United Nations

A/RES/51/46


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

9 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 72


                  RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

           [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.12)]


            51/46.      Review and implementation of the
                        Concluding Document of the Twelfth
                        Special Session of the General
                        Assembly

                                       A

               United Nations Disarmament Information Programme

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its decision taken in 1982 at its twelfth special
session, the second special session devoted to disarmament, by which
the World Disarmament Campaign was launched, 1/

      Bearing in mind its various resolutions on the subject, including
resolution 47/53 D of 9 December 1992, in which it decided, inter
alia, that the World Disarmament Campaign should be known thereafter
as the "United Nations Disarmament Information Programme" and the
World Disarmament Campaign Voluntary Trust Fund as the "Voluntary
Trust Fund for the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme",

      Recalling its resolution 49/76 A of 15 December 1994,

      Having examined the report of the Secretary-General of 19 July
1996 on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme, 2/

      Deeply concerned by the continuing decrease in contributions to
the Programme, which has already affected a number of activities,
beginning with the suspension of publications such as the Disarmament
Newsletter and Topical Papers,

      1.    Takes note with concern of the report of the Secretary-
General of 19 July 1996 on the United Nations Disarmament Information
Programme; 2/

      2.    Commends the Secretary-General for his efforts to make
effective use of the limited resources available to him in
disseminating as widely as possible information on arms limitation and
disarmament to Governments, the media, non-governmental organizations,
educational communities and research institutes, and in carrying out a
seminar and conference programme;

      3.    Stresses the importance of the Programme, as a significant
instrument in enabling developing countries to participate fully in
the deliberations and negotiations on disarmament in the various
United Nations bodies;

      4.    Notes with appreciation the contributions to the efforts of
the Programme by the United Nations information centres and the
regional centres for disarmament;

      5.    Recommends that the Programme focus its efforts:

      (a)   To inform, to educate and to generate public understanding
of the importance of multilateral action and support for it, including
action by the United Nations and the Conference on Disarmament, in the
field of arms limitation and disarmament, in a factual, balanced and
objective manner, in particular through the continuing publication in
all official languages of The United Nations Disarmament Yearbook and
Disarmament:  A Periodic Review by the United Nations, and the
updating of the Status of Multilateral Arms Regulation and Disarmament
Agreements;

      (b)   To facilitate unimpeded access to and an exchange of
information on ideas between the public sector and public interest
groups and organizations, and to provide an independent source of
balanced and factual information that takes into account a range of
views to help further an informed debate on arms limitation,
disarmament and security;

      (c)   To organize meetings to facilitate exchanges of views and
information between governmental and non-governmental sectors and
between governmental and other experts in order to facilitate the
search for common ground;

      6.    Invites all Member States to contribute to the Voluntary
Trust Fund for the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme;

      7.    Commends the Secretary-General for supporting the efforts of
universities, other academic institutions and non-governmental
organizations active in the educational field in widening the
worldwide availability of disarmament education, and invites him to
continue to support and cooperate with educational institutions and
non-governmental organizations engaged in such efforts, without cost
to the regular budget of the United Nations;

      8.    Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-third session a report covering both the
implementation of the activities of the Programme by the United
Nations system during the previous two years and the activities of the
Programme contemplated by the system for the following two years;

      9.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
third session the item entitled "United Nations Disarmament
Information Programme".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       B

           United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament
                            in Asia and the Pacific

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 42/39 D of 30 November 1987 and 44/117
F of 15 December 1989, by which it established the United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and renamed it the
United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and
the Pacific, with headquarters at Kathmandu and with the mandate of
providing, on request, substantive support for the initiatives and
other activities mutually agreed upon by the Member States of the
Asia-Pacific region for the implementation of measures for peace and
disarmament, through appropriate utilization of available resources,

      Welcoming the report of the Secretary-General, 3/ in which he
expresses his belief that the mandate of the Regional Centre not only
remains valid but is even more relevant today in the changed
international environment,

