United Nations

A/RES/51/5


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 November 1996

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 28


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

              [without reference to a Main Committee (A/51/L.4)]


            51/5.    Universal Congress on the Panama Canal


      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolution 50/12 of 7 November 1995 supporting the
convening of the Universal Congress on the Panama Canal, which is to
be held at Panama City from 7 to 10 September 1997,

      Having considered the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of resolution 50/12,  1/

      Taking into account resolution 1376 (XXVI-0/96) of the General
Assembly of the Organization of American States entitled "The Panama
Canal in the Twenty-first Century" and resolution 1379 (XXVI-0/96) on
the Universal Congress on the Panama Canal, both adopted on
6 June 1996, in which, inter alia, the General Assembly of the
Organization of American States noted with satisfaction the harmonious
transition process in which the Governments of Panama and the United
States of America are participating, through their diplomatic
missions, the Panama Canal Commission, the Interoceanic Region
Authority and the Transition Commission,

      Having considered the letter dated 27 September 1996 from the
Permanent Representative of Panama to the United Nations addressed to
the Secretary-General,  2/ outlining the work being done by the
Government of Panama in connection with the holding of the Universal
Congress on the Panama Canal and indicating the progress made by the
Organizing Commission for that Congress, under the direction of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,

      Bearing in mind that on 7 September 1977 the Panama Canal Treaty
and the Treaty concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of
the Panama Canal, known as the Torrijos-Carter Treaties, were signed
in Washington, D.C., which stipulate that, at noon on
31 December 1999, the Canal, including all improvements, is to come
under the control of the Republic of Panama,

      Acknowledging the importance that the international community
attaches to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin
America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) and the positive
implications that the strengthening of the nuclear-weapon-free regime
established by that Treaty has for the permanent neutrality of the
Panama Canal,

      Welcoming the fact that, in anticipation of the holding of the
Congress, Panama has ratified the United Nations Convention on the Law
of the Sea,  3/  universally recognized as the framework for the
adoption of national, regional and global measures in maritime
matters, in harmony with chapter 17 of Agenda 21  4/ adopted at
the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development,

      Reaffirming the utility of the Panama Canal for international
maritime transport and the growth of the world economy, and the need
to tackle the problems of interoceanic communication in the twenty-
first century,

      Noting with appreciation the activities being undertaken in
various spheres by Governments, organizations and programmes of the
United Nations system and other intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations in support of the holding of the Universal Congress,

      Recognizing that the next stages of preparation and organization
of the Congress require increased efforts and the availability of
greater resources,

      1.    Notes with satisfaction the report of the Secretary-General
on the implementation of resolution 50/12; 1/

      2.    Reiterates its firm support for the initiative of the
Government of Panama, and urges it to continue to intensify its
efforts to organize the Universal Congress on the Panama Canal at
Panama City from 7 to 10 September 1997;

      3.    Renews its appeal to Member States generously to assist the
Government of Panama, and calls upon intergovernmental and non-
governmental organizations to do likewise;

      4.    Again urges the competent organs, programmes and specialized
agencies of the United Nations system, in particular the United
Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment
Programme and the International Maritime Organization, to make every
effort to provide assistance from within existing resources for the
holding of the Universal Congress on the Panama Canal;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Universal Congress on the Panama
Canal".

                                                          40th plenary meeting
                                                               24 October 1996


                                     Notes

1/    A/51/281.

2/    A/51/477.

3/    Official Records of the Third United Nations Conference on the
Law of the Sea, vol. XVII (United Nations publication, Sales No.
E.84.V.3), document A/CONF.62/122.

4/    Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and
Development, Rio de Janeiro, 3-14 June 1992 (A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1
(Vol. I and Vol. I/Corr.1, Vol. II, Vol. III and Vol. III/Corr.1))
(United Nations publication, Sales No. E.93.I.8 and corrigenda),
vol. I:  Resolutions Adopted by the Conference, resolution 1, annex
II.


 

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