production at a level consistent with licit demand in line with the
Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, 7/

      Convinced that civil society, including non-governmental
organizations, can make an effective contribution to address the
illicit drug problem,

      Acknowledging that there are links, under certain circumstances,
between poverty and the increase in the illicit production of and
trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and that the
promotion of the economic development of countries affected by the
illicit drug trade requires appropriate measures, including
strengthened international cooperation in support of alternative and
sustainable development activities in the affected areas of those
countries, which have as their objectives the reduction and
elimination of illicit drug production,

      Stressing that respect for human rights is and must be an
essential component of measures taken to address the drug problem,

      Emphasizing the need for an analysis of transit routes used by
drug traffickers, which are constantly changing and expanding to
include a growing number of countries and regions in all parts of the
world,

      Underlining the role of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs as the
principal United Nations policy-making body on drug control issues,
the leadership role and commendable work of the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme as the main focus for concerted
international action and the important role of the International
Narcotics Control Board as an independent monitoring authority as set
out in the international drug control treaties,

      Recalling the important and central role of relevant United
Nations bodies in evaluating the implementation by States parties of
their obligations under the United Nations drug control treaties, as
set out in those treaties,

      Convinced that the holding of a special session of the General
Assembly devoted to the strengthening of international cooperation
against the illicit production, sale, demand, trafficking and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related
activities could make a significant contribution to the effectiveness
of the United Nations and its Member States in the fight against this
global problem,

                                       I

      RESPECT FOR THE PRINCIPLES ENSHRINED IN THE CHARTER OF THE        
          UNITED NATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE FIGHT AGAINST
      DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT PRODUCTION AND TRAFFICKING

      1.    Reaffirms that the fight against drug abuse and illicit
trafficking must be carried out in full conformity with the purposes
and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and
international law, particularly respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of States and the non-use of force or the threat
of force in international relations;

      2.    Calls upon all States to intensify their actions to promote
effective cooperation in the efforts to combat drug abuse and illicit
trafficking, so as to contribute to a climate conducive to achieving
this end, on the basis of the principles of equal rights and mutual
respect;

                                      II

      INTERNATIONAL ACTION TO COMBAT DRUG ABUSE AND ILLICIT PRODUCTION
      AND TRAFFICKING

      1.    Renews its commitment to further strengthening international
cooperation and substantially increasing efforts against the
cultivation for illegal purposes, illicit production, sale, demand,
traffic and distribution of narcotics and psychotropic substances,
including synthetic drugs, and to controlling and preventing the
diversion of precursors and essential chemicals used in the illicit
manufacture of narcotic and psychotropic substances, in accordance
with obligations of States under the United Nations drug control
conventions, based on the principle of shared responsibility and
taking into account experience gained;

      2.    Urges all States to ratify or accede to and implement all
the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 7/ as
amended by the 1972 Protocol, 8/ the Convention on Psychotropic
Substances of 1971 9/ and the United Nations Convention against
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of
1988; 10/

      3.    Calls upon all States to adopt adequate national laws and
regulations, to strengthen national judicial systems and to carry out
effective drug control activities in cooperation with other States in
accordance with those international instruments;

      4.    Requests the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme:

      (a)   To continue to support the focus on regional, subregional
and national strategies for drug abuse control, particularly the
master-plan approach, and to complement those strategies with
effective interregional strategies;

      (b)   To seek to strengthen the dialogue and cooperation with
multilateral development banks so that they might undertake lending
and programming activities related to drug control in interested and
affected countries and to inform the Commission on Narcotic Drugs on
further progress made in this area;

      (c)   To continue to provide legal assistance to Member States
that request it in adjusting their national laws, policies and
infrastructures to implement the international drug control
conventions, as well as assistance in training personnel responsible
for applying the new laws; 

      (d)   To continue providing assistance to Member States requesting
support in establishing or strengthening national drug detection
laboratories; 

