United Nations

A/RES/51/52


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

8 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 78


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.18)]


            51/52.      Consolidation of the regime
                        established by the Treaty for the
                        Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in
                        Latin America and the Caribbean
                        (Treaty of Tlatelolco)

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling that in its resolution 1911 (XVIII) of 27 November 1963
it expressed the hope that the States of Latin America would take
appropriate measures to conclude a treaty that would prohibit nuclear
weapons in Latin America,

      Recalling also that in the same resolution it voiced its
confidence that, once such a treaty was concluded, all States, and in
particular the nuclear-weapon States, would lend it their full
cooperation for the effective realization of its peaceful aims,

      Considering that in its resolution 2028 (XX) of 19 November 1965
it established the principle of an acceptable balance of mutual
responsibilities and obligations between nuclear-weapon States and
those which do not possess such weapons,

      Recalling that the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons
in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) 1/ was
opened for signature at Mexico City on 14 February 1967,

      Taking note of the thirtieth anniversary on 14 February 1997 of
the opening for signature of the Treaty of Tlatelolco,

      Recalling that in its preamble the Treaty of Tlatelolco states
that military denuclearized zones are not an end in themselves but
rather a means for achieving general and complete disarmament at a
later stage,

      Recalling also that in its resolution 2286 (XXII) of 5 December
1967 it welcomed with special satisfaction the Treaty of Tlatelolco as
an event of historic significance in the efforts to prevent the
proliferation of nuclear weapons and to promote international peace
and security,

      Recalling further that in 1990, 1991 and 1992 the General
Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in
Latin America and the Caribbean approved and opened for signature a
set of amendments to the Treaty of Tlatelolco, 2/ with the aim of
enabling the full entry into force of that instrument,

      Recalling resolution C/E/RES.27 of the Council of the Agency for
the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean, 3/in which the Council calls for the promotion of
cooperation and consultations with other nuclear-weapon-free zones,

      Noting with satisfaction that, with the full adherence on 6 May
1996 of Guyana, the Treaty of Tlatelolco is in force for thirty-one
sovereign States of the region,

      Also noting with satisfaction that the amended Treaty of
Tlatelolco is fully in force for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guyana,
Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, Suriname and Uruguay,

      1.    Welcomes the concrete steps taken by some countries of the
region during the past year for the consolidation of the regime of
military denuclearization established by the Treaty for the
Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
(Treaty of Tlatelolco); 1/

      2.    Notes with satisfaction the full adherence of Guyana to the
Treaty of Tlatelolco;

      3.    Urges the countries of the region that have not yet done so
to deposit their instruments of ratification of the amendments to the
Treaty of Tlatelolco approved by the General Conference of the Agency
for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean in its resolutions 267 (E-V) of 3 July 1990, 268 (XII) of 10
May 1991 and 290 (E-VII) of 26 August 1992;

      4.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Consolidation of the regime
established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in
Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 634, No. 9068.

2/    A/47/467, annex.

3/    See CD/1392.

 

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