United Nations

A/RES/51/55


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 81


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.21)]


            51/55.      The maintenance of international
                        security - prevention of the violent
                        disintegration of States

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the purposes and principles of the Charter of the
United Nations,

      Convinced that the observance of the Charter and the principles
of international law is essential for the strengthening of
international peace and security,

      Considering the emergence of new opportunities for building a
peaceful world,

      Mindful of the obligations of all States under the Charter, inter
alia, to refrain in their international relations from the threat or
use of force against the territorial integrity or political
independence of any State, to develop friendly relations among nations
and to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or
religion,

      Deeply concerned that situations that may lead to a breach of
international peace are continuing in spite of the efforts of the
United Nations to put an end to them and to avert such conflicts in
the future,

      Stressing the importance of the activities of the international
organizations, such as the Organization of African Unity, the
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organization
of American States, the Association of South-East Asian Nations, the
Council of Europe, the League of Arab States and the Organization of
the Islamic Conference, with the aim of preventing the violent
disintegration of States, of maintaining international peace and
security and of promoting international cooperation for development,

      Considering that the violent disintegration of States may
threaten the maintenance of international peace and security,

      Affirming the need for United Nations measures to help prevent
the violent disintegration of States, thereby enhancing the
maintenance of international peace and security and the economic and
social advancement of all peoples,

      1.    Calls upon all States, the relevant international
organizations and competent organs of the United Nations to continue
to undertake measures in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations as appropriate to help to prevent the violent disintegration
of States;

      2.    Stresses the importance of good-neighbourliness and the
development of friendly relations among States to the solution of
problems among States, to prevent the violent disintegration of States
and to promote international cooperation in accordance with the
Charter;

      3.    Affirms the need for strict compliance with the principle of
the inviolability of international borders among States;

      4.    Affirms also the need for strict compliance with the
principle of the territorial integrity of any State;

      5.    Requests all States and the relevant international
organizations to communicate to the Secretary-General their views on
the maintenance of international security - prevention of the violent
disintegration of States;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
third session an item entitled "The maintenance of international
security - prevention of the violent disintegration of States".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996
 

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Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
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