      (e)   To continue to include in its report on illicit traffic in
drugs an assessment of worldwide trends in illicit traffic and transit
in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, including methods and
routes used, and to recommend ways and means for improving the
capacity of States along those routes to deal with all aspects of the
drug problem;

      5.    Reaffirms the danger and threat posed to civil society by
drug trafficking and its links to terrorism, transnational crime,
money laundering and the arms trade, and encourages Governments to
deal with this threat and to cooperate to prevent the channelling of
funds to and between those engaged in such activities; 

      6.    Acknowledges that there are links between the illicit
production of, demand for and traffic in narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances and the economic and social conditions in the
affected countries and that there are differences and diversity in the
problems of each country;

      7.    Calls upon the international community to provide increased
economic and technical support to Governments that request it for
programmes of alternative and sustainable development, which have as
their objectives the reduction and elimination of illicit drug
production and which take fully into account the cultural traditions
of peoples;

      8.    Recalls that the World Programme of Action for Youth to the
Year 2000 and Beyond, adopted by the General Assembly on 14 December
1995, 11/ stresses the importance of participation of youth
organizations and youth in decision-making processes, in particular in
relation to demand reduction programmes for illicit drugs;

      9.    Stresses the need for effective government action to prevent
the diversion to illicit markets of precursors and essential
chemicals, materials and equipment used in the illicit manufacture of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

      10.   Commends the International Narcotics Control Board for its
valuable work in monitoring the production and distribution of
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances so as to limit their use to
medical and scientific purposes, and urges increased efforts to
implement its mandate under article 12 of the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances of 1988 concerning the monitoring of the movement of
precursors and essential chemicals;

      11.   Notes that the International Narcotics Control Board needs
sufficient resources to carry out its mandate, including under article
12 of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in
Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988, and therefore
urges Member States to commit themselves in a common effort to assign
adequate and sufficient budgetary resources to the International
Narcotics Control Board, in accordance with Economic and Social
Council resolution 1996/20 of 23 July 1996;

      12.   Calls upon States to increase efforts, with international
cooperation, to reduce and eliminate illegal crops from which
narcotics are obtained, as well as to prevent and reduce the demand
for and the consumption of illicit drugs, in accordance with their
obligations under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and
the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;

      13.   Underlines the need for Governments, with international
cooperation, to increase and implement alternative development
programmes with the objective of reducing and eliminating the
production of illicit drugs, taking into account the economic, social,
cultural, political and environmental aspects of the area concerned;

      14.   Emphasizes the need to maintain the capacity of the
International Narcotics Control Board, including through the provision
of appropriate means by the Secretary-General, within existing
resources, and adequate technical support by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme;

      15.   Reaffirms the importance of achieving the objectives of the
United Nations Decade against Drug Abuse 1991-2000, under the theme "A
global response to a global challenge", by Member States, the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme and the United Nations
system;

      16.   Calls upon Member States to continue to cooperate with the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme by providing
relevant information and their views on the draft declaration on the
guiding principles of demand reduction being developed by the
Executive Director of the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme in consultation with Member States, with due regard to the
linkages between demand and supply reduction activities, and reaffirms
the importance of Economic and Social Council resolutions 1996/18 of
23 July 1996 on the draft declaration on the guiding principles of
demand reduction and 1995/16 of 24 July 1995 on integration of demand
reduction initiatives into a cohesive strategy to combat drug abuse;

      17.   Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/29 of
24 July 1996 on action to strengthen international cooperation to
control precursors and their substitutes used in the illicit
manufacture of controlled substances, in particular amphetamine-type
stimulants, and to prevent their diversion, and calls upon Member
States to strengthen their efforts to control precursors and their
substitutes in cooperation with the International Narcotics Control
Board; 

      18.   Welcomes with satisfaction resolution 5 (XXXVIII) of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs 12/ on strategies for illicit supply
reduction, reaffirming the need to apply effective strategies for
supply reduction, based on the implementation of plans and programmes
for alternative development, which have as their objectives the
reduction and elimination of illicit drug production; 