      Commending the useful activities carried out by the Regional
Centre in encouraging regional and subregional dialogue for the
enhancement of openness, transparency and confidence-building, as well
as the promotion of disarmament and security through the organization
of regional meetings, which has come to be widely known within the
Asia-Pacific region as the "Kathmandu process",

      Noting that trends in the post-cold-war era have emphasized the
function of the Regional Centre in assisting Member States as they
deal with new security concerns and disarmament issues emerging in the
region,

      Recognizing the need for the Regional Centre to pursue
effectively its expanded function,

      Expressing its appreciation to the Regional Centre for its
organization of substantive regional meetings at Kathmandu and at
Hiroshima, Japan, in 1996,

      Appreciating highly the important role Nepal has played as the
host nation of the headquarters of the Regional Centre,

      1.    Reaffirms its resolution 50/71 D of 12 December 1995, in
particular its strong support for the continued operation and further
strengthening of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and
Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific as an essential promoter of the
regional peace and disarmament dialogue in the Asia-Pacific region
known as the "Kathmandu process";

      2.    Expresses its appreciation for the political support and
financial contribution received by the Regional Centre;

      3.    Appeals to Member States, in particular those within the
Asia-Pacific region, as well as to international governmental and non-
governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary
contributions in order to strengthen the programme of activities of
the Regional Centre and its implementation;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to provide all necessary
support, within existing resources, to the Regional Centre in carrying
out its programme of activities;

      5.    Also requests the Secretary-General to report to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session on the implementation of the
present resolution;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "United Nations Regional Centre for
Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       C

                     Regional confidence-building measures

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling the purposes and principles of the United Nations and
its primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace
and security in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

      Bearing in mind the guidelines for general and complete
disarmament adopted at its tenth special session, the first special
session devoted to disarmament,

      Recalling its resolutions 43/78 H and 43/85 of 7 December 1988,
44/21 of 15 November 1989, 45/58 M of 4 December 1990, 46/37 B of 6
December 1991, 47/53 F of 15 December 1992, 48/76 A of 16 December
1993, 49/76 C of 15 December 1994 and 50/71 B of 12 December 1995,

      Considering the importance and effectiveness of confidence-
building measures taken at the initiative and with the participation
of all States concerned and taking into account the specific
characteristics of each region, in that they can contribute to
regional disarmament and to international security, in accordance with
the principles of the Charter,

      Convinced that the resources released by disarmament, including
regional disarmament, can be devoted to economic and social
development and to the protection of the environment for the benefit
of all peoples, in particular those of the developing countries,

      Convinced also that development can be achieved only in a climate
of peace, security and mutual confidence both within and among States,

      Bearing in mind the establishment by the Secretary-General on 28
May 1992 of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security
Questions in Central Africa, the purpose of which is to encourage arms
limitation, disarmament, non-proliferation and development in the
subregion,

      Recalling the Brazzaville Declaration on Cooperation for Peace
and Security in Central Africa, 4/

      1.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General on
regional confidence-building measures, 5/ which deals with the
activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on
Security Questions in Central Africa in the period since the adoption
by the General Assembly of resolution 50/71 B;

      2.    Reaffirms its support for efforts aimed at promoting
confidence-building measures at regional and subregional levels in
order to ease tensions and conflicts in the subregion and to further
disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful settlement of disputes
in Central Africa;

      3.    Also reaffirms its support for the programme of work of the
Standing Advisory Committee adopted at the organizational meeting of
the Committee held at Yaounde' in July 1992;

      4.    Welcomes the fact that the Committee's programme of work has
led to specific actions and measures promoting confidence-building and
security in the Central African subregion;

      5.    Notes the holding of the First Summit of Heads of State and
Government of Countries Members of the United Nations Standing
Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa, at
Yaounde' on 8 July 1996;

      6.    Welcomes with great satisfaction the signature at that
Summit of the Non-Aggression Pact between the States members of the
United Nations Standing Advisory Committee, and reaffirms its
conviction that the Pact is likely to contribute to the prevention of
conflicts and further confidence-building in the Central African
subregion;

