United Nations

A/RES/51/53


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 79


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.19)]


            51/53.      African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone
                        Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba)


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 50/78 of 12 December 1995 and all its
other relevant resolutions, as well as those of the Organization of
African Unity,

      Noting and welcoming with satisfaction the successful conclusion
of the signing ceremony of the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty
(Treaty of Pelindaba) 1/ that was held at Cairo on 11 April 1996,

      Recalling the Cairo Declaration adopted on that occasion, which
emphasized that nuclear-weapon-free zones, especially in regions of
tension, such as the Middle East, enhance global and regional peace
and security,

      Noting with satisfaction the statement made by the President of
the Security Council on behalf of the members of the Council on 12
April 1996, 2/ in which it was stated that the signature of the
African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty constituted an important
contribution by the African countries to the maintenance of
international peace and security,

      Considering that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones,
especially in the Middle East, would enhance the security of Africa
and the viability of the African nuclear-weapon-free zone,

      Bearing in mind resolution CM/Res.1660 (LXIV) on expediting the
process of ratification of the Treaty of Pelindaba, adopted by the
Council of Ministers of the Organization of African Unity at its
sixty-fourth ordinary session, held at Yaounde' from 1 to 5 July
1996, 3/

      1.    Calls upon African States to sign and ratify the African
Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty 1/ as soon as possible so that it may
enter into force without delay;

      2.    Expresses its appreciation to the international community
and in particular to the nuclear-weapon States which have signed the
Protocols that concern them, and calls upon them to ratify the
Protocols as soon as possible;

      3.    Calls upon the States contemplated in Protocol III to the
Treaty to take all necessary measures to ensure the speedy application
of the Treaty to territories for which they are, de jure or de facto,
internationally responsible and which lie within the limits of the
geographical zone established in the Treaty;

      4.    Calls upon the African States parties to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 4/ which have not yet
concluded comprehensive safeguards agreements with the International
Atomic Energy Agency pursuant to the Treaty to do so, thereby
satisfying the requirements of article 9 (b) and annex II to the
Treaty of Pelindaba when it enters into force;

      5.    Expresses its profound gratitude to the Secretary-General
for the diligence with which he has rendered effective assistance to
the signatories to the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty in
accordance with resolution 50/78;

      6.    Expresses its gratitude to the Secretary-General of the
Organization of African Unity and the Director General of the
International Atomic Energy Agency for the diligence with which they
have rendered effective assistance to the signatories to the Treaty;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to extend
assistance, within existing resources, to the signatories in 1997 in
order to achieve the aims of the present resolution;

      8.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone
Treaty".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See A/50/426.

2/    S/PRST/1996/17.

3/    A/51/524, annex I.

4/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.

 

This document has been posted online by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Reproduction and dissemination of the document - in electronic and/or printed format - is encouraged, provided acknowledgement is made of the role of the United Nations in making it available.

Date last posted: 10 January 2000 10:55:20
Comments and suggestions: esa@un.org