United Nations

A/RES/51/43


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 69


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.9)]


            51/43.      Conclusion of effective international
                        arrangements to assure non-nuclear-
                        weapon States against the use or
                        threat of use of nuclear weapons

      The General Assembly,

      Bearing in mind the need to allay the legitimate concern of the
States of the world with regard to ensuring lasting security for their
peoples,

      Convinced that nuclear weapons pose the greatest threat to
mankind and to the survival of civilization,

      Welcoming the progress achieved in recent years in both nuclear
and conventional disarmament,

      Noting that, despite recent progress in the field of nuclear
disarmament, further efforts are necessary towards the achievement of
general and complete disarmament under effective international
control,

      Convinced that nuclear disarmament and the complete elimination
of nuclear weapons are essential to remove the danger of nuclear war,

      Determined strictly to abide by the relevant provisions of the
Charter of the United Nations on the non-use of force or threat of
force,

      Recognizing that the independence, territorial integrity and
sovereignty of non-nuclear-weapon States need to be safeguarded
against the use or threat of use of force, including the use or threat
of use of nuclear weapons,

      Considering that, until nuclear disarmament is achieved on a
universal basis, it is imperative for the international community to
develop effective measures and arrangements to ensure the security of
non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear
weapons from any quarter,

      Recognizing that effective measures and arrangements to assure
the non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of
nuclear weapons can contribute positively to the prevention of the
spread of nuclear weapons,

      Bearing in mind paragraph 59 of the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly, 1/ the first special
session devoted to disarmament, in which it urged the nuclear-weapon
States to pursue efforts to conclude, as appropriate, effective
arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or
threat of use of nuclear weapons, and desirous of promoting the
implementation of the relevant provisions of the Final Document,

      Recalling the relevant parts of the special report of the
Committee on Disarmament 2/ submitted to the General Assembly at
its twelfth special session,  3/ the second special session devoted
to disarmament, and of the special report of the Conference on
Disarmament submitted to the Assembly at its fifteenth special
session, 4/ the third special session devoted to disarmament, as
well as the report of the Conference on its 1992 session, 5/

      Recalling also paragraph 12 of the Declaration of the 1980s as
the Second Disarmament Decade, contained in the annex to its
resolution 35/46 of 3 December 1980, which states, inter alia, that
all efforts should be exerted by the Committee on Disarmament urgently
to negotiate with a view to reaching agreement on effective
international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against
the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons,

      Noting the in-depth negotiations undertaken in the Conference on
Disarmament and its Ad Hoc Committee on Effective International
Arrangements to Assure Non-Nuclear-Weapon States against the Use or
Threat of Use of Nuclear Weapons, 6/ with a view to reaching
agreement on this item,

      Taking note of the proposals submitted under that item in the
Conference on Disarmament, including the drafts of an international
convention,

      Taking note also of the relevant decision of the Eleventh
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries,
held at Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, from 18 to 20 October 1995, 7/
and also of the decision adopted by the Tenth Conference of Heads
of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held at Jakarta from
1 to 6 September 1992, 8/ as well as the relevant recommendations
of the Organization of the Islamic Conference reiterated in the Final
Communique' of the Twentieth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers,
held at Istanbul from 4 to 8 August 1991, 9/ calling upon the
Conference on Disarmament to reach an urgent agreement on an
international convention to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against
the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons,

      Taking note further of the unilateral declarations made by all
nuclear-weapon States on their policies of non-use or non-threat of
use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States,

      Noting the support expressed in the Conference on Disarmament and
in the General Assembly for the elaboration of an international
convention to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or
threat of use of nuclear weapons, as well as the difficulties pointed
out in evolving a common approach acceptable to all,

      Noting also the greater willingness to overcome the difficulties
encountered in previous years,

      Taking note of Security Council resolution 984 (1995) of 11 April
1995 and the views expressed on it,

      Recalling its relevant resolutions adopted in previous years, in
particular resolutions 45/54 of 4 December 1990, 46/32 of 6 December
1991, 47/50 of 9 December 1992, 48/73 of 16 December 1993, 49/73 of 15
December 1994 and 50/68 of 12 December 1995,

      1.    Reaffirms the urgent need to reach an early agreement on
effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon
States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons;

      2.    Notes with satisfaction that in the Conference on
Disarmament there is no objection, in principle, to the idea of an
international convention to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against
the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, although the difficulties
as regards evolving a common approach acceptable to all have also been
pointed out;

      3.    Appeals to all States, especially the nuclear-weapon States,
to work actively towards an early agreement on a common approach and,
in particular, on a common formula that could be included in an
international instrument of a legally binding character;

      4.    Recommends that further intensive efforts should be devoted
to the search for such a common approach or common formula and that
the various alternative approaches, including, in particular, those
considered in the Conference on Disarmament, should be further
explored in order to overcome the difficulties;

      5.    Recommends also that the Conference on Disarmament should
actively continue intensive negotiations with a view to reaching early
agreement and concluding effective international arrangements to
assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of
nuclear weapons, taking into account the widespread support for the
conclusion of an international convention and giving consideration to
any other proposals designed to secure the same objective;

      6.    Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Conclusion of effective
international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against
the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution S-10/2.

2/    The Committee on Disarmament was redesignated the Conference on
Disarmament as from 7 February 1984.

3/    Official Records of the General Assembly, Twelfth Special
Session, Supplement No. 2 (A/S-12/2), sect. III.C.

4/    Ibid., Fifteenth Special Session, Supplement No. 2 (A/S-15/2),
sect. III.F.

5/    Ibid., Forty-seventh Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/47/27),
sect. III.F.

6/    Ibid., Forty-eighth Session, Supplement No. 27 (A/48/27),
para. 39.

7/    See A/50/752-S/1995/1035, annex III; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Fiftieth Year, Supplement for October, November and
December 1995, document S/1995/1035.

8/    See A/47/675-S/24816, annex, chap. II, para. 47; see Official
Records of the Security Council, Forty-seventh Year, Supplement for
October, November and December 1992, document S/24816.

9/    See A/46/486-S/23055, annex I; see Official Records of the
Security Council, Forty-sixth Year, Supplement for July, August and
September 1991, document S/23055.

 

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