      7.    Invites the States members of the Standing Advisory
Committee that have not yet signed the Pact to do so, and encourages
all member States to expedite ratification so that it may enter into
force as soon as possible;

      8.    Welcomes with satisfaction the Final Declaration of the
First Summit of the Standing Advisory Committee, 6/ which aims at
the implementation of the following measures:

      (a)   The promotion of participatory systems of governance as a
means of preventing conflicts;

      (b)   The organization, under United Nations auspices, of training
seminars for officers in the armed forces, republican guard,
gendarmerie and police forces of the Central African States, in order
to promote a culture of peace by explaining, once again, their role in
a democratic context;

      (c)   The development of a programme to combat illicit arms
trafficking, in order to remove this source of insecurity and a threat
to the stability of States in the subregion;

      (d)   The setting-up, under United Nations auspices, of an early
warning system as the basic instrument for preventive diplomacy in
Central Africa;

      (e)   The strengthening of cooperation between States of the
subregion and bilateral and multilateral partners on the question of
peace and security in Central Africa;

      9.    Expresses its conviction that the democratic process offers
a valuable means to build confidence, promote development and prevent
conflicts, and welcomes with satisfaction the decision taken by the
States members of the Standing Advisory Committee to hold a
subregional conference at Brazzaville in January 1997 on the topic
"Democratic institutions and peace in Central Africa";

      10.   Welcomes the holding, under United Nations auspices, of the
first training seminar for instructors in peace operations, at
Yaounde' from 9 to 17 September 1996, with a view to strengthening the
capacity of the units specializing in peace operations in the armed
forces of the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee;

      11.   Expresses its gratitude to those Governments which responded
favourably to the request from the General Assembly and contributed
towards financing the aforementioned training seminar;

      12.   Emphasizes once again the importance of continuing with this
training programme in order to strengthen the participation of States
members of the Standing Advisory Committee in future United Nations
peace operations;

      13.   Commends the Secretary-General for having established the
Trust Fund for the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on
Security Questions in Central Africa;

      14.   Appeals to Member States and governmental and
non-governmental organizations to make additional voluntary
contributions to the Trust Fund for the implementation of the
programme of work of the Standing Advisory Committee, in particular
the measures and objectives referred to in paragraphs 8, 9 and 12 of
the present resolution;

      15.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to provide
assistance to the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee to
ensure that they are able to carry on with their efforts; 

      16.   Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution;

      17.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Regional confidence-building
measures".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       D

          Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons

      The General Assembly,

      Convinced that the use of nuclear weapons poses the most serious
threat to the survival of mankind,

      Bearing in mind the advisory opinion of the International Court
of Justice of 8 July 1996 on the Legality of the Threat or Use of
Nuclear Weapons, 7/

      Convinced that a multilateral, universal and binding agreement
prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons would
contribute to the elimination of the nuclear threat and to the climate
for negotiations leading to the ultimate elimination of nuclear
weapons, thereby strengthening international peace and security,

      Conscious that some steps taken by the Russian Federation and the
United States of America towards a reduction of their nuclear weapons
and the improvement in the international climate can contribute
towards the goal of the complete elimination of nuclear weapons,

      Recalling that, in paragraph 58 of the Final Document of the
Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly, 8/ it is stated that
all States should actively participate in efforts to bring about
conditions in international relations among States in which a code of
peaceful conduct of nations in international affairs could be agreed
upon and that would preclude the use or threat of use of nuclear
weapons,

      Reaffirming that any use of nuclear weapons would be a violation
of the Charter of the United Nations and a crime against humanity, as
declared in its resolutions 1653 (XVI) of 24 November 1961, 33/71 B of
14 December 1978, 34/83 G of 11 December 1979, 35/152 D of 12 December
1980 and 36/92 I of 9 December 1981,

      Determined to achieve an international convention prohibiting the
development, production, stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons,
leading to their ultimate destruction,

      Stressing that an international convention on the prohibition of
the use of nuclear weapons would be an important step in a phased
programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear weapons within a
time-bound framework,