      19.   Stresses the importance of the high-level segment of the
1996 session of the Economic and Social Council, at which Member
States reaffirmed their political will and commitment to adopt
concrete actions for enhanced international cooperation at all levels;

                                      III

                          GLOBAL PROGRAMME OF ACTION

      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the Global Programme of Action 3/
as a comprehensive framework for national, regional and international
action to combat illicit production of, demand for and trafficking in
narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;

      2.    Calls upon States to implement the mandates and
recommendations of the Global Programme of Action, with a view to
translating it into practical action for drug abuse control at the
national, regional and international levels;

      3.    Urges all Governments and competent regional organizations
to develop a balanced approach within the framework of comprehensive
demand reduction activities, giving adequate priority to prevention,
treatment, research, social reintegration and training in the context
of national strategic plans to combat drug abuse;

      4.    Calls upon the relevant United Nations bodies, the
specialized agencies, the international financial institutions and
other concerned intergovernmental organizations and all actors of
civil society, notably non-governmental organizations, community-based
organizations, sports associations and the private sector, to
cooperate with and assist States in their efforts to promote and
implement the Global Programme of Action;

      5.    Welcomes the efforts made by the Commission on Narcotic
Drugs and the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
facilitate reporting by Governments on the implementation of the
Global Programme of Action, and encourages them to pursue those
efforts so as to increase the number of Governments that respond;

      6.    Notes the efforts being made by the United Nations
International Drug Control Programme and other United Nations bodies
to obtain reliable data on drug abuse and illicit trafficking,
including the development of the International Drug Abuse Assessment
System, encourages the Programme, in cooperation with other United
Nations bodies, to take further steps to facilitate the efficient
collection of data so as to avoid duplication of effort, and
encourages also the increased and timely provision of updated
information by Member States;

      7.    Takes note of Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/20
of 23 July 1996 on strengthening of the role of the International
Narcotics Control Board and development of a unified information
system for the collection and analysis of data concerning the nature,
patterns and trends of the global problem of drug abuse;

      8.    Invites the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to consider ways of providing assistance to Member States
that request it in their efforts to establish appropriate mechanisms
to collect and analyse data and to seek voluntary resources for this
purpose;

      9.    Underlines the importance of precise and reliable
information on the impact of the drug problem on the world economy;

      10.   Calls upon Member States to continue to make efforts to
provide systematic, precise and updated information to the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme on the various ways in
which the drug problem affects their economies;

                                      IV

      SPECIAL SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY DEVOTED TO THE COMBAT
      AGAINST THE ILLICIT PRODUCTION, SALE, DEMAND, TRAFFIC AND
      DISTRIBUTION OF NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES AND
      RELATED ACTIVITIES

      1.    Welcomes Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/17 of
23 July 1996, and notes with satisfaction the support expressed at the
high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council of 1996 for the
proposal to convene a special session of the General Assembly in 1998;

      2.    Decides to convene a special session in order to consider
the fight against the illicit production, sale, demand, traffic and
distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and related
activities and to propose new strategies, methods, practical
activities and specific measures to strengthen international
cooperation in addressing the problem of illicit drugs;

      3.    Stresses that the special session should, as noted in
Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/17, be devoted to
assessing the existing situation within the framework of a
comprehensive and balanced approach that includes all aspects of the
problem, with a view to strengthening international cooperation to
address the problem of illicit drugs within the framework of the
United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs
and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 10/ and other relevant conventions
and international instruments;

      4.    Reaffirms that, at its special session, it will address the
issues on the basis of the principle of shared responsibility and with
full respect for the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United
Nations and international law, particularly respect for the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of States; 

      5.    Decides that the special session will be held for three days
in June 1998, immediately after all the necessary preparatory work has
been done to ensure its success and ten years after the adoption of
the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic
Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;

