United Nations

A/RES/51/41


General Assembly

Distr. GENERAL  

7 January 1997

ORIGINAL:
ENGLISH



Fifty-first session
Agenda item 67


                  RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY

            [on the report of the First Committee (A/51/566/Add.7)]


            51/41.      Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free
                        zone in the region of the Middle East

      The General Assembly,

      Recalling its resolutions 3263 (XXIX) of 9 December 1974, 3474
(XXX) of 11 December 1975, 31/71 of 10 December 1976, 32/82 of 12
December 1977, 33/64 of 14 December 1978, 34/77 of 11 December 1979,
35/147 of 12 December 1980, 36/87 A and B of 9 December 1981, 37/75 of
9 December 1982, 38/64 of 15 December 1983, 39/54 of 12 December 1984,
40/82 of 12 December 1985, 41/48 of 3 December 1986, 42/28 of
30 November 1987, 43/65 of 7 December 1988, 44/108 of
15 December 1989, 45/52 of 4 December 1990, 46/30 of 6 December 1991,
47/48 of 9 December 1992, 48/71 of 16 December 1993, 49/71 of 15
December 1994 and 50/66 of 12 December 1995 on the establishment of a
nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East,

      Recalling also the recommendations for the establishment of such
a zone in the Middle East consistent with paragraphs 60 to 63, and in
particular paragraph 63 (d), of the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly, 1/

      Emphasizing the basic provisions of the above-mentioned
resolutions, which call upon all parties directly concerned to
consider taking the practical and urgent steps required for the
implementation of the proposal to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone
in the region of the Middle East and, pending and during the
establishment of such a zone, to declare solemnly that they will
refrain, on a reciprocal basis, from producing, acquiring or in any
other way possessing nuclear weapons and nuclear explosive devices and
from permitting the stationing of nuclear weapons on their territory
by any third party, to agree to place their nuclear facilities under
International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards and to declare their
support for the establishment of the zone and to deposit such
declarations with the Security Council for consideration, as
appropriate,

      Reaffirming the inalienable right of all States to acquire and
develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes,

      Emphasizing the need for appropriate measures on the question of
the prohibition of military attacks on nuclear facilities,

      Bearing in mind the consensus reached by the General Assembly
since its thirty-fifth session that the establishment of a nuclear-
weapon-free zone in the Middle East would greatly enhance
international peace and security,

      Desirous of building on that consensus so that substantial
progress can be made towards establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone
in the Middle East,

      Welcoming all initiatives leading to general and complete
disarmament, including in the region of the Middle East, and in
particular on the establishment therein of a zone free of weapons of
mass destruction, including nuclear weapons,

      Noting the peace negotiations in the Middle East, which should be
of a comprehensive nature and represent an appropriate framework for
the peaceful settlement of contentious issues in the region,

      Recognizing the importance of credible regional security,
including the establishment of a mutually verifiable nuclear-weapon-
free zone,

      Emphasizing the essential role of the United Nations in the
establishment of a mutually verifiable nuclear-weapon-free zone,

      Having examined the report of the Secretary-General on the
implementation of resolution 50/66, 2/

      1.    Urges all parties directly concerned to consider seriously
taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation
of the proposal to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region
of the Middle East in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the
General Assembly, and, as a means of promoting this objective, invites
the countries concerned to adhere to the Treaty on the Non-
Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; 3/

      2.    Calls upon all countries of the region that have not done
so, pending the establishment of the zone, to agree to place all their
nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency
safeguards;

      3.    Takes note of resolution GC(40)RES/22, adopted on
20 September 1996 by the General Conference of the International
Atomic Energy Agency at its fortieth regular session, concerning the
application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East;

      4.    Notes the importance of the ongoing bilateral Middle East
peace negotiations and the activities of the multilateral Working
Group on Arms Control and Regional Security in promoting mutual
confidence and security in the Middle East, including the
establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone;

      5.    Invites all countries of the region, pending the
establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the
Middle East, to declare their support for establishing such a zone,
consistent with paragraph 63 (d) of the Final Document of the Tenth
Special Session of the General Assembly,1 and to deposit those
declarations with the Security Council;

      6.    Also invites those countries, pending the establishment of
the zone, not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear
weapons or permit the stationing on their territories, or territories
under their control, of nuclear weapons or nuclear explosive devices;

      7.    Invites the nuclear-weapon States and all other States to
render their assistance in the establishment of the zone and at the
same time to refrain from any action that runs counter to both the
letter and the spirit of the present resolution;

      8.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General;2

      9.    Invites all parties to consider the appropriate means that
may contribute towards the goal of general and complete disarmament
and the establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in
the region of the Middle East;

      10.   Requests the Secretary-General to continue to pursue
consultations with the States of the region and other concerned
States, in accordance with paragraph 7 of resolution 46/30 and taking
into account the evolving situation in the region, and to seek from
those States their views on the measures outlined in chapters III and
IV of the study annexed to his report 4/ or other relevant
measures, in order to move towards the establishment of a nuclear-
weapon-free zone in the Middle East;

      11.   Also requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-second session a report on the implementation of
the present resolution;

      12.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-
second session the item entitled "Establishment of a nuclear-weapon-
free zone in the region of the Middle East".

                                                          79th plenary meeting
                                                              10 December 1996


                                     Notes

1/    Resolution S-10/2.

2/    A/51/286 and Add.1.

3/    United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 729, No. 10485.

4/    A/45/435.

 

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