      Noting with regret that the Conference on Disarmament, during its
1996 session, was unable to undertake negotiations on this subject as
called for in General Assembly resolution 50/71 E of 12 December 1995,

      1.    Reiterates its request to the Conference on Disarmament to
commence negotiations, in order to reach agreement on an international
convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons
under any circumstances, taking as a possible basis the draft
Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons annexed to
the present resolution;

      2.    Requests the Conference on Disarmament to report to the
General Assembly on the results of those negotiations.

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996



                                     ANNEX

               Draft Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of
                                Nuclear Weapons

      The States Parties to the present Convention,

      Alarmed by the threat to the very survival of mankind posed by
the existence of nuclear weapons,

      Convinced that any use of nuclear weapons constitutes a violation
of the Charter of the United Nations and a crime against humanity,

      Desiring to achieve a multilateral, universal and binding
agreement prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons,

      Bearing in mind the advisory opinion of the International Court
of Justice that there exists an obligation of all States to pursue in
good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations leading to nuclear
disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective
international control,

      Determined, therefore, to achieve an international convention
prohibiting the development, production, stockpiling and use of
nuclear weapons, leading to their ultimate destruction,

      Convinced that the present Convention would be an important step
in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear
weapons within a time-bound framework,

      Determined to continue negotiations for the achievement of this
goal,

      Have agreed as follows:


                                   Article 1

      The States Parties to the present Convention solemnly undertake
not to use or threaten to use nuclear weapons under any circumstances.


                                   Article 2

      This Convention shall be of unlimited duration.


                                   Article 3

      1.    The present Convention shall be open to all States for
signature.  Any State that does not sign the Convention before its
entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of the present article
may accede to it at any time.

      2.    The present Convention shall be subject to ratification by
signatory States.  Instruments of ratification or accession shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

      3.    The present Convention shall enter into force on the deposit
of instruments of ratification by twenty-five Governments, including
the Governments of the five nuclear-weapon States, in accordance with
paragraph 2 of the present article.

      4.    For States whose instruments of ratification or accession
are deposited after the entry into force of the Convention, it shall
enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of
ratification or accession.

      5.    The depositary shall promptly inform all signatory and
acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of
each instrument of ratification or accession and the date of entry
into force of this Convention, as well as of the receipt of other
notices.

      6.    The present Convention shall be registered by the depositary
in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.


                                   Article 4

      The present Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English,
French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall
send duly certified copies thereof to the Governments of the signatory
and acceding States.

      IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized
thereto by their respective Governments, have signed the present
Convention, opened for signature at                  on the            
  day of               one thousand nine hundred and                .

                                       E

           United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament
                                   in Africa

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 40/151 G of 16 December 1985, 41/60 D
of 3 December 1986, 42/39 J of 30 November 1987 and 43/76 D of 7
December 1988 on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and
Disarmament in Africa, and its resolution 46/36 F of 6 December 1991
and 47/52 G of 9 December 1992 on regional disarmament, including
confidence-building measures,

      Reaffirming its resolutions 48/76 E of 16 December 1993, 49/76 D
of 15 December 1994 and 50/71 C of 12 December 1995 on the United
Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa and the
United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development
in Latin America and the Caribbean,

      Mindful of the provisions of Article 11, paragraph 1, of the
Charter of the United Nations stipulating that a function of the
General Assembly is to consider the general principles of cooperation
in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the
principles governing disarmament and arms limitation,

      Taking into account the guidelines for international arms
transfers adopted by the Disarmament Commission at its 1996
substantive session, 9/

      Welcoming the activities carried out by the United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa, which have
contributed substantially to understanding and cooperation among the
African States and have thereby strengthened its role in the areas of
peace, disarmament, security and development,

      Bearing in mind the financial situation of the Regional Centre as
described by the Secretary-General in his report on the activities of
the Regional Centre, 10/

      Underlining, therefore, the need to provide the Regional Centre
with financial stability so as to facilitate the effective planning
and implementation of its programmes of activities,

