United Nations

A/RES/51/48


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

8 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 74


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.14)]


            51/48.      The risk of nuclear proliferation in
                        the Middle East


      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind the relevant United Nations resolutions,

      Taking note of the relevant resolutions adopted by the General
Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the latest of
which is resolution GC(40)RES/22 adopted on 20 September 1996, and
noting the danger of nuclear proliferation, especially in areas of
tension,

      Cognizant that the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region
of the Middle East would pose a serious threat to international peace
and security,

      Mindful of the importance of placing all nuclear facilities in
the region of the Middle East under full-scope safeguards of the
International Atomic Energy Agency,

      Recalling the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995
Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 11 May 1995, 1/ in which the
Conference noted with concern the continued existence in the Middle
East of unsafeguarded nuclear facilities, reaffirmed the importance of
the early realization of universal adherence to the Treaty 2/ and
called upon all States in the Middle East that had not yet done so,
without exception, to accede to the Treaty as soon as possible and to
place all their nuclear facilities under full-scope International
Atomic Energy Agency safeguards,

      Recalling also the decision on principles and objectives for
nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament adopted by the 1995 Review
and Extension Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons on 11 May 1995, 1/ in which the
Conference urged universal adherence to the Treaty as an urgent
priority and called upon all States not yet party to the Treaty to
accede to it at the earliest date, particularly those States that
operate unsafeguarded nuclear facilities,

      Noting that, since the adoption of the aforementioned resolution
and decision on 11 May 1995, Djibouti and the United Arab Emirates
have become parties to the Treaty, and that Oman will become a party
to the Treaty at the earliest date, and noting also that Israel shall
be the only State in the Middle East that has not yet become a party
to the Treaty and has not declared its intention to do so,

      Concerned about threats posed to security and stability by the
proliferation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction
in the region,

      Stressing the importance of undertaking confidence-building
measures, in particular the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free
zone in the Middle East, in order to consolidate the non-proliferation
regime and enhance peace and security in the region,

      Noting the adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
by the General Assembly 3/ and its signature by one hundred and
thirty-two States, including a number of States in the region,

      1.    Welcomes the accession of Djibouti to the Treaty on the
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 2/ on 22 August 1996, as well as
the decision of Oman, expressed by its Minister of State for Foreign
Affairs before the General Assembly on 1 October 1996, 4/ to accede
to the Treaty;

      2.    Calls upon the only State in the region that is not yet
party to the Treaty and has not declared its intention to do so, to
accede to the Treaty without further delay, and not to develop,
produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons and to renounce
possession of nuclear weapons, and to place all unsafeguarded nuclear
facilities under full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency
safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all
States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and
security;

      3.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      4.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "The risk of nuclear proliferation in
the Middle East".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See 1995 Review and Extension Conference of the Parties to the
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Final Document,
Part I (NPT/CONF.1995/32 (Part I)), annex.

2/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.

3/    See resolution 50/245.

4/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first
Session, Plenary Meetings, 16th meeting.

 

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