United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

28 January 1997


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 101


               [on the report of the Third Committee (A/51/610)]

            51/60.      United Nations Declaration on Crime
                        and Public Security

      The General Assembly,

      Convinced that the adoption of a declaration on crime and public
security will contribute to the enhancement of the struggle against
serious transnational crime,

      1.    Approves the United Nations Declaration on Crime and Public
Security annexed to the present resolution;

      2.    Urges Member States, in accordance with the provisions of
the Declaration, to take all appropriate measures at the national and
international levels to combat serious transnational crime;

      3.    Invites the Secretary-General to inform all States and the
relevant specialized agencies and organizations of the adoption of the

      4.    Urges Member States to make every effort to ensure that the
Declaration becomes generally known and is observed and implemented in
full in accordance with their respective national legislation;

      5.    Invites Member States to promote public campaigns, including
the use of mass media, that stimulate public awareness of and
participation in the process of crime prevention and promotion of
public security.

                                                          82nd plenary meeting
                                                              12 December 1996


            United Nations Declaration on Crime and Public Security

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the Declaration on the Occasion of the Fiftieth
Anniversary of the United Nations, 1/ the Declaration on Measures to
Eliminate International Terrorism 2/ and the Naples Political
Declaration and Global Action Plan against Organized Transnational
Crime, 3/

      Solemnly proclaims the following United Nations Declaration on
Crime and Public Security:

                                   Article 1

      Member States shall seek to protect the security and well-being
of their citizens and all persons within their jurisdiction by taking
effective national measures to combat serious transnational crime,
including organized crime, illicit drug and arms trafficking,
smuggling of other illicit articles, organized trafficking in persons,
terrorist crimes and the laundering of proceeds from serious crimes,
and shall pledge their mutual cooperation in those efforts.

                                   Article 2

      Member States shall promote bilateral, regional, multilateral and
global law enforcement cooperation and assistance, including, as
appropriate, mutual legal assistance arrangements, to facilitate the
detection, apprehension and prosecution of those who commit or are
otherwise responsible for serious transnational crimes and to ensure
that law enforcement and other competent authorities can cooperate
effectively on an international basis.

                                   Article 3

       Member States shall take measures to prevent support for and
operations of criminal organizations in their national territories. 
Member States shall, to the fullest possible extent, provide for
effective extradition or prosecution of those who engage in serious
transnational crimes in order that they find no safe haven.

                                   Article 4

      Mutual cooperation and assistance in matters concerning serious
transnational crime shall also include, as appropriate, the
strengthening of systems for the sharing of information among Member
States and the provision of bilateral and multilateral technical
assistance to Member States by utilizing training, exchange programmes
and law enforcement training academies and criminal justice institutes
at the international level.

                                   Article 5

      Member States that have not yet done so are urged to become
parties as soon as possible to the principal existing international
treaties relating to various aspects of the problem of international
terrorism.  States parties shall effectively implement their
provisions in order to fight against terrorist crimes.  Member States
shall also take measures to implement General Assembly resolution
49/60 of 9 December 1994, on measures to eliminate international
terrorism, and the Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International
Terrorism contained in the annex to that resolution.

                                   Article 6

      Member States that have not yet done so are urged to become
parties to the international drug control conventions as soon as
possible.  States parties shall effectively implement the provisions
of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 4/ as amended by
the 1972 Protocol, 5/ the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of
1971, 6/ and the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic
in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988. 7/  Member
States specifically reaffirm that, on the basis of shared
responsibility, they shall take all necessary preventive and
enforcement measures to eliminate the illicit production of,
trafficking in and distribution and consumption of narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances, including measures to facilitate the fight
against those criminals involved in this type of transnational
organized crime.

                                   Article 7

      Member States shall take measures within their national
jurisdiction to improve their ability to detect and interdict the
movement across borders of those who engage in serious transnational
crime, as well as the instrumentalities of such crime, and shall take
effective specific measures to protect their territorial boundaries,
such as:

      (a)   Adopting effective controls on explosives and against
illicit trafficking by criminals in certain materials and their
components that are specifically designed for use in manufacturing
nuclear, biological or chemical weapons and, in order to lessen risks
arising from such trafficking, by becoming parties to and fully
implementing all relevant international treaties relating to weapons
of mass destruction;

      (b)   Strengthening supervision of passport issuance and
enhancement of protection against tampering and counterfeiting;

      (c)   Strengthening enforcement of regulations on illicit
transnational trafficking in firearms, with a view to both suppressing
the use of firearms in criminal activities and reducing the likelihood
of fuelling deadly conflict;

      (d)   Coordinating measures and exchanging information to combat
the organized criminal smuggling of persons across national borders.

                                   Article 8

      To combat further the transnational flow of the proceeds of
crime, Member States agree to adopt measures, as appropriate, to
combat the concealment or disguise of the true origin of proceeds of
serious transnational crime and the intentional conversion or transfer
of such proceeds for that purpose.  Member States agree to require
adequate record-keeping by financial and related institutions and, as
appropriate, the reporting of suspicious transactions and to ensure
effective laws and procedures to permit the seizure and forfeiture of
the proceeds of serious transnational crime.  Member States recognize
the need to limit the application of bank secrecy laws, if any, with
respect to criminal operations and to obtain the cooperation of the
financial institutions in detecting these and any other operations
that may be used for the purpose of money-laundering.

                                   Article 9

      Member States agree to take steps to strengthen the overall
professionalism of their criminal justice, law enforcement and victim
assistance systems and relevant regulatory authorities through
measures such as training, resource allocation and arrangements for
technical assistance with other States and to promote the involvement
of all elements of society in combating and preventing serious
transnational crime.

                                  Article 10

      Member States agree to combat and prohibit corruption and
bribery, which undermine the legal foundations of civil society, by
enforcing applicable domestic laws against such activity.  For this
purpose, Member States also agree to consider developing concerted
measures for international cooperation to curb corrupt practices, as
well as developing technical expertise to prevent and control

                                  Article 11

      Actions taken in furtherance of the present Declaration shall
fully respect the national sovereignty and territorial jurisdiction of
Member States, as well as the rights and obligations of Member States
under existing treaties and international law, and shall be consistent
with human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized by the United


1/    Resolution 50/6.

2/    Resolution 49/60, annex.

3/    See resolution 49/159.

4/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 520, No. 7515.

5/    Ibid., vol. 976, No. 14152.

6/    Ibid., vol. 1019, No. 14956.

7/    See Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the
Adoption of a Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances, Vienna, 25 November-20 December 1988, vol. I
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.94.XI.5).

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