      1.    Expresses its gratitude to the Member States, international
governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations that
have, so far, contributed to the Trust Fund for the United Nations
Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa;

      2.    Commends the activities carried out by the Regional Centre
in identifying and broadening the understanding of pressing
disarmament and security issues in the African region;

      3.    Reaffirms its support for the further operation and
strengthening of the Regional Centre, and encourages it to continue to
intensify its efforts in promoting cooperation with subregional and
regional organizations, as well as among the African States, in order
to facilitate the development of effective measures of confidence-
building, arms limitation and disarmament, with a view to promoting
peace and security;

      4.    Appeals once again to Member States, mainly to African
countries, as well as to international governmental and
non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make regular and
appropriate voluntary contributions in order to revitalize the
Regional Centre, strengthen its programmes of activities and
facilitate the effective implementation of such programmes;

      5.    Requests the Secretary-General, in the light of the current
financial situation of the Regional Centre, to intensify his efforts
in exploring new ways and means of funding, and to continue to provide
all necessary support to the Regional Centre for better achievements
and results;

      6.    Also requests the Secretary-General to ensure that the
Director of the Regional Centre is, as far as possible and within
existing resources, locally based in order to revitalize the
activities of the Regional Centre;

      7.    Further requests the Secretary-General to report to the
General Assembly at its fifty-third session, under the item entitled
"Review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth
Special Session of the General Assembly", on the activities of the
United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Africa,
and on the implementation of the present resolution.

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                       F

                United Nations disarmament fellowship, training
                             and advisory services

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its decision, contained in paragraph 108 of the Final
Document of the Tenth Special Session of the General Assembly,8 the
first special session devoted to disarmament, to establish a programme
of fellowships on disarmament, as well as its decisions contained in
annex IV to the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of
the General Assembly, 11/ the second special session devoted to
disarmament, in which it decided, inter alia, to continue the
programme,

      Noting with satisfaction that the programme has already trained
an appreciable number of public officials selected from geographical
regions represented in the United Nations system, most of whom are now
in positions of responsibility in the field of disarmament affairs in
their respective countries or Governments,

      Recalling all the annual resolutions on the matter since the
thirty-seventh session of the General Assembly, in 1982, including
resolution 50/71 A of 12 December 1995,

      Noting with satisfaction that the programme, as designed,
continues to enable an increased number of public officials, in
particular from the developing countries, to acquire more expertise in
the sphere of disarmament,

      Believing that the forms of assistance available to Member
States, in particular to developing countries, under the programme
will enhance the capabilities of their officials to follow ongoing
deliberations and negotiations on disarmament, both bilateral and
multilateral,

      1.    Reaffirms its decisions contained in annex IV to the
Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General
Assembly 11/ and the report of the Secretary-General 12/ approved
by the Assembly in its resolution 33/71 E of 14 December 1978;

      2.    Expresses its appreciation to the Governments of Germany and
Japan for inviting the 1996 fellows to study selected activities in
the field of disarmament, thereby contributing to the fulfilment of
the overall objectives of the programme;

      3.    Commends the Secretary-General for the diligence with which
the programme has continued to be carried out;

      4.    Requests the Secretary-General to continue to implement
annually the Geneva-based programme within existing resources and to
report thereon to the General Assembly at its fifty-third session;

      5.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
third session the item entitled "United Nations disarmament
fellowship, training and advisory services".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    See Official Records of the General Assembly, Twelfth Special
Session, Plenary Meetings, 1st meeting, paras. 110 and 111.

2/    A/51/219.

3/    A/51/445.

4/    A/50/474, annex I.

5/    A/51/287.

6/    A/51/274-S/1996/631, annex.

7/    A/51/218, annex.

8/    Resolution S-10/2.

9/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Fifty-first Session,
Supplement No. 42 (A/51/42), annex I.

10/   See A/51/403.

11/   See Official Records of the General Assembly, Twelfth Special
Session, Annexes, agenda items 9-13, document A/S-12/32.

12/   A/33/305.

 

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