United Nations

A/RES/51/47


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

8 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 73


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.13)]


            51/47.      Review of the implementation of the
                        recommendations and decisions adopted
                        by the General Assembly at its tenth
                        special session

                                       A

         Expansion of the membership of the Conference on Disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Conference on Disarmament 1/ and in
particular the section concerning the expansion of the membership of the
Conference,

      Stressing the role of the Conference on Disarmament as the sole
multilateral global negotiating body on disarmament,

      Convinced that a more representative membership of the Conference
on Disarmament from among the United Nations would contribute to the
more effective pursuit of disarmament goals affecting the entire
international community,

      Recalling that, since 1978, when agreement was reached at the
first special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament
that the membership of the then Committee on Disarmament would be
reviewed at regular intervals, there have been thirty-seven
applications for membership in the Conference,

      Recalling also that, in 1993, the Special Coordinator for
Membership of the Conference on Disarmament proposed that twenty-three
applicants for membership should be admitted to the Conference and
proposed further that a dynamic solution to the question of membership
should be pursued,

      Recalling further decision CD/1406 of the Conference on
Disarmament, adopted at its 739th plenary meeting on 17 June 1996,
admitting twenty-three countries as members of the Conference, 2/

      Recalling its resolution 50/72 C of 12 December 1995, adopted
without a vote, in which it urged that, following the presentation of
progress reports by the President of the Conference, the other
applicants to date be further considered by the Conference at its 1996
session,

      Noting the request of the Conference on Disarmament that its
President continue consultations on a further expansion of its
membership and report to it at the beginning of its 1997 session,

      1.    Recognizes the legitimate aspirations of all countries that
have applied for membership to participate fully in the work of the
Conference on Disarmament;

      2.    Calls upon the Conference on Disarmament to consider all
remaining applications for membership with a view to reaching a
decision on its further enlargement before the end of its 1997
session.

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       B

                     Report of the Disarmament Commission

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Disarmament Commission, 3/

      Recalling its resolutions 47/54 A of 9 December 1992, 47/54 G of
8 April 1993, 48/77 A of 16 December 1993, 49/77 A of 15 December 1994
and 50/72 D of 12 December 1995,

      Considering the role that the Disarmament Commission has been
called upon to play and the contribution that it should make in
examining and submitting recommendations on various problems in the
field of disarmament and in the promotion of the implementation of the
relevant decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth
special session,

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Disarmament Commission; 3/

      2.    Commends the Disarmament Commission for its adoption by
consensus, at its 1996 substantive session, of a set of guidelines for
international arms transfers in the context of General Assembly
resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991, 4/ which were recommended to
the Assembly for consideration;

      3.    Endorses the guidelines for international arms transfers in
the context of General Assembly resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991,
as adopted by the Disarmament Commission;

      4.    Notes with satisfaction that the Disarmament Commission has
made significant progress in the discussions on its agenda item
regarding the convening of the fourth special session of the General
Assembly devoted to disarmament;

      5.    Reaffirms the importance of further enhancing the dialogue
and cooperation among the First Committee, the Disarmament Commission
and the Conference on Disarmament;

      6.    Also reaffirms the role of the Disarmament Commission as the
specialized, deliberative body within the United Nations multilateral
disarmament machinery that allows for in-depth deliberations on
specific disarmament issues, leading to the submission of concrete
recommendations on those issues;

      7.    Encourages the Disarmament Commission to continue to make
every effort to enhance its working methods so as to enable it to give
focused consideration to a limited number of priority issues in the
field of disarmament, bearing in mind the decision it has taken to
move its agenda towards a three-item phased approach;

      8.    Requests the Disarmament Commission to continue its work in
accordance with its mandate, as set forth in paragraph 118 of the
Final Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General
Assembly, 5/ and with paragraph 3 of Assembly resolution 37/78 H of
9 December 1982, and to that end to make every effort to achieve
specific recommendations on the items of its agenda, taking into
account the adopted "Ways and means to enhance the functioning of the
Disarmament Commission"; 6/

      9.    Recommends that, pursuant to the adopted three-item phased
approach, the Disarmament Commission, at its 1996 organizational
session, adopt the following items for consideration at its 1997
substantive session:

      (a)   The establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones on the basis
of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region
concerned;

      (b)   The fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted
to disarmament;

      (c)   [to be added]; 7/

      10.   Requests the Disarmament Commission to meet for a period not
exceeding four weeks during 1997 and to submit a substantive report to
the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      11.   Requests the Secretary-General to transmit to the
Disarmament Commission the annual report of the Conference on
Disarmament, 1/ together with all the official records of the fifty-
first session of the General Assembly relating to disarmament matters,
and to render all assistance that the Commission may require for
implementing the present resolution;

      12.   Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure full provision
to the Disarmament Commission and its subsidiary bodies of
interpretation and translation facilities in the official languages
and to assign, as a matter of priority, all the necessary resources
and services, including verbatim records, to that end;

      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Report of the Disarmament
Commission".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       C

                    Report of the Conference on Disarmament

      The General Assembly,

      Having considered the report of the Conference on Disarmament, 1/ 

      Convinced that the Conference on Disarmament, as the single
multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international
community, has the primary role in substantive negotiations on
priority questions of disarmament,

      Considering, in this respect, that the present international
climate should give additional impetus to multilateral negotiations
with the aim of reaching concrete agreements,

      1.    Reaffirms the role of the Conference on Disarmament as the
single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international
community;

      2.    Welcomes the determination of the Conference on Disarmament
to fulfil that role in the light of the evolving international
situation, with a view to making early substantive progress on
priority items of its agenda;

      3.    Also welcomes the decision taken by the Conference on
Disarmament on 17 June 1996 to expand its membership with the
admission of twenty-three new members; 2/

      4.    Encourages the Conference on Disarmament to continue further
review of its membership;

      5.    Also encourages the Conference on Disarmament to intensify
further the ongoing review of its agenda and methods of work;

      6.    Urges the Conference on Disarmament to make every effort to
reach a consensus on its agenda and programme of work at the beginning
of its 1997 session;

      7.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to ensure the
provision to the Conference on Disarmament of adequate administrative,
substantive and conference support services;

      8.    Requests the Conference on Disarmament to submit a report on
its work to the General Assembly at its fifty-second session;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Report of the Conference on
Disarmament".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 27 (A/51/27).

2/    Ibid., para. 16.

3/    Ibid., Supplement No. 42 (A/51/42).

4/    Ibid., annex I.

5/    Resolution S-10/2.

6/    A/CN.10/137.

7/    The new item on conventional weapons will be decided by the
Disarmament Commission at its 1996 organizational session.

 

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