      6.    Decides also that the Commission on Narcotic Drugs should
act as the preparatory body for the special session of the General
Assembly and that its deliberations should be open-ended, allowing for
the full participation of all States Members of the United Nations and
members of specialized agencies and observers, in accordance with
established practice;

      7.    Invites the Commission on Narcotics Drugs to take
appropriate measures to prepare for the special session, as early as
possible, including the possibility of establishing working groups;
 
      8.    Notes with appreciation the initiatives by Member States
aimed at providing input to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in its
capacity as a preparatory forum for the special session, including the
convening of groups of high-level governmental experts;

      9.    Recognizes the important role played by non-governmental
organizations in the implementation of the Global Programme of Action
contained in the annex to resolution S-17/2 of 23 February 1990, and
recognizes the need for their active involvement in preparations for
the special session in accordance with Economic and Social Council
resolution 1996/31 of 25 July 1996, as well as the need to ensure
appropriate arrangements for their contribution during the special
session;

      10.   Decides that the preparatory process for the special session
of the General Assembly should be funded through the regular budget of
the United Nations, bearing in mind the need to keep financial costs
to a minimum, and that Governments should be invited to make
extrabudgetary contributions to meet those costs; 

      11.   Decides also that, as recommended by the Economic and Social
Council, the special session shall have the following objectives:

      (a)   To promote the adherence to and full implementation by all
States of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, 7/ the
Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 9/ and the United Nations
Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances of 1988;

      (b)   To adopt measures to increase international cooperation to
contribute to the application of the law;

      (c)   To adopt measures to avoid the diversion of chemicals used
in illicit drug production and to strengthen control of the production
of and traffic in stimulants and their precursors;

      (d)   To adopt and promote drug abuse control programmes and
policies and other measures, including those at the international
level, to reduce the illicit demand for drugs;

      (e)   To adopt measures to prevent and sanction money laundering,
in order to implement the United Nations Convention against Illicit
Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988;

      (f)   To encourage international cooperation to develop programmes
of eradication of illicit crops and to promote alternative development
programmes;

      (g)   To adopt measures to strengthen coordination within the
United Nations system in the fight against drug trafficking and
related organized crime, against terrorist groups engaged in drug
trafficking and against illicit arms trade;

      12.   Decides further, at its special session, to review
resolution S-17/2, particularly the progress made in implementing the
Global Programme of Action annexed thereto;

      13.   Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
preparations for, possible outcome of and organizational matters
relating to the special session of the General Assembly, 13/ and
invites the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, while undertaking
preparations for the special session, to bear in mind the
recommendations contained in that report;

      14.   Invites the Commission on Narcotic Drugs to report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-second session, through the Economic and
Social Council, on the progress in the preparations for the special
session;

      15.   Stresses the importance of taking into account a gender
perspective in preparing the outcome of the special session;

      16.   Encourages the participation of developing countries and
assistance to the least developed countries, in order to work actively
towards the attainment of the objectives and goals of the special
session;

      17.   Invites organs, organizations and specialized agencies of
the United Nations system, including multilateral development banks,
to contribute fully to the preparations for the special session of the
General Assembly, in particular by submitting to the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs, as the preparatory body for the special session,
through the Executive Director of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme, concrete recommendations on the issues to be
addressed by the special session;

                                       V

      IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM-WIDE ACTION PLAN ON
      DRUG ABUSE CONTROL: ACTION BY ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS
      SYSTEM

      1.    Supports the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug
Abuse Control 5/ as a vital tool for the coordination and enhancement of
drug abuse control activities within the United Nations system, and
requests that it be updated and reviewed on a biennial basis with a
view to continuing efforts to improve its presentation and usefulness
as a strategic tool of the United Nations for the drug problem;

