United Nations


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

8 January 1997


Fifty-first session
Agenda item 76


           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.16)]

            51/50.      Strengthening of security and
                        cooperation in the Mediterranean

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its previous resolutions on the subject, including
resolution 50/75 of 12 December 1995,

      Reaffirming the primary role of the Mediterranean countries in
strengthening and promoting peace, security and cooperation in the
Mediterranean region,

      Bearing in mind all the previous declarations and commitments, as
well as all the initiatives taken by the riparian countries at the
recent summits, ministerial meetings and various forums concerning the
question of the Mediterranean region,

      Recognizing the efforts made so far and the determination of the
Mediterranean countries to intensify the process of dialogue and
consultations with a view to resolving the problems existing in the
Mediterranean region and to eliminate the causes of tension and the
consequent threat to peace and security,

      Recognizing also the indivisible character of security in the
Mediterranean and that the enhancement of cooperation among
Mediterranean countries with a view to promoting the economic and
social development of all peoples of the region will contribute
significantly to stability, peace and security in the region,

      Recognizing further that prospects for closer Euro-Mediterranean
cooperation in all spheres can be enhanced by positive developments
worldwide, in particular in Europe, in the Maghreb and in the Middle

      Noting the developments in the Middle East peace process that
will lead to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the
region and therefore to promoting confidence-building measures and a
good-neighbourly spirit among the countries of the area,

      Expressing satisfaction at the growing awareness of the need for
more joint efforts by all Mediterranean countries so as to strengthen
economic, social, cultural and environmental cooperation in the

      Reaffirming the responsibility of all States to contribute to the
stability and prosperity of the Mediterranean region and their
commitment to respect the purposes and principles of the Charter of
the United Nations, as well as the provisions of the Declaration on
Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and
Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United
Nations, 1/

      Expressing its concern at the persistent tension and continuing
military activities in parts of the Mediterranean that hinder efforts
to strengthen security and cooperation in the region,

      Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on this
item, 2/

      1.    Reaffirms that security in the Mediterranean is closely
linked to European security as well as to international peace and

      2.    Expresses its satisfaction at the continuing efforts by
Mediterranean countries to contribute actively to the elimination of
all causes of tension in the region and to the promotion of just and
lasting solutions to the persistent problems of the region through
peaceful means, thus ensuring the withdrawal of foreign forces of
occupation and respecting the sovereignty, independence and
territorial integrity of all countries of the Mediterranean and the
right of peoples to self-determination, and therefore calls for full
adherence to the principles of non-interference, non-intervention,
non-use of force or threat of use of force and the inadmissibility of
the acquisition of territory by force, in accordance with the Charter
and the relevant resolutions of the United Nations;

      3.    Commends the efforts by the Mediterranean countries in
meeting common challenges through coordinated overall responses, based
on a spirit of multilateral partnership, towards the general objective
of turning the Mediterranean basin into an area of dialogue, exchanges
and cooperation, guaranteeing peace, stability and prosperity;

      4.    Encourages Mediterranean countries to strengthen such
efforts through, inter alia, a lasting, multilateral and action-
oriented cooperative dialogue among States of the region;

      5.    Recognizes that the elimination of the economic and social
disparities in levels of development as well as other obstacles in the
Mediterranean area will contribute to enhancing peace, security and
cooperation among Mediterranean countries through the existing forums;

      6.    Recognizes also that respect and greater understanding among
cultures will contribute to enhancing peace, security and cooperation
among Mediterranean countries;

      7.    Calls upon all States of the Mediterranean region that have
not yet done so to adhere to all the multilaterally negotiated legal
instruments related to the field of disarmament, thus creating the
necessary conditions for strengthening peace and cooperation in the

      8.    Encourages all States of the region to favour the necessary
conditions for strengthening the confidence-building measures among
them by promoting genuine openness and transparency on all military
matters, by participating, inter alia, in the United Nations system
for the standardized reporting of military expenditures as well as by
providing accurate data and information to the United Nations Register
of Conventional Arms;

      9.    Encourages the Mediterranean countries to strengthen further
their cooperation in combating terrorism, in all its forms and
manifestations, which poses a serious threat to peace, security and
stability in the region and therefore to the improvement of the
current political, economic and social situation;

      10.   Invites all States of the region to address, through various
forms of cooperation, problems and threats posed to the region, such
as terrorism, international crime and illicit arms transfers, as well
as illicit drug production, consumption and trafficking, which
jeopardize the friendly relations among States, hinder the development
of international cooperation and result in the destruction of human
rights, fundamental freedoms and the democratic basis of pluralistic

      11.   Encourages the continued widespread support among the
Mediterranean countries for the convening of a conference on security
and cooperation in the Mediterranean, as well as the ongoing
consultations to create the appropriate conditions for its convening;

      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit a report on means
to strengthen security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region;

      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Strengthening of security and
cooperation in the Mediterranean region".
                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


1/    Resolution 2625 (XXV), annex.

2/    A/51/230 and Corr.1 and Add.1.


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