      2.    Reaffirms the role of the Executive Director of the United
Nations International Drug Control Programme in coordinating and
providing effective leadership for all United Nations drug control
activities, so as to increase cost-effectiveness and ensure coherence
of action within the Programme as well as coordination,
complementarity and non-duplication of such activities throughout the
United Nations system;

      3.    Urges the United Nations organizations associated with the
United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Drug Abuse Control to
collaborate further with the United Nations International Drug Control
Programme to integrate the drug control dimension and assistance into
their programming and planning processes to ensure that the drug
problem is being addressed in all its aspects in relevant programmes;

      4.    Takes note of the recent action taken by the Administrative
Committee on Coordination to ensure the increased commitment by the
specialized agencies, programmes and funds, as well as international
financial institutions, to include the drug control dimension in their
programmes of work;

      5.    Invites Member States to engage United Nations agencies and
multilateral development banks in addressing the drug problem in all
its aspects and to promote due consideration by governing bodies of
requests for assistance for drug control programmes at the national
level;

                                      VI

              UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL PROGRAMME

      1.    Welcomes the efforts of the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme to implement its mandates within the framework
of the international drug control treaties, the Comprehensive
Multidisciplinary Outline of Future Activities in Drug Abuse Control, 2/
the Global Programme of Action 3/ and relevant consensus documents;

      2.    Notes with concern the decline of available resources for
the Fund of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme;

      3.    Endorses Commission on Narcotic Drugs resolution 10
(XXXIX) 14/ regarding a new system of financing activities of the
United Nations International Drug Control Programme, and urges all
Governments to provide the fullest possible financial and political
support to the organization by widening the donor base of the
Programme and increasing voluntary contributions, in particular
general-purpose contributions, to enable it to continue, expand and
strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities;

      4.    Invites Governments and the United Nations International
Drug Control Programme to consider ways and means of improving the
coordination of United Nations drug control-related activities;

      5.    Notes with appreciation the efforts made by the Executive
Director of the United Nations International Drug Control Programme to
comply with the approved format and methodology of the programme
budget of the Fund, in accordance with relevant resolutions of the
Commission on Narcotic Drugs and the General Assembly and the
recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and
Budgetary Questions, and encourages the Executive Director to continue
his efforts to improve the presentation and transparency of the
budget;

      6.    Stresses the importance of the meetings of heads of national
law enforcement agencies, and encourages them to consider ways to
improve their functioning and to strengthen their impact so as to
enhance cooperation in the fight against drugs at the regional level;

                                      VII

      1.    Takes note of the reports of the Secretary-General submitted
under the item entitled "International drug control"; 15/

      2.    Requests the Secretary-General, taking into account the
promotion of integrated reporting:

      (a)   To submit comments to the General Assembly at its
fifty-second session, if necessary, on the report of the Commission on
Narcotic Drugs regarding the preparations for the 1998 special session
of the General Assembly;

      (b)   To include in his annual report on the implementation of the
Global Programme of Action recommendations on ways and means to
improve implementation and provision of information by Member States;

      (c)   To submit to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session
an updated report on the status of the United Nations Convention
against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
of 1988. 10/


                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See Report of the International Conference on Drug Abuse and
Illicit Trafficking, Vienna, 17-26 June 1987 (United Nations
publication, Sales No. E.87.I.18), chap. I, sect. A.

2/    Ibid., sect. B.

3/    Resolution S-17/2, annex.

4/    A/45/262, annex.

5/    See A/49/139-E/1994/57.

6/    See A/49/748, annex, sect. I.A.

7/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

8/    Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

9/    Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

10/   See Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the
Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, Vienna, 25 November-20 December 1988, vol. I
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XI.5).

11/   Resolution 50/81, annex.

12/   See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1995,
Supplement No. 9 (E/1995/29), chap. XII, sect. A.

13/   A/51/469.

14/   See Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 1996,
Supplement No. 7, (E/1996/27), chap. XIV.

15/   A/51/129-E/1996/53, A/51/436, A/51/437 and A/